Title 7 -- Agriculture


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     7 USC CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH                                 01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    .
 
-HEAD-
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
 
-MISC1-
       SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Sec.
    5801. Purpose and definitions.
                  (a) Purpose.
                  (b) Definitions.
            PART A - BEST UTILIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS
    5811. Research and extension projects.
                  (a) Projects required.
                  (b) Agreements.
                  (c) Selection of projects.
                  (d) Diversification of research.
                  (e) On-farm research.
                  (f) Impact studies.
                  (g) Project duration.
                  (h) Public access.
                  (i) Indemnification.
    5812. Program administration.
                  (a) Duties of Secretary.
                  (b) Regional Administrative Councils.
    5813. Federal-State matching grant program.
                  (a) Establishment.
                  (b) Eligible programs and activities.
                  (c) Submission of plan.
                  (d) Grant award.
    5814. Authorization of appropriations.
                   PART B - INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
    5821. Integrated management systems.
                  (a) Establishment.
                  (b) Development and adoption of integrated crop
                        management practices.
                  (c) Development and adoption of integrated resource
                        management practices.
                  (d) Authorization of appropriations.
    5822. Integrated farm management program option.
                  (a) Establishment.
                  (b) Definitions.
                  (c) Eligibility.
                  (d) Acreage.
                  (e) Contracts.
                  (f) Requirements of plans.
                  (g) Administration; certification; termination.
                  (h) Program rules.
        PART C - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND
                              TRANSFER PROGRAM
    5831. Technical guides and handbooks.
                  (a) Development.
                  (b) Consultation and coordination.
                  (c) Topics of handbooks and guides.
                  (d) Organization and contents.
                  (e) Availability.
                  (f) Authorization of appropriations.
    5832. National Training Program.
                  (a) In general.
                  (b) Administration.
                  (c) Required training.
                  (d) Regional training centers.
                  (e) Competitive grants.
                  (f) Regional specialists.
                  (g) Information availability.
                  (h) ''Appropriate field office personnel'' defined.
                  (i) Authorization of appropriations.
             SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM
    5841. Establishment, purpose, and functions of National Genetic
      Resources Program.
                  (a) In general.
                  (b) Purpose.
                  (c) Administration.
                  (d) Functions.
    5842. Appointment and authority of Director.
                  (a) Director.
                  (b) Administrative authority.
                  (c) Duties.
                  (d) Biennial reports.
                  (e) Initial reports.
    5843. Advisory council.
                  (a) Establishment and membership.
                  (b) Ex officio members.
                  (c) Appointment of other members.
                  (d) Compensation.
                  (e) Term of office of appointees; vacancies.
                  (f) Chair.
                  (g) Meetings.
                  (h) Staff.
                  (i) Orientation and training.
                  (j) Comments and recommendations.
                  (k) Reports.
                  (l) Application of Advisory Committee Act.
    5844. Definitions and authorization of appropriations.
                  (a) Definitions.
                  (b) Authorization of appropriations.
     SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM
    5851. Short title and purposes.
                  (a) Short title.
                  (b) Purposes.
    5852. Agricultural Weather Office.
                  (a) Establishment of Office and administration of
                        system.
                  (b) Authority.
                  (c) Competitive grants program.
                  (d) Priority.
    5853. National Advisory Board on Agricultural Weather.
                  (a) Establishment.
                  (b) Composition.
                  (c) Chairperson.
                  (d) Term.
                  (e) Meetings.
                  (f) Compensation.
                  (g) Federal Advisory Committee Act.
    5854. State agricultural weather information systems.
                  (a) Advisory program grants.
                  (b) Consultation.
                  (c) Eligibility requirements.
    5855. Funding.
                  (a) Allocation of funds.
                  (b) Limitations on use of funds.
                  (c) Authorization of appropriations.
        SUBCHAPTER IV - RESEARCH REGARDING PRODUCTION, PREPARATION,
         PROCESSING, HANDLING, AND STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
    5871 to 5874. Repealed.
      SUBCHAPTER V - PLANT AND ANIMAL PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM
    5881 to 5885. Repealed.
           SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
                             COMMERCIALIZATION
    5901. Short title, purposes, and definitions.
                  (a) Short title.
                  (b) Purpose.
                  (c) Definitions.
    5902. Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization
      Corporation.
                  (a) Establishment.
                  (b) Purpose.
                  (c) Place of incorporation.
                  (d) Central office.
                  (e) Wholly-owned Government corporation.
                  (f) General powers.
                  (g) Specific powers.
    5903. Board of directors, employees, and facilities.
                  (a) In general.
                  (b) Members of Corporate Board.
                  (c) Responsibilities of Corporate Board.
                  (d) Chairperson.
                  (e) Executive Director.
                  (f) Officers.
                  (g) Meetings.
                  (h) Term; vacancies.
                  (i) Compensation.
                  (j) Conflict of interest; financial disclosure.
                  (k) Delegation of authority.
                  (l) Bylaws.
                  (m) Organization.
                  (n) Personnel and facilities of Corporation.
    5904. Research and development grants, contracts, and agreements.
                  (a) Eligibility.
                  (b) Competitive basis for awards.
                  (c) Selection criteria.
                  (d) Set-aside of funds for certain projects.
                  (e) Limitation on funds provided.
                  (f) Preference.
    5905. Commercialization assistance.
                  (a) Assistance authorized.
                  (b) Eligible entities.
                  (c) Application requirements.
                  (d) Priorities.
                  (e) Additional criteria.
    5906. General rules regarding provision of assistance.
                  (a) Notice of receipt of applications.
                  (b) Monitoring.
                  (c) Auditing and accountability.
                  (d) Information exempt from disclosure.
                  (e) Overhead and administrative costs.
                  (f) Prohibition on certain uses of assistance.
                  (g) Reports.
    5907. Regional Centers.
                  (a) Establishment.
                  (b) Method of establishment.
                  (c) Matching of funds.
                  (d) Director.
                  (e) Activities.
                  (f) Review of proposals for assistance.
    5908. Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization
      Revolving Fund.
                  (a) Establishment.
                  (b) Contents of Fund.
                  (c) Funding allocations.
                  (d) Authorized administrative expenses.
                  (e) Project monitoring.
                  (f) Termination of Fund.
                  (g) Authorization of appropriations; capitalization.
    5909. Procurement of alternative agricultural research and
      commercialization products.
                  (a) ''Executive agency'' defined.
                  (b) Procurement.
                  (c) Set-asides.
                  (d) Preferences.
                  (e) Notice.
                  (f) Eligibility.
             SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
    5921. Biotechnology risk assessment research.
                  (a) Purpose.
                  (b) Grant program.
                  (c) Types of research.
                  (d) Eligibility requirements.
                  (e) Consultation.
                  (f) Program coordination.
                  (g) Authorization of appropriations.
    5922. Graduate School of Department of Agriculture.
                  (a) Training services.
                  (b) Goods or services.
                  (c) Audits of records.
                  (d) Definitions.
    5923. Repealed.
    5924. Agricultural Genome Initiative.
                  (a) Goals.
                  (b) Duties of Secretary.
                  (c) Grants and cooperative agreements.
                  (d) Administration.
                  (e) Matching of funds.
                  (f) Consultation with National Academy of Sciences.
    5925. High-priority research and extension initiatives.
                  (a) Competitive specialized research and extension
                        grants authorized.
                  (b) Administration.
                  (c) Matching funds required.
                  (d) Partnerships encouraged.
                  (e) High-priority research and extension areas.
                  (f) Imported fire ant control, management, and
                        eradication.
                  (g) Formosan termite research and eradication.
                  (h) Authorization of appropriations.
    5925a. Nutrient management research and extension initiative.
                  (a) Competitive research and extension grants
                        authorized.
                  (b) Administration.
                  (c) Matching funds required.
                  (d) Partnerships encouraged.
                  (e) Nutrient management research and extension areas.
                  (g) Authorization of appropriations.
    5925b. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative.
                  (a) Competitive specialized research and extension
                        grants authorized.
                  (b) Grant types and process, prohibition on
                        construction.
                  (c) Matching funds required.
                  (d) Partnerships encouraged.
                  (e) Authorization of appropriations.
    5926. Agricultural telecommunications program.
                  (a) Purpose.
                  (b) Objectives.
                  (c) Definitions.
                  (d) Authorization of assistance to eligible
                        institutions.
                  (e) Priority.
                  (f) Applications for program production and delivery.
                  (g) Limitations on assistance.
                  (h) Authorization of appropriations.
    5927, 5928. Repealed.
    5929. Red meat safety research center.
                  (a) Establishment of center.
                  (b) Eligible research facility described.
                  (c) Research conducted.
                  (d) Administration of funds.
                  (e) Authorization of appropriations.
    5930. Reservation extension agents.
                  (a) Establishment.
                  (b) Administration and management.
                  (c) Advisory committees.
                  (d) Staffing.
                  (e) Placing of agents.
                  (f) Reduced regulatory burden.
                  (g) Authorization of appropriations.
    5931, 5932. Repealed.
    5933. Assistive technology program for farmers with disabilities.
                  (a) Special demonstration grants.
                  (b) National grant for technical assistance,
                        training, and dissemination.
                  (c) Authorization of appropriations
    5934. Research on honeybee diseases.
                  (a) Sense of Congress.
                  (b) Research.
    5935. Use of remote sensing data and other data to anticipate
      potential food, feed, and fiber shortages or excesses and to
      provide timely information to assist farmers with planting
      decisions.
                  (a) Findings.
                  (b) Information development.
                  (c) Coordination.
                  (d) Sunset.
 
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     7 USC SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH
                  AND EDUCATION                                  01/05/99
 
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    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    .
 
-HEAD-
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
 
-SECREF-
                  SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This subchapter is referred to in section 3222c of this title.
 
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     7 USC Sec. 5801                                             01/05/99
 
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    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5801. Purpose and definitions
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Purpose
      It is the purpose of this subchapter to encourage research
    designed to increase our knowledge concerning agricultural
    production systems that -
        (1) maintain and enhance the quality and productivity of the
      soil;
        (2) conserve soil, water, energy, natural resources, and fish
      and wildlife habitat;
        (3) maintain and enhance the quality of surface and ground
      water;
        (4) protect the health and safety of persons involved in the
      food and farm system;
        (5) promote the well being of animals; and
        (6) increase employment opportunities in agriculture.
    (b) Definitions
      For purposes of this subchapter:
        (1) The term ''sustainable agriculture'' shall have the same
      meaning given to that term by section 3103(17) of this title.
        (2) The term ''integrated crop management'' means an
      agricultural management system that integrates all controllable
      agricultural production factors for long-term sustained
      productivity, profitability, and ecological soundness.
        (3) The term ''integrated resource management'' means livestock
      management which utilizes an interdisciplinary systems approach
      which integrates all controllable agricultural production
      practices to provide long-term sustained productivity and
      profitable production of safe and wholesome food in an
      environmentally sound manner.
        (4) The term ''agribusiness'' includes a producer or
      organization engaged in an agricultural enterprise with a profit
      motive.
        (5) The term ''extension'' shall have the same meaning given to
      that term by section 3103(7) of this title.
        (6) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture.
        (7) The term ''State'' means each of the 50 States, the
      District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the
      Virgin Islands of the United States, American Samoa, the
      Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Trust Territory
      of the Pacific Islands, or federally recognized Indian tribes.
        (8) The term ''State agricultural experiment stations'' shall
      have the same meaning given to that term by section 3103(13) of
      this title.
        (9) The term ''nonprofit organization'' means an organization,
      group, institute, or institution that -
          (A) has a demonstrated capacity to conduct agricultural
        research or education programs;
          (B) has experience in research, demonstration, education, or
        extension in sustainable agricultural practices and systems;
        and
          (C) qualifies as a nonprofit organization under section
        501(c) of title 26.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1619, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3733; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(2), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1864; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 860(c)(1), Apr. 4,
    1996, 110 Stat. 1173.)
 
-REFTEXT-
                             REFERENCES IN TEXT
      This subchapter, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (b), was in the
    original ''this subtitle'', meaning subtitle B (Sec. 1619-1629) of
    title XVI of Pub. L. 101-624, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3733, which
    enacted this subchapter, repealed sections 4701 to 4710 of this
    title, and repealed provisions set out as a note under section 4701
    of this title.  For complete classification of subtitle B to the
    Code, see Tables.
 
-MISC2-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsec. (b)(7) to (10). Pub. L. 104-127 redesignated pars.
    (8) to (10) as (7) to (9), respectively, and struck out former par.
    (7) which read as follows: ''The term 'Advisory Council' means the
    National Sustainable Agriculture Advisory Council established under
    section 5812(c) of this title.''
      1991 - Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''Mariana
    Islands'' for ''Marianas Islands''.
 
-TRANS-
           TERMINATION OF TRUST TERRITORY OF THE PACIFIC ISLANDS
      For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see
    note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and
    Insular Possessions.
 
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     7 USC Part A - Best Utilization of Biological
                  Applications                                   01/05/99
 
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    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications
    .
 
-HEAD-
    Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications
 
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     7 USC Sec. 5811                                             01/05/99
 
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    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5811. Research and extension projects
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Projects required
      The Secretary shall conduct research and extension projects to
    obtain data, develop conclusions, demonstrate technologies, and
    conduct educational programs that promote the purposes of this
    part, including research and extension projects that -
        (1) facilitate and increase scientific investigation and
      education in order to -
          (A) reduce, to the extent feasible and practicable, the use
        of chemical pesticides, fertilizers, and toxic natural
        materials in agricultural production;
          (B) improve low-input farm management to enhance agricultural
        productivity, profitability, and competitiveness; and
          (C) promote crop, livestock, and enterprise diversification;
        and
        (2) facilitate the conduct of projects in order to -
          (A) study, to the extent practicable, agricultural production
        systems that are located in areas that possess various soil,
        climate, and physical characteristics;
          (B) study farms that have been, and will continue to be,
        managed using farm production practices that rely on low-input
        and conservation practices;
          (C) take advantage of the experience and expertise of farmers
        and ranchers through their direct participation and leadership
        in projects;
          (D) transfer practical, reliable and timely information to
        farmers and ranchers concerning low-input sustainable farming
        practices and systems; and
          (E) promote a partnership between farmers, nonprofit
        organizations, agribusiness, and public and private research
        and extension institutions.
    (b) Agreements
      The Secretary shall carry out this section through agreements
    entered into with land-grant colleges or universities, other
    universities, State agricultural experiment stations, the State
    cooperative extension services, nonprofit organizations with
    demonstrable expertise, or Federal or State governmental entities.
    (c) Selection of projects
      (1) In general
        The Secretary shall select research and extension projects to
      be conducted under this section on the basis of -
          (A) the relevance of the project to the purposes of this
        part;
          (B) the appropriateness of the design of the project;
          (C) the likelihood of obtaining the objectives of the
        project; and
          (D) the national or regional applicability of the findings
        and outcomes of the proposed project.
      (2) Priority
        In conducting projects under this section, the Secretary shall
      give priority to projects that -
          (A) closely coordinate research and extension activities;
          (B) indicate the manner in which the findings of the project
        will be made readily usable by farmers;
          (C) maximize the involvement and cooperation of farmers,
        including projects involving on-farm research and
        demonstration;
          (D) involve a multidisciplinary systems approach; and
          (E) involve cooperation between farms, non-profit
        organizations, colleges and universities, and government
        agencies.
    (d) Diversification of research
      The Secretary shall conduct projects and studies under this
    section in areas that are broadly representative of the diversity
    of United States agricultural production, including production on
    family farms, mixed-crop livestock farms and dairy operations.
    (e) On-farm research
      The Secretary may conduct projects and activities that involve
    on-farm research and demonstration in carrying out this section.
    (f) Impact studies
      The Secretary may approve study projects concerning the national
    and regional economic, global competitiveness, social and
    environmental implications of the adoption of low-input sustainable
    agricultural practices and systems.
    (g) Project duration
      (1) In general
        The Secretary may approve projects to be conducted under this
      section that have a duration of more than one fiscal year.
      (2) Sequence planting
        In the case of a research project conducted under this section
      that involves the planting of a sequence of crops or crop
      rotations, the Secretary shall approve such projects for a term
      that is appropriate to the sequence or rotation being studied.
    (h) Public access
      The Secretary shall ensure that research projects conducted under
    this section are open for public observation at specified times.
    (i) Indemnification
      (1) In general
        Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary may indemnify the
      operator of a project conducted under this section for damage
      incurred or undue losses sustained as a result of a rigid
      requirement of research or demonstration under such project that
      is not experienced in normal farming operations.
      (2) Subject to agreement
        An indemnity payment under paragraph (1) shall be subject to
      any agreement between a project grantee and operator entered into
      prior to the initiation of such project.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1621, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3734; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 860(c)(2), Apr. 4, 1996,
    110 Stat. 1173.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(c)(2)(A),
    redesignated subpars. (B) to (E) as (A) to (D), respectively, and
    struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: ''the
    recommendations of the Advisory Council;''.
      Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(c)(2)(B), redesignated
    subpars. (B) to (F) as (A) to (E), respectively, and struck out
    former subpar. (A) which read as follows: ''are recommended by the
    Advisory Council;''.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in sections 5812, 5814 of this title.
 
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     7 USC Sec. 5812                                             01/05/99
 
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    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5812. Program administration
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Duties of Secretary
      The Secretary shall -
        (1) administer the programs and projects conducted under
      sections 5811 and 5813 of this title through the Cooperative
      State Research Service in close cooperation with the Extension
      Service, Agricultural Research Service, and other appropriate
      agencies;
        (2) establish a minimum of four Regional Administrative
      Councils in accordance with subsection (b) of this section; and
        (3) in conjunction with such Regional Administrative Councils,
      identify regional host institutions required to carry out such
      programs or projects.
    (b) Regional Administrative Councils
      (1) Membership
        The membership of the Regional Administrative Councils shall
      include representatives of -
          (A) the Agricultural Research Service;
          (B) the Cooperative State Research Service;
          (C) the Extension Service;
          (D) State cooperative extension services;
          (E) State agricultural experiment stations;
          (F) the Soil Conservation Service;
          (G) State departments engaged in sustainable agriculture
        programs;
          (H) nonprofit organizations with demonstrable expertise;
          (I) farmers utilizing systems and practices of sustainable
        agriculture;
          (J) agribusiness;
          (K) the State or United States Geological Survey; and
          (L) other persons knowledgeable about sustainable agriculture
        and its impact on the environment and rural communities.
      (2) Responsibilities
        The Regional Administrative Councils shall -
          (A) promote the programs established under this subchapter at
        the regional level;
          (B) establish goals and criteria for the selection of
        projects authorized under this subchapter within the applicable
        region;
          (C) appoint a technical committee to evaluate the proposals
        for projects to be considered under this subchapter by such
        council;
          (D) review and act on the recommendations of the technical
        committee, and coordinate its activities with the regional host
        institution; and
          (E) prepare and make available an annual report concerning
        projects funded under sections 5811 and 5813 of this title,
        together with an evaluation of the project activity.
      (3) Conflict of interest
        A member of the Regional Administrative Council or a technical
      committee may not participate in the discussion or recommendation
      of proposed projects if the member has or had a professional or
      business interest in, including the provision of consultancy
      services, the organization whose grant application is under
      review.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1622, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3736; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 860(a), (b), Apr. 4, 1996,
    110 Stat. 1173.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsec. (a)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(b)(1),
    redesignated pars. (3) and (4) as (2) and (3), respectively,
    substituted ''subsection (b)'' for ''subsection (e)'' in par. (2),
    and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: ''establish
    the Advisory Council in accordance with subsection (c) of this
    section;''.
      Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(a), (b)(3), redesignated
    subsec. (e) as (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which required
    Secretary, not later than Apr. 1, 1991, and each April 1
    thereafter, to prepare and submit to congressional committees and
    to Advisory Council report describing results of programs carried
    out under sections 5811, 5813, and 5821 of this title and report
    describing progress of projects conducted under this subchapter.
      Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(b)(4), redesignated
    subpars. (B) to (F) as (A) to (E), respectively, and struck out
    former subpar. (A) which read as follows: ''make recommendations to
    the Advisory Council concerning research and extension projects
    that merit funding under sections 5811 and 5813 of this title;''.
      Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(b)(2), (3),
    redesignated subsec. (e) as (b) and struck out subsec. (c) which
    provided for membership of the National Sustainable Agriculture
    Advisory Council and subsec. (d) which set forth responsibilities
    of Advisory Council.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in sections 5813, 5814 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5813                                             01/05/99
 
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    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5813. Federal-State matching grant program
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Establishment
      The Secretary shall establish a Federal-State matching grant
    program to make grants to States to assist in the creation or
    enhancement of State sustainable agriculture research, extension,
    and education programs, in furtherance of this subchapter.
    (b) Eligible programs and activities
      States eligible to receive a grant under this section may conduct
    a variety of activities designed to carry out the purpose of this
    subchapter, including -
        (1) activities that encourage the incorporation and integration
      of sustainable agriculture concerns in all State research,
      extension, and education projects;
        (2) educational programs for farmers, educators, and the
      public;
        (3) the development and funding of innovative research,
      extension, and education programs regarding sustainable
      agriculture;
        (4) the conduct of research and demonstration projects;
        (5) the provision of technical assistance to farmers and
      ranchers;
        (6) activities that encourage farmer-to-farmer information
      exchanges;
        (7) the incorporation of sustainable agriculture studies in
      undergraduate and graduate degree programs; and
        (8) such other activities that are appropriate to the
      agricultural concerns of the State that are consistent with the
      purpose of this part.
    (c) Submission of plan
      (1) Required
        States that elect to apply for a grant under this section shall
      prepare and submit, to the appropriate Regional Administrative
      Council established under section 5812 of this title, a State
      plan and schedule for approval by such council and the Secretary.
      (2) Elements of plan
        State plans prepared under paragraph (1) shall provide details
      of the proposed program to be implemented using funds provided
      under this section for fiscal years 1991 through 1995, or any
      5-year period thereafter, and shall identify the sources of
      matching State funds for the same fiscal year.
      (3) Participation of farmers
        To be eligible for approval, State plans submitted under this
      subsection shall demonstrate that there will be extensive and
      direct participation of farmers in the development,
      implementation, and evaluation of the program.
    (d) Grant award
      (1) Limits
        Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall provide grants to
      eligible States in an amount not to exceed 50 percent of the cost
      of the establishment or enhancement of a State sustainable
      agriculture program under a plan approved by the Secretary under
      subsection (c) of this section for a period not to exceed 5
      years.
      (2) State contribution
        To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a State
      shall agree to pay, from State appropriated funds, other State
      revenue, or from private contributions received by the State, not
      less than 50 percent of the cost of the establishment or
      enhancement of the sustainable agriculture program under an
      approved plan under subsection (c) of this section.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1623, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3738.)
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in section 5812 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5814                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5814. Authorization of appropriations
 
-STATUTE-
      There are authorized to be appropriated $40,000,000 for each
    fiscal year to carry out this part.  Of amounts appropriated to
    carry out this part for a fiscal year, not less than $15,000,000,
    or not less than two thirds of any such appropriation, whichever is
    greater, shall be used to carry out sections 5811 and 5812 of this
    title.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1624, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3739; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 408, Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat.
    1865.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1991 - Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''and 5812'' for ''and 5813''.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Part B - Integrated Management Systems                01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Part B - Integrated Management Systems
    .
 
-HEAD-
    Part B - Integrated Management Systems
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5821                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Part B - Integrated Management Systems
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5821. Integrated management systems
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Establishment
      The Secretary shall establish a research and education program
    concerning integrated resource management and integrated crop
    management in order to enhance research related to farming
    operations, practices, and systems that optimize crop and livestock
    production potential and are environmentally sound.  The purpose of
    the program shall be -
        (1) to encourage producers to adopt integrated crop and
      livestock management practices and systems that minimize or abate
      adverse environmental impacts, reduce soil erosion and loss of
      water and nutrients, enhance the efficient use of on-farm and
      off-farm inputs, and maintain or increase profitability and
      long-term productivity;
        (2) to develop knowledge and information on integrated crop and
      livestock management systems and practices to assist agricultural
      producers in the adoption of these systems and practices;
        (3) to accumulate and analyze information on agricultural
      production practices researched or developed under programs
      established under this subchapter, chapter 86 of this title,
      (FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate programs of the Department of
      Agriculture to further the development of integrated crop and
      livestock management systems;
       (FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.
        (4) to facilitate the adoption of whole-farm integrated crop
      and livestock management systems through demonstration projects
      on individual farms, including small and limited resource farms,
      throughout the United States; and
        (5) to evaluate and recommend appropriate integrated crop and
      livestock management policies and programs.
    (b) Development and adoption of integrated crop management
        practices
      The Secretary shall encourage agricultural producers to adopt and
    develop individual, site-specific integrated crop management
    practices.  On a priority basis, the Secretary shall develop and
    disseminate information on integrated crop management systems for
    agricultural producers in specific localities or crop producing
    regions where the Secretary determines -
        (1) water quality is impaired as a result of local or regional
      agricultural production practices; or
        (2) the adoption of such practices may aid in the recovery of
      endangered or threatened species.
    (c) Development and adoption of integrated resource management
        practices
      The Secretary shall, on a priority basis, develop programs to
    encourage livestock producers to develop and adopt individual,
    site-specific integrated resource management practices.  These
    programs shall be designed to benefit producers and consumers
    through -
        (1) optimum use of available resources and improved production
      and financial efficiency for producers;
        (2) identifying and prioritizing the research and educational
      needs of the livestock industry relating to production and
      financial efficiency, competitiveness, environmental stability,
      and food safety; and
        (3) utilizing an interdisciplinary approach.
    (d) Authorization of appropriations
      There are authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year
    $20,000,000 to carry out this section through the Extension
    Service.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1627, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3739; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 862(b)(2), Apr. 4, 1996,
    110 Stat. 1174.)
 
-REFTEXT-
                             REFERENCES IN TEXT
      This subchapter, referred to in subsec. (a)(3), was in the
    original ''this subtitle'', meaning subtitle B (Sec. 1619-1629) of
    title XVI of Pub. L. 101-624, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3733, which
    enacted this subchapter, repealed sections 4701 to 4710 of this
    title, and repealed provisions set out as a note under section 4701
    of this title.  For complete classification of subtitle B to the
    Code, see Tables.
      Chapter 86 of this title, referred to in subsec. (a)(3), was in
    the original ''subtitle G of title XIV'', meaning subtitle G (Sec.
    1481-1485) of title XIV of Pub. L. 101-624, which was repealed by
    Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(c), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.
    563.
 
-MISC2-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 104-127 struck out ''and section
    5881 of this title'' before ''and other appropriate''.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5822                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Part B - Integrated Management Systems
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5822. Integrated Farm Management Program Option
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Establishment
      The Secretary of Agriculture (hereafter in this section referred
    to as the ''Secretary'') shall, by regulation, establish a
    voluntary program, to be known as the ''Integrated Farm Management
    Program Option'' (hereafter referred to in this section as the
    ''program''), designed to assist producers of agricultural
    commodities in adopting integrated, multiyear, site-specific farm
    management plans by reducing farm program barriers to resource
    stewardship practices and systems.
    (b) Definitions
      (1) In general
        For purposes of this section -
          (A) The term ''resource-conserving crop'' means legumes,
        legume-grass mixtures, legume-small grain mixtures,
        legume-grass-small grain mixtures, and alternative crops.
          (B) The term ''resource-conserving crop rotation'' means a
        crop rotation that includes at least one resource-conserving
        crop and that reduces erosion, maintains or improves soil
        fertility and tilth, interrupts pest cycles, or conserves
        water.
          (C) The term ''farming operations and practices'' includes
        the integration of crops and crop-plant variety selection,
        rotation practices, tillage systems, soil conserving and soil
        building practices, nutrient management strategies, biological
        control and integrated pest management strategies, livestock
        production and management systems, animal waste management
        systems, water and energy conservation measures, and health and
        safety considerations.
          (D) The term ''integrated farm management plan'' means a
        comprehensive, multiyear, site-specific plan that meets the
        requirements of subsection (f) of this section.
      (2) Crops
        For purposes of paragraph (1)(A) -
          (A) The term ''grass'' means perennial grasses commonly used
        for haying or grazing.
          (B) The term ''legume'' means forage legumes (such as alfalfa
        or clover) or any legume grown for use as a forage or green
        manure, but not including any bean crop from which the seeds
        are harvested.
          (C) The term ''small grain'' shall not include malting barley
        or wheat, except for wheat interplanted with other small grain
        crops for nonhuman consumption.
          (D) The term ''alternative crops'' means experimental and
        industrial crops grown in arid and semiarid regions that
        conserve soil and water.
    (c) Eligibility
      To be eligible to participate in the program established by this
    section, a producer must -
        (1) prepare and submit to the Secretary for approval an
      integrated farm management plan (hereafter referred to in this
      section as the ''plan'');
        (2) actively apply the terms and conditions of the plan, as
      approved by the Secretary;
        (3) devote to a resource-conserving crop, on the average
      through the life of the contract, not less than 20 percent of the
      crop acreage bases enrolled under such program;
        (4) comply with the terms and conditions of any annual acreage
      limitation program in effect for the crop acreage bases
      contracted under the terms of this subsection; and
        (5) keep such records as the Secretary may reasonably require.
    (d) Acreage
      In accepting contracts for the program, the Secretary, to the
    extent practicable, shall enroll not less than 3,000,000, nor more
    than 5,000,000, acres of cropland in each of the calendar years
    1991 through 1995.
    (e) Contracts
      The Secretary shall enter into contracts with producers to enroll
    acreage in the program.  Such contracts shall be for a period of
    not less than 3 years, but may, at the producer's option, be for a
    longer period of time (up to 5 years) and may be renewed upon
    mutual agreement between the Secretary and the producer.
    (f) Requirements of plans
      Each plan approved by the Secretary shall -
        (1) specify the acreage and the crop acreage bases to be
      enrolled in the program;
        (2) describe the resource-conserving crop rotation to be
      implemented and maintained on such acreage during the contract
      period to fulfill the purposes of the program;
        (3) contain a schedule for the implementation, improvement and
      maintenance of the resource-conserving crop rotation described in
      the plan;
        (4) describe the farming operations and practices to be
      implemented on such acreage and how such operations and practices
      could reasonably be expected to result in -
          (A) the maintenance or enhancement of the overall
        productivity and profitability of the farm;
          (B) the prevention of the degradation of farmland soils, the
        long-term improvement of the fertility and physical properties
        of such soils; and
          (C) the protection of water supplies from contamination by
        managing or minimizing agricultural pollutants if their
        management or minimization results in positive economic and
        environmental benefits;
        (5) assist the producer to comply with all Federal, State, and
      local requirements designed to protect soil, wetland, wildlife
      habitat, and the quality of groundwater and surface water; and
        (6) contain such other terms as the Secretary may, by
      regulation, require.
    (g) Administration; certification; termination
      (1) Administration; technical assistance; flexibility;
          implementation; displacement
        (A) Administration
          The program shall be administered by the Secretary.
        (B) Technical assistance
          In administering the program, the Secretary, in consultation
        with the local conservation districts, and any State or local
        authorities deemed appropriate by the Secretary, shall provide
        technical assistance to producers in developing and
        implementing plans, evaluating the effectiveness of plans, and
        assessing the costs and benefits of farming operations and
        practices.  The plans may draw on handbooks and technical
        guides and may also include other practices appropriate to the
        particular circumstances of the producer and the purposes of
        the program.
        (C) Flexibility
          In administering the program, the Secretary shall provide
        sufficient flexibility for a producer to adjust or modify the
        producer's plan consistent with this section, except that such
        adjustments or modifications must be approved by the Secretary.
        (D) Minimization of adverse effect
          (i) In general
            Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the
          Secretary shall implement this section in such a manner as to
          minimize any adverse economic effect on the agribusinesses
          and other agriculturally related economic interests within
          any county, State, or region that may result from a decrease
          of harvested acres due to the operation of this section.  In
          carrying out this section, the Secretary may restrict the
          total amount of crop acreage that may be removed from
          production, taking into consideration the total amount of
          crop acreage that has, or will be, removed from production
          under other price support, production adjustment, or
          conservation program activities.
          (ii) Maximize conservation goals
            The Secretary shall, to the greatest extent practicable,
          permit producers on a farm that desire to participate in the
          program authorized under this section to enroll acreage
          adequate to maximize conservation goals on such farm and
          ensure economic effectiveness of the program in each
          individual application.
        (E) Displacement
          The Secretary shall not approve any plan that will result in
        the involuntary displacement of farm tenants or lessees by
        landowners through the removal of substantial portions of the
        farm from production of a commodity.  In the case of any tenant
        or lessee who has rented or leased the farm (with or without a
        written option for annual renewal or periodic renewals) for a
        period of two or more of the immediately preceding years, the
        Secretary shall consider the refusal by a landlord, without
        reasonable cause other than simply for the purpose of
        enrollment in the program, to renew such rental or lease as an
        involuntary displacement in the absence of a written consent to
        such nonrenewal by the tenant or lessee.
      (2) Certification
        The Secretary shall certify compliance by producers with the
      terms and conditions of the plans.
      (3) Termination
        The Secretary may terminate a contract entered into with a
      producer under this program if -
          (A) the producer agrees to such termination, or
          (B) the producer violates the terms and conditions of such
        contract.
    (h) Program rules
      (1) Base and yield protection
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall
      not, except as provided in paragraph (6), reduce crop acreage
      bases, or farm program payment yields, as a result of the
      planting of a resource-conserving crop as part of a
      resource-conserving crop rotation.
      (2) Resource-conserving crops on reduced acreage
        Notwithstanding the provisions of title I of the Agricultural
      Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1441 et seq.), acreage devoted to
      resource-conserving crops as part of a resource-conserving crop
      rotation under this program may also be designated as
      conservation use acreage for the purpose of fulfilling any
      provisions under any acreage limitation or land diversion program
      and up to 50 percent of the acreage so designated shall be
      without restrictions on haying and grazing, except as provided in
      paragraph (5)(B), except that such acreage that is devoted to
      perennial cover on which cost-share assistance for the
      establishment of the perennial cover has been provided, shall not
      be credited towards the producer's resource-conserving crop
      requirement under a contract under this section.
      (3) Barley, oats, and wheat
        Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, barley,
      oats, or wheat planted as part of a resource-conserving crop on
      reduced acreage may not be harvested in kernel form.
      (4) Payment acres
        Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Secretary
      shall not reduce farm program payments of participants in this
      program as a result of the planting a resource-conserving crop as
      part of a resource-conserving crop rotation on payment acres.
      (5) Haying and grazing restriction
        (A) In general
          The Secretary shall not make any program payments to a
        producer who is otherwise eligible to receive with respect to
        acreage enrolled in the program if such producer hays or grazes
        such acreage (excluding acreage designated as conservation use
        acreage) during the 5-month period in each State during which
        haying and grazing of conserving use acres is not allowed under
        the provisions of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1421
        et seq.), or, if the crop planted on such acreage includes a
        small grain, before the producer harvests the small grain crop
        in kernel form.
        (B) Limitation on permitted haying and grazing
          Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if the
        Secretary determines that implementation of this section will
        result in a significant adverse economic impact on hay or
        livestock prices in a particular geographic area, the Secretary
        may limit the quantity of hay that can be harvested or grazed
        from that area.  Such limit may include restrictions on the
        number of times that hay may be harvested or grazed from the
        acres per year, the timing of such harvesting and grazing, or
        the number of years that such land may remain in the same hay
        stand, or a prohibition on the harvesting or grazing of hay
        from acres on which a small grain was not originally
        interplanted with the hay crop and harvested for grain.
      (6) Base acre adjustments
        The Secretary, only for the purpose of establishing a
      producer's crop acreage base under the Agricultural Act of 1949
      (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.), may make such adjustments as the
      Secretary determines to be fair and equitable to reflect
      resource-conserving crop rotation practices that were maintained
      by producers prior to participation in the program and to reflect
      such other factors as the Secretary determines should be
      considered, except that the total of such adjustments in any year
      shall not exceed the total farm program savings in the same year
      that would result from the implementation of plans.
      (7) Payment acreage limitation
        (A) In general
          No producers enrolled in a resource-conserving crop rotation
        shall be eligible to receive payments under farm programs for
        wheat, feed grains, cotton, or rice under the Agricultural Act
        of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.) on acreage equal to the average
        number of traditionally underplanted acres for the three years
        prior to enrolling in this program.
        (B) ''Traditionally underplanted acreage'' defined
          (i) In general
            Subject to clause (ii), for the purposes of this paragraph
          the term ''traditionally underplanted acreage'' means the
          difference in a particular year between the acreage that is
          part of a producer's crop acreage base that is not planted to
          the program crop and the part of the crop acreage base
          subject to an acreage limitation program or required to be
          set aside, but only to the extent that such number exceeds
          the number of acres resulting from the reduction in payment
          acres under an amendment made by section 1101 of the Omnibus
          Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-508; 104
          Stat. 1388-1). In no case shall such acreage be less than
          zero.
          (ii) Exception
            In the case of a producer participating in a particular
          year in a program authorized under section 101B(c)(1)(D),
          103B(c)(1)(D), 105B(c)(1)(E), or 107B(c)(1)(E) (FOOTNOTE 1)
          of the Agricultural Act of 1949, the term ''traditionally
          underplanted acreage'' means 8 percent of the producer's
          permitted acreage for such year.
       (FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XIV, Sec. 1451, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3607; Pub. L. 101-508, title I, Sec. 1204(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104
    Stat. 1388-11; Pub. L. 102-237, title II, Sec. 201(a), Dec. 13,
    1991, 105 Stat. 1846.)
 
-REFTEXT-
                             REFERENCES IN TEXT
      The Agricultural Act of 1949, referred to in subsec. (h)(2),
    (5)(A), (6), (7)(A), is act Oct. 31, 1949, ch. 792, 63 Stat. 1051,
    as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 35A (Sec.
    1421 et seq.) of this title.  Title I of the Agricultural Act of
    1949, is classified generally to subchapter II (Sec. 1441 et seq.)
    of chapter 35A of this title.  Sections 101B, 103B, 105B, and 107B
    of the Act were classified to sections 1441-2, 1444-2, 1444f, and
    1445b-3a of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104-127, title I,
    Sec. 171(b)(2)(A)-(D), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 938. For complete
    classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set
    out under section 1421 of this title and Tables.
      This Act, referred to in subsec. (h)(4), is Pub. L. 101-624, Nov.
    28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3359, as amended, known as the Food,
    Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990. For complete
    classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set
    out under section 1421 of this title and Tables.
      Section 1101 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990,
    referred to in subsec. (h)(7)(B)(i), is section 1101 of Pub. L.
    101-508, which amended former sections 1441-2, 1444-2, 1444f, and
    1445b-3a of this title.
 
-COD-
                                CODIFICATION
      Section was not enacted as part of subtitle B of title XVI of
    Pub. L. 101-624 which comprises this subchapter.
 
-MISC3-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1991 - Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 201(a)(1),
    substituted ''subsection (f)'' for ''subsection (e)''.
      Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 201(a)(2), inserted ''each
    of'' before ''the calendar''.
      Subsec. (f)(5). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 201(a)(3), substituted
    ''assist'' for ''assisting''.
      Subsec. (h)(7)(B)(i). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 201(a)(4)(A),
    inserted before period at end of first sentence '', but only to the
    extent that such number exceeds the number of acres resulting from
    the reduction in payment acres under an amendment made by section
    1101 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (Public Law
    101-508; 104 Stat. 1388-1)''.
      Subsec. (h)(7)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 201(a)(4)(B),
    substituted ''under section 101B(c)(1)(D), 103B(c)(1)(D),
    105B(c)(1)(E), or 107B(c)(1)(E)'' for ''under section
    101B(c)(1)(B), section 103B(c)(1)(B), section 105A(c)(1)(B), or
    section 107A(c)(1)(B)''.
      1990 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 1204(a)(1), substituted
    ''enroll not less than'' for ''enroll not more than''.
      Subsec. (h)(7)(A). Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 1204(a)(2), substituted
    ''shall be eligible'' for ''shall not be eligible''.
                      EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1991 AMENDMENT
      Amendment by Pub. L. 102-237 effective as if included in the
    provision of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of
    1990, Pub. L. 101-624, to which the amendment relates, see section
    1101(b)(1) of Pub. L. 102-237, set out as a note under section 1421
    of this title.
                      EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT
      Amendment by Pub. L. 101-508 effective Nov. 29, 1990, see section
    1301 of Pub. L. 101-508, set out as a note under section 511r of
    this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Part C - Sustainable Agriculture Technology
                  Development and Transfer Program               01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Part C - Sustainable Agriculture Technology Development and
         Transfer Program
    .
 
-HEAD-
    Part C - Sustainable Agriculture Technology Development and
    Transfer Program
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5831                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Part C - Sustainable Agriculture Technology Development and
         Transfer Program
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5831. Technical guides and handbooks
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Development
      Not later than two years after November 28, 1990, the Secretary
    shall develop and make available handbooks and technical guides,
    and any other educational materials that are appropriate for
    describing sustainable agriculture production systems and
    practices, as researched and developed under this subchapter,
    chapter 86 of this title, (FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate
    research programs of the Department.
       (FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.
    (b) Consultation and coordination
      The Secretary shall develop the handbooks, technical guides, and
    educational materials in consultation with the Natural Resources
    Conservation Service and any other appropriate entities designated
    by the Secretary. The Secretary shall coordinate activities
    conducted under this section with those conducted under section
    3861 of title 16.
    (c) Topics of handbooks and guides
      The handbooks and guides, and other educational materials, shall
    include detailed information on the selection of crops and
    crop-plant varieties, rotation practices, soil building practices,
    tillage systems, nutrient management, integrated pest management
    practices, habitat protection, pest, weed, and disease management,
    livestock management, soil, water, and energy conservation, and any
    other practices in accordance with or in furtherance of the purpose
    of this subchapter.
    (d) Organization and contents
      The handbooks and guides, and other educational materials, shall
    provide practical instructions and be organized in such a manner as
    to enable agricultural producers desiring to implement the
    practices and systems developed under this subchapter, chapter 86
    of this title, (FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate research programs
    of the Department to address site-specific, environmental and
    resource management problems and to sustain farm profitability,
    including -
        (1) enhancing and maintaining the fertility, productivity, and
      conservation of farmland and ranch soils, ranges, pastures, and
      wildlife;
        (2) maximizing the efficient and effective use of agricultural
      inputs;
        (3) protecting or enhancing the quality of water resources; or
        (4) optimizing the use of on-farm and nonrenewable resources.
    (e) Availability
      The Secretary shall ensure that handbooks and technical guides,
    and other educational materials are made available to the
    agricultural community and the public through colleges and
    universities, the State Cooperative Extension Service, the Soil
    Conservation Service, other State and Federal agencies, and any
    other appropriate entities.
    (f) Authorization of appropriations
      There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be
    necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1628, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3740; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(3), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1864; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 860(c)(3), 862(b)(3),
    Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1174.)
 
-REFTEXT-
                             REFERENCES IN TEXT
      This subchapter, referred to in subsecs. (a), (c), and (d), was
    in the original ''this subtitle'', meaning subtitle B (Sec.
    1619-1629) of title XVI of Pub. L. 101-624, Nov. 28, 1990, 104
    Stat. 3733, which enacted this subchapter, repealed sections 4701
    to 4710 of this title, and repealed provisions set out as a note
    under section 4701 of this title.  For complete classification of
    subtitle B to the Code, see Tables.
      Chapter 86 of this title, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (d),
    was in the original ''subtitle G of title XIV'', meaning subtitle G
    (Sec. 1481-1485) of title XIV of Pub. L. 101-624, which was
    repealed by Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(c), June 23, 1998,
    112 Stat. 563.
 
-MISC2-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 862(b)(3), struck out
    ''section 5881 of this title,'' before ''and other appropriate''.
      Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(c)(3), substituted
    ''Natural Resources Conservation Service'' for ''Advisory Council,
    the Soil Conservation Service,''.
      Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 862(b)(3), struck out
    ''section 5881 of this title,'' before ''and other appropriate'' in
    introductory provisions.
      1991 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''educational''
    for ''education''.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in title 16 section 3862.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5832                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
    Part C - Sustainable Agriculture Technology Development and
         Transfer Program
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5832. National Training Program
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) In general
      The Secretary shall establish a National Training Program in
    Sustainable Agriculture to provide education and training for
    Cooperative Extension Service agents and other professionals
    involved in the education and transfer of technical information
    concerning sustainable agriculture in order to develop their
    understanding, competence, and ability to teach and communicate the
    concepts of sustainable agriculture to Cooperative Extension
    Service agents and to farmers and urban residents who need
    information on sustainable agriculture.
    (b) Administration
      The National Training Program shall be organized and administered
    by the Extension Service, in coordination with other appropriate
    Federal agencies.  The Secretary shall designate an individual from
    the Cooperative Extension Service in each State to coordinate the
    National Training Program within that State. The coordinators shall
    be responsible, in cooperation with appropriate Federal and State
    agencies, for developing and implementing a statewide training
    program for appropriate field office personnel.
    (c) Required training
      (1) Agricultural agents
        The Secretary shall ensure that all agricultural agents of the
      Cooperative Extension Service have completed the National
      Training Program not later than the end of the five-year period
      beginning on November 28, 1990. Such training may occur at a
      college or university located within each State as designated by
      the coordinator designated under this section.
      (2) Proof of training
        Beginning three years after November 28, 1990, the Secretary
      shall ensure that all new Cooperative Extension Service agents
      employed by such Service are able to demonstrate, not later than
      18 months after the employment of such agents, that such agents
      have completed the training program established in subsection (a)
      of this section.
    (d) Regional training centers
      (1) Designation
        The Secretary shall designate not less than two regional
      training centers to coordinate and administer educational
      activities in sustainable agriculture as provided for in this
      section.
      (2) Training program
        Such centers shall offer intensive instructional programs
      involving classroom and field training work for extension
      specialists and other individuals who are required to transmit
      technical information.
      (3) Prohibition on construction
        Such centers shall be located at existing facilities, and no
      funds appropriated to carry out this part shall be used for
      facility construction.
      (4) Administration
        Such centers should be administered by entities that have a
      demonstrated capability relating to sustainable agriculture.  The
      Secretary should consider utilizing existing entities with
      expertise in sustainable agriculture to assist in the design and
      implementation of the training program under paragraph (2).
      (5) Coordination of resources
        Such centers shall make use of information generated by the
      Department of Agriculture and the State agricultural experiment
      stations, and the practical experience of farmers, especially
      those cooperating in on-farm demonstrations and research
      projects, in carrying out the functions of such centers.
    (e) Competitive grants
      (1) In General
        The Secretary shall establish a competitive grants program to
      award grants to organizations, including land-grant colleges and
      universities, to carry out sustainable agricultural training for
      county agents and other individuals that need basic information
      concerning sustainable agriculture practices.
      (2) Short courses
        The purpose of the grants made available under paragraph (1)
      shall be to establish, in various regions in the United States,
      training programs that consist of workshops and short courses
      designed to familiarize participants with the concepts and
      importance of sustainable agriculture.
    (f) Regional specialists
      To assist county agents and farmers implement production
    practices developed under this subchapter, chapter 86 of this
    title, (FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate research programs of the
    Department, regional sustainable agriculture specialists may be
    designated within each State who shall report to the State
    coordinator of that State. The specialists shall be responsible for
    developing and coordinating local dissemination of sustainable
    agriculture information in a manner that is useful to farmers in
    the region.
       (FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.
    (g) Information availability
      The Cooperative Extension Service within each State shall
    transfer information developed under this subchapter, chapter 86 of
    this title, (FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate research programs of
    the Department through a program that shall -
        (1) assist in developing farmer-to-farmer information exchange
      networks to enable farmers making transitions to more sustainable
      farming systems to share ideas and draw on the experiences of
      other farmers;
        (2) help coordinate and publicize a regular series of
      sustainable agriculture farm tours and field days within each
      State;
        (3) plan for extension programming, including extensive farmer
      input and feedback, in the design of new and ongoing research
      endeavors related to sustainable agriculture;
        (4) provide technical assistance to individual farmers in the
      design and implementation of farm management plans and strategies
      for making a transition to more sustainable agricultural systems;
        (5) consult and work closely with the Soil Conservation Service
      and the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service in
      carrying out the information, technical assistance, and related
      programs;
        (6) develop, coordinate, and direct special education and
      outreach programs in areas highly susceptible to groundwater
      contamination, linking sustainable agriculture information with
      water quality improvement information;
        (7) develop information sources relating to crop
      diversification, alternative crops, on-farm food or commodity
      processing, and on-farm energy generation;
        (8) establish a well-water testing program designed to provide
      those persons dependent upon underground drinking water supplies
      with an understanding of the need for regular water testing,
      information on sources of testing, and an understanding of how to
      interpret test results and provide for the protection of
      underground water supplies;
        (9) provide specific information on water quality practices
      developed through the research programs in chapter 86 of this
      title; (FOOTNOTE 1)
        (10) provide specific information on nutrient management
      practices developed through the research programs in chapter 86
      of this title; (FOOTNOTE 1) and
        (11) provide information concerning whole-farm management
      systems integrating research results under this subchapter,
      chapter 86 of this title, (FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate
      research programs of the Department.
    (h) ''Appropriate field office personnel'' defined
      For purposes of this section, the term ''appropriate field office
    personnel'' includes employees of the Extension Service, Soil
    Conservation Service, and other appropriate Department of
    Agriculture personnel, as determined by the Secretary, whose
    activities involve the provision of agricultural production and
    conservation information to agricultural producers.
    (i) Authorization of appropriations
      There are authorized to be appropriated $20,000,000 for each
    fiscal year to carry out the National Training Program.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1629, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3741; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(4), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1864; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 862(b)(4), Apr. 4,
    1996, 110 Stat. 1174; Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 606(f), June
    23, 1998, 112 Stat. 604.)
 
-REFTEXT-
                             REFERENCES IN TEXT
      Chapter 86 of this title, referred to in subsecs. (f) and (g),
    was in the original ''subtitle G of title XIV'', meaning subtitle G
    (Sec. 1481-1485) of title XIV of Pub. L. 101-624, which was
    repealed by Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(c), June 23, 1998,
    112 Stat. 563.
 
-MISC2-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1998 - Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105-185 struck out ''section 5881 of
    this title,'' before ''and other appropriate research'' in
    introductory provisions.
      1996 - Subsecs. (f), (g)(11). Pub. L. 104-127 struck out
    ''section 5881 of this title,'' before ''and other appropriate''.
      1991 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''ensure'' for
    ''insure''.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM    01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM
    .
 
-HEAD-
    SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5841                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5841. Establishment, purpose, and functions of National
        Genetic Resources Program
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) In general
      The Secretary of Agriculture shall provide for a National Genetic
    Resources Program.
    (b) Purpose
      The program is established for the purpose of maintaining and
    enhancing a program providing for the collection, preservation, and
    dissemination of genetic material of importance to American food
    and agriculture production.
    (c) Administration
      The program shall be administered by the Secretary through the
    Agricultural Research Service.
    (d) Functions
      The Secretary, acting through the program, shall -
        (1) provide for the collection, classification, preservation,
      and dissemination of genetic material of importance to the food
      and agriculture sectors of the United States;
        (2) conduct research on the genetic materials collected and on
      methods for storage and preservation of those materials;
        (3) coordinate the activities of the program with similar
      activities occurring domestically;
        (4) unless otherwise prohibited by law, have the right to make
      available on request, without charge and without regard to the
      country from which the request originates, the genetic material
      that the program assembles;
        (5) expand the types of genetic resources included in the
      program to develop a comprehensive genetic resources program
      which includes plants (including silvicultural species), animal,
      aquatic, insect, microbiological, and other types of genetic
      resources of importance to food and agriculture, as resources
      permit; and
        (6) engage in such other activities as the Secretary determines
      appropriate and as the resources of the program permit.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1632, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3744; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 832(a), Apr. 4, 1996, 110
    Stat. 1168.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 104-127 added par. (4) and struck
    out former par. (4) which read as follows: ''make available upon
    request, without charge and without regard to the country from
    which such request originates, the genetic material which the
    program assembles;''.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in section 5842 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5842                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5842. Appointment and authority of Director
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Director
      There shall be at the head of the program an official to be known
    as the Director of the National Genetic Resources Program who shall
    be appointed by the Secretary. The Director shall perform such
    duties as are assigned to the Director by this subchapter and such
    other duties as the Secretary may prescribe.
    (b) Administrative authority
      In carrying out this subchapter, the Secretary, acting through
    the Director -
        (1) shall be responsible for the overall direction of the
      program and for the establishment and implementation of general
      policies respecting the management and operation of activities
      within the program;
        (2) may secure for the program consultation services and advice
      of persons from the United States and abroad;
        (3) may accept voluntary and uncompensated services; and
        (4) may perform such other administrative functions as the
      Secretary determines are needed to effectively carry out this
      subchapter.
    (c) Duties
      The Director shall -
        (1) advise participants on the program activities;
        (2) coordinate, review and facilitate the systematic
      identification and evaluation of, relevant information generated
      under the program;
        (3) promote the effective transfer of the information described
      in paragraph (2) to the agriculture and food production community
      and to entities that require such information; and
        (4) monitor the effectiveness of the activities described in
      paragraph (3).
    (d) Biennial reports
      The Director shall prepare and transmit to the Secretary and to
    the Congress a biennial report containing -
        (1) a description of the activities carried out by and through
      the program and the policies of the program, and such
      recommendations respecting such activities and policies as the
      Director considers to be appropriate;
        (2) a description of the necessity for, and progress achieved
      toward providing, additional programs and activities designed to
      include the range of genetic resources described in section
      5841(d)(5) of this title in the activities of the program; and
        (3) an assessment of events and activities occurring
      internationally as they relate to the activities and policies of
      the program.
    (e) Initial reports
      Not later than one year after November 28, 1990, the Director
    shall transmit to the Secretary and to the Congress a report -
        (1) describing the projected needs over a 10-year period in
      each of the areas of genetic resources described in section
      5841(d)(5) of this title, including the identification of
      existing components of a comprehensive program, policies and
      activities needed to coordinate those components, and additional
      elements not in existence which are required for the development
      of a comprehensive genetic resources program as described in such
      section;
        (2) assessing the international efforts and activities related
      to the program, and their effect upon and coordination with the
      program; and
        (3) evaluating the potential effect of various national laws,
      including national quarantine requirements, as well as treaties,
      agreements, and the activities of international organizations on
      the development of a comprehensive international system for the
      collection and maintenance of genetic resources of importance to
      agriculture.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1633, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3744; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 404(a)(2), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1864.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1991 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''Resources
    Program'' for ''Resources program''.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in section 5843 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5843                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5843. Advisory council
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Establishment and membership
      The Secretary shall establish an advisory council for the program
    for the purpose of advising, assisting, consulting with, and making
    recommendations to, the Secretary and Director concerning matters
    related to the activities, policies and operations of the program.
    The advisory council shall consist of ex officio members and not
    more than nine members appointed by the Secretary.
    (b) Ex officio members
      The ex officio members of the advisory council shall consist of
    the following persons (or their designees):
        (1) The Director.
        (2) The Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Science and
      Education.
        (3) The Director of the National Agricultural Library.
        (4) The Director of the National Institutes of Health.
        (5) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
        (6) The Secretary of Energy.
        (7) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology
      Policy.
        (8) Such additional officers and employees of the United States
      as the Secretary determines are necessary for the advisory
      council to effectively carry out its functions.
    (c) Appointment of other members
      The members of the advisory council who are not ex officio
    members shall be appointed by the Secretary as follows:
        (1) Two-thirds of the members shall be appointed from among the
      leading representatives of the scientific disciplines relevant to
      the activities of the program, including agricultural sciences,
      environmental sciences, natural resource sciences, health
      sciences, and nutritional sciences.
        (2) One-third of the members shall be appointed from the
      general public and shall include leaders in fields of public
      policy, trade, international development, law, or management.
    (d) Compensation
      Members of the advisory council shall serve without compensation,
    if not otherwise officers or employees of the United States, except
    that they shall, while away from their homes or regular places of
    business in the performance of services for the advisory council,
    be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of
    subsistence, in the same manner as persons employed intermittently
    in the Government service are allowed expenses under sections 5701
    through 5707 of title 5.
    (e) Term of office of appointees; vacancies
      (1) Term
        The term of office of a member appointed under subsection (c)
      of this section is four years, except that any member appointed
      to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for
      which the predecessor of such member was appointed shall be
      appointed only for the remainder of such term.
      (2) Initial appointment
        The Secretary shall make appointments to the advisory council
      so as to ensure that the terms of the members appointed under
      subsection (c) of this section do not all expire in the same
      year.  A member may serve after the expiration of the member's
      term until a successor takes office.
      (3) Reappointment
        A member who is appointed for a term of four years may not be
      reappointed to the advisory council before two years after the
      date of expiration of such term of office.
      (4) Vacancies
        If a vacancy occurs in the advisory council among the members
      appointed under subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary
      shall make an appointment to fill such vacancy within 90 days
      after the date such vacancy occurs.
    (f) Chair
      The Secretary shall select as the chair of the advisory council
    one of the members appointed under subsection (c) of this section.
    The term of office of the chair shall be two years.
    (g) Meetings
      The advisory council shall meet at the call of the chair or on
    the request of the Director, but at least two times each fiscal
    year.  The location of the meetings of the advisory council shall
    be subject to the approval of the Director.
    (h) Staff
      The Director shall make available to the advisory council such
    staff, information, and other assistance as it may require to carry
    out its functions.
    (i) Orientation and training
      The Director shall provide such orientation and training for new
    members of the advisory council as may be appropriate for their
    effective participation in the functions of the advisory council.
    (j) Comments and recommendations
      The advisory council may prepare, for inclusion in a report
    submitted under section 5842 of this title -
        (1) comments respecting the activities of the advisory council
      during the period covered by the report;
        (2) comments on the progress of the program in meeting its
      objectives; and
        (3) recommendations respecting the future directions, program,
      and policy emphasis of the program.
    (k) Reports
      The advisory council may prepare such reports as the advisory
    council determines to be appropriate.
    (l) Application of Advisory Committee Act
      Section 14(a) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C.
    App.) relating to the termination of an advisory committee shall
    not apply to the advisory council established under this section.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1634, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3745; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(5), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1864.)
 
-REFTEXT-
                             REFERENCES IN TEXT
      Section 14(a) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to
    in subsec. (l), is section 14(a) of Pub. L. 92-463, which is set
    out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and
    Employees.
 
-MISC2-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1991 - Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''council
    established'' for ''committee established''.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5844                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5844. Definitions and authorization of appropriations
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Definitions
      For purposes of this subchapter:
        (1) The term ''program'' means the National Genetic Resources
      Program.
        (2) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture.
        (3) The term ''Director'' means the Director of the National
      Genetic Resources Program.
    (b) Authorization of appropriations
      There are authorized to be appropriated such funds as may be
    necessary to carry out this subchapter for each of the fiscal years
    1991 through 2002.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1635, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3747; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 832(b), Apr. 4, 1996, 110
    Stat. 1168; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(b)(1), June 23,
    1998, 112 Stat. 562.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1998 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''2002'' for
    ''1997''.
      1996 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for
    ''1995''.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER
                  INFORMATION SYSTEM                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM
    .
 
-HEAD-
    SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5851                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5851. Short title and purposes
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Short title
      This subchapter may be cited as the ''National Agricultural
    Weather Information System Act of 1990''.
    (b) Purposes
      The purposes of this subchapter are -
        (1) to provide a nationally coordinated agricultural weather
      information system, based on the participation of universities,
      State programs, Federal agencies, and the private weather
      consulting sector, and aimed at meeting the weather and climate
      information needs of agricultural producers;
        (2) to facilitate the collection, organization, and
      dissemination of advisory weather and climate information
      relevant to agricultural producers, through the participation of
      the private sector and otherwise;
        (3) to provide for research and education on agricultural
      weather and climate information, aimed at improving the quality
      and quantity of weather and climate information available to
      agricultural producers, including research on short-term
      forecasts of thunderstorms and on extended weather forecasting
      techniques and models;
        (4) to encourage, where feasible, greater private sector
      participation in providing agricultural weather and climate
      information, to encourage private sector participation in
      educating and training farmers and others in the proper
      utilization of agricultural weather and climate information, and
      to strengthen their ability to provide site-specific weather
      forecasting for farmers and the agricultural sector in general;
      and
        (5) to ensure that the weather and climate data bases needed by
      the agricultural sector are of the highest scientific accuracy
      and thoroughly documented, and that such data bases are easily
      accessible for remote computer access.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1637, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3747.)
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5852                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5852. Agricultural Weather Office
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Establishment of Office and administration of system
      (1) Establishment required
        The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish in the Department
      of Agriculture an Agricultural Weather Office to plan and
      administer the National Agricultural Weather Information System.
      The system shall be comprised of the office established under
      this section and the activities of the State agricultural weather
      information systems described in section 5854 of this title.
      (2) Director
        The Secretary shall appoint a Director to manage the activities
      of the Agricultural Weather Office and to advise the Secretary on
      scientific and programmatic coordination for climate, weather,
      and remote sensing.
    (b) Authority
      The Secretary, acting through the Office, may undertake the
    following activities to carry out this subchapter:
        (1) Enter into cooperative projects with the National Weather
      Service to -
          (A) support operational weather forecasting and observation
        useful in agriculture;
          (B) sponsor joint workshops to train agriculturalists about
        the optimum utilization of agricultural weather and climate
        data;
          (C) jointly develop improved computer models and computing
        capacity; and
          (D) enhance the quality and availability of weather and
        climate information needed by agriculturalists.
        (2) Obtain standardized weather observation data collected in
      near real time through State agricultural weather information
      systems.
        (3) Make, through the Cooperative State Research Service,
      competitive grants under subsection (c) of this section for
      research in atmospheric sciences and climatology.
        (4) Make grants to eligible States under section 5854 of this
      title to plan and administer State agricultural weather
      information systems.
        (5) Coordinate the activities of the Office with the weather
      and climate research activities of the Cooperative State Research
      Service, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Science
      Foundation Atmospheric Services Program, and the National Climate
      Program.
        (6) Encourage private sector participation in the National
      Agricultural Weather Information System through mutually
      beneficial cooperation with the private sector, particularly in
      generating weather and climatic data useful for site-specific
      agricultural weather forecasting.
    (c) Competitive grants program
      (1) Grants authorized
        With funds allocated to carry out this subsection, the
      Secretary of Agriculture may make grants to State agricultural
      experiment stations, all colleges and universities, other
      research institutions and organizations, Federal agencies,
      private organizations and corporations, and individuals to carry
      out research in all aspects of atmospheric sciences and
      climatology that can be shown to be important in both a basic and
      developmental way to understanding, forecasting, and delivering
      agricultural weather information.
      (2) Competitive basis
        Grants made under this subsection shall be made on a
      competitive basis.
    (d) Priority
      In selecting among applications for grants under subsection (c)
    of this section, the Secretary shall give priority to proposals
    which emphasize -
        (1) techniques and processes that relate to weather-induced
      agricultural losses, and to improving the advisory information on
      weather extremes such as drought, floods, freezes, and storms
      well in advance of their actual occurrence;
        (2) the improvement of site-specific weather data collection
      and forecasting; or
        (3) the impact of weather on economic and environmental costs
      in agricultural production.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1638, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3748; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(6), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1865.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1991 - Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''National
    Science Foundation'' for ''National Sciences Foundation''.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in section 5855 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5853                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5853. National Advisory Board on Agricultural Weather
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Establishment
      The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish the Advisory Board
    on Agricultural Weather (hereinafter referred to in this section as
    the ''Board'') to advise the Director of the Agricultural Weather
    Office with respect to carrying out this subchapter.
    (b) Composition
      The Board shall be composed of nine members, appointed by the
    Secretary in consultation with the Director of the National Weather
    Service. Two of the members shall be from each of the four regions
    of the cooperative extension service.  Of the two members from each
    region, one shall be an agricultural producer and one shall be an
    agricultural or atmospheric scientist.  At least two members of the
    Board shall be appointed from among individuals who are engaged in
    providing private meteorology services or consulting with a private
    meteorology firm.
    (c) Chairperson
      The Board shall elect a chairperson from among its members.
    (d) Term
      Each Board member shall be appointed for a three-year term,
    except that to ensure that members of the Board serve staggered
    terms, the Secretary shall appoint three of the original members of
    the Board to appointments for one year, and three of the original
    members to appointments for two years.
    (e) Meetings
      The Board shall meet not less than twice annually.
    (f) Compensation
      Members of the Board shall serve without compensation, but while
    away from their homes or regular places of business in the
    performance of services for the Board, members of the Board shall
    be allowed travel expenses, including a per diem allowance in lieu
    of subsistence, in the same manner as individuals employed in
    Government service are allowed travel expenses under section 5703
    of title 5.
    (g) Federal Advisory Committee Act
      Section 14(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C.
    App.) shall not apply with respect to the Board.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1639, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3749; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(7), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1865.)
 
-REFTEXT-
                             REFERENCES IN TEXT
      Section 14(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred
    to in subsec. (g), is section 14(a)(2) of Pub. L. 92-463, which is
    set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and
    Employees.
 
-MISC2-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1991 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-237 made technical amendment to
    reference to this subchapter to correct reference to corresponding
    provision of original act.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5854                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5854. State agricultural weather information systems
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Advisory program grants
      (1) Grants required
        With funds allocated to carry out this section, the Secretary
      of Agriculture shall make grants to not fewer than 10 eligible
      States to plan and administer, in cooperation with persons
      described in paragraph (2), advisory programs for State
      agricultural weather information systems.
      (2) Persons described
        The persons referred to in paragraph (1) are the Director of
      the Agricultural Weather Office, the Administrator of the
      Extension Service, the Administrator of the Cooperative State
      Research Service, and other persons as appropriate (such as the
      directors of the appropriate State agricultural experiment
      stations and State extension programs).
    (b) Consultation
      For purposes of selecting among applications submitted by States
    for grants under this section, the Secretary shall take into
    consideration the recommendation of the Advisory Board on
    Agricultural Weather and consult with the Director.
    (c) Eligibility requirements
      To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, the chief
    executive officer of a State shall submit to the Secretary an
    application that contains -
        (1) assurances that the State will expend such grant to plan
      and administer a State agricultural weather system that will -
          (A) collect observational weather data throughout the State
        and provide such data to the National Weather Service and the
        Agricultural Weather Office;
          (B) develop methods for packaging information received from
        the national system for use by agricultural producers (with
        State Cooperative Extension Services and the private sector to
        serve as the primary conduit of agricultural weather forecasts
        and climatic information to producers); and
          (C) develop programs to educate agricultural producers on how
        to best use weather and climate information to improve
        management decisions; and
        (2) such other assurances and information as the Secretary may
      require by rule.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1640, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3749.)
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in sections 5852, 5855 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5855                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5855. Funding
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Allocation of funds
      (1) Cooperative work
        Not less than 15 percent and not more than 25 percent of the
      funds appropriated for a fiscal year to carry out this subchapter
      shall be used for cooperative work with the National Weather
      Service entered into under section 5852(b)(1) of this title.
      (2) Competitive grants program
        Not less than 15 percent and not more than 25 percent of such
      funds shall be used by the Cooperative State Research Service for
      a competitive grants program under section 5852(c) of this title.
      (3) Weather information systems
        Not less than 25 percent and not more than 35 percent of such
      funds shall be divided equally between the participating States
      selected for that fiscal year under section 5854 of this title.
      (4) Other purposes
        The remaining funds shall be allocated for use by the
      Agricultural Weather Office and the Extension Service in carrying
      out generally the provisions of this subchapter.
    (b) Limitations on use of funds
      Funds provided under the authority of this subchapter shall not
    be used for the construction of facilities.  Each State or agency
    receiving funds shall not use more than 30 percent of such funds
    for equipment purchases.  Any use of the funds in facilitating the
    distribution of agricultural and climate information to producers
    shall be done with consideration for the role that the private
    meteorological sector can play in such information delivery.
    (c) Authorization of appropriations
      There are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 to carry out
    this subchapter for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 1997.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1641, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3750; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 833, Apr. 4, 1996, 110
    Stat. 1168.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for
    ''1995''.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC SUBCHAPTER IV - RESEARCH REGARDING PRODUCTION,
                  PREPARATION, PROCESSING, HANDLING, AND
                  STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS               01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER IV - RESEARCH REGARDING PRODUCTION, PREPARATION,
         PROCESSING, HANDLING, AND STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
    .
 
-HEAD-
    SUBCHAPTER IV - RESEARCH REGARDING PRODUCTION, PREPARATION,
    PROCESSING, HANDLING, AND STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5871 to 5874                                     01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER IV - RESEARCH REGARDING PRODUCTION, PREPARATION,
         PROCESSING, HANDLING, AND STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5871 to 5874. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 861,
        Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1174
 
-MISC1-
      Section 5871, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1644, Nov. 28,
    1990, 104 Stat. 3751, provided for establishment of research and
    grant program.
      Section 5872, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1645, Nov. 28,
    1990, 104 Stat. 3752, related to advisory committee and grant
    process.
      Section 5873, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1646, Nov. 28,
    1990, 104 Stat. 3753, provided for reports to Congress.
      Section 5874, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1647, Nov. 28,
    1990, 104 Stat. 3754, provided for appropriations for research and
    grant program.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC SUBCHAPTER V - PLANT AND ANIMAL PEST AND DISEASE
                  CONTROL PROGRAM                                01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER V - PLANT AND ANIMAL PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM
    .
 
-HEAD-
    SUBCHAPTER V - PLANT AND ANIMAL PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5881 to 5885                                     01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER V - PLANT AND ANIMAL PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5881 to 5885. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec.
        862(a), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1174
 
-MISC1-
      Section 5881, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1650, Nov. 28,
    1990, 104 Stat. 3754, related to plant and animal pest and disease
    control program.
      Section 5882, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1651, Nov. 28,
    1990, 104 Stat. 3754, related to pest and disease control data base
    and pesticide resistance monitoring.
      Section 5883, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1652, Nov. 28,
    1990, 104 Stat. 3755; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(8), Dec.
    13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1865, related to research on control and
    eradication of exotic pests.
      Section 5884, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1653, Nov. 28,
    1990, 104 Stat. 3755, provided for study of biology and behavior of
    chinch bugs.
      Section 5885, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1654, Nov. 28,
    1990, 104 Stat. 3756, authorized appropriations for plant, pest,
    and disease control program.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
                  AND COMMERCIALIZATION                          01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
         COMMERCIALIZATION
    .
 
-HEAD-
    SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
    COMMERCIALIZATION
 
-SECREF-
                  SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This subchapter is referred to in sections 917, 2204f, 6911,
    6944, 7621 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5901                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
         COMMERCIALIZATION
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5901. Short title, purposes, and definitions
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Short title
      This subchapter may be cited as the ''Alternative Agricultural
    Research and Commercialization Act of 1990''.
    (b) Purpose
      Through the encouragement of and the provision of assistance to
    agricultural research, development, and commercialization, it is
    the purpose of this subchapter -
        (1) to authorize research in modification of agricultural
      commodities, and associated research, in order to develop and
      produce marketable products other than food, feed, or traditional
      forest or fiber products;
        (2) to commercialize new nonfood, nonfeed uses for traditional
      and new agricultural commodities in order to create jobs, enhance
      the economic development of the rural economy, and diversify
      markets for raw agricultural and forestry products;
        (3) to encourage cooperative development and marketing efforts
      among manufacturers, financiers, universities, and private and
      government laboratories in order to assist the commercialization
      of new nonfood, nonfeed uses for agricultural and forestry
      products;
        (4) to direct, to the maximum extent possible, research and
      commercialization efforts toward the production of new nonfood,
      nonfeed products from agricultural commodities that can be raised
      by family-sized agricultural producers; and
        (5) to foster economic development in rural areas of the United
      States through the introduction of new nonfood, nonfeed products
      obtained from agricultural commodities.
    (c) Definitions
      For purposes of this subchapter:
        (1) The term ''agricultural commodity'' means a plant or animal
      species (including a species propagated or raised in a controlled
      environment or a tree species) and the products derived from that
      species.
        (2) The term ''alternative agricultural product'' means a new
      use, application, or material that -
          (A) is derived from an agricultural commodity; and
          (B) is not in widespread commercial use and is not expected
        to significantly displace a use, application, or material
        derived from an agricultural commodity that already is in
        widespread commercial use.
        (3) The term ''commercialization'' or ''commercialize''
      includes -
          (A) activities associated with the development of alternative
        agricultural products or industrial plants;
          (B) the application of technology and techniques to the
        development of industrial products and alternative agricultural
        products; and
          (C) the market development of new nonfood, nonfeed uses of
        new and traditional agricultural commodities and processes that
        will lead to the creation of goods and services that may be
        marketed for profit.
        (4) Corporate board. - The term ''Corporate Board'' means the
      Board of Directors of the Corporation described in section 5903
      of this title.
        (5) Corporation. - The term ''Corporation'' means the
      Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization
      Corporation established under section 5902 of this title.
        (6) Executive director. - The term ''Executive Director'' means
      the Executive Director of the Corporation appointed under section
      5903(e) of this title.
        (7) The term ''Fund'' means the Alternative Agricultural
      Research and Commercialization Revolving Fund.
        (8) The term ''host institution'' means an existing entity that
      is located in the region that is -
          (A) a university or other institution of higher education;
          (B) a Department of Agriculture laboratory;
          (C) a State agricultural experiment station;
          (D) a State cooperative extension service facility; or
          (E) another organization that is involved in the development
        or commercialization of new nonfood, nonfeed uses for
        agricultural commodities, or is involved in rural economic
        development.
        (9) The term ''new nonfood, nonfeed product development'' means
      targeted research, including fundamental and applied research,
      concerning -
          (A) the production and processing of agricultural commodities
        for the purposes of developing new nonfood, nonfeed products;
          (B) the uses of new nonfood, nonfeed products; and
          (C) steps necessary to make a nonfood, nonfeed product
        available for the marketplace.
        (10) The term ''new nonfood, nonfeed product'' means an item
      that is primarily not a food, feed, or traditional forest or
      fiber product, including an item that exists but is not
      commercially available from an agricultural commodity.
        (11) The term ''nonprofit organization'' means an organization
      that is -
          (A) described in section 501(c) of title 26; and
          (B) exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of title 26.
        (12) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture.
        (13) The term ''traditional forest or fiber product'' means a
      forest or fiber product that is derived from forest or
      agricultural materials and does not have substantial new
      properties.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1657, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3756; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 721, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.
    1112.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 721(1), (2),
    redesignated par. (5) as (3) and struck out former par. (3) which
    read as follows: ''The term 'Board' means the Alternative
    Agricultural Research and Commercialization Board.''
      Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 721(1), (4), added par. (4)
    and struck out former par. (4) which read as follows: ''The term
    'Center' means the Alternative Agricultural Research and
    Commercialization Center.''
      Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 721(2), (4), added par. (5)
    and redesignated former par. (5) as (3).
      Subsec. (c)(6) to (13). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 721(3), (4), added
    par. (6) and redesignated former pars. (6) to (12) as (7) to (13),
    respectively.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in section 5909 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5902                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
         COMMERCIALIZATION
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5902. Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization
        Corporation
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Establishment
      To carry out this subchapter, there is created a body corporate
    to be known as the Alternative Agricultural Research and
    Commercialization Corporation, which shall be an agency of the
    United States, within the Department of Agriculture, subject to the
    general supervision and direction of the Secretary, except as
    specifically provided for in this subchapter.
    (b) Purpose
      The purpose of the Corporation is to -
        (1) expedite the development and market penetration of
      industrial, nonfood, nonfeed products from agricultural and
      forestry materials; and
        (2) assist the private sector in bridging the gap between the
      results of research into nonfood, nonfeed products and the
      commercialization of the research.
    (c) Place of incorporation
      The Corporation shall be incorporated in the District of
    Columbia.
    (d) Central office
      The Secretary shall provide facilities for the principal office
    of the Corporation within the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area.
    (e) Wholly-owned Government corporation
      The Corporation shall be considered a wholly-owned government
    (FOOTNOTE 1) corporation in accordance with chapter 91 of title 31.
       (FOOTNOTE 1) So in original.  Probably should be capitalized.
    (f) General powers
      In addition to any other powers granted to the Corporation under
    this subchapter, the Corporation -
        (1) shall have succession in its corporate name;
        (2) may adopt, alter, and rescind any bylaw and adopt and alter
      a corporate seal, which shall be judicially noticed;
        (3) may enter into any agreement or contract with a person or
      private or governmental agency, except that the Corporation shall
      not provide any financial assistance unless specifically
      authorized by this subchapter;
        (4) may lease, purchase, accept a gift or donation of, or
      otherwise acquire, use, own, hold, improve, or otherwise deal in
      or with, and sell, convey, mortgage, pledge, lease, exchange, or
      otherwise dispose of, any property or interest in property, as
      the Corporation considers necessary in the transaction of the
      business of the Corporation, except that this paragraph shall not
      provide authority for carrying out a program of real estate
      investment;
        (5) may sue and be sued in the corporate name of the
      Corporation, except that -
          (A) no attachment, injunction, garnishment, or similar
        process shall be issued against the Corporation or property of
        the Corporation; and
          (B) exclusive original jurisdiction shall reside in the
        district courts of the United States, but the Corporation may
        intervene in any court in any suit, action, or proceeding in
        which the Corporation has an interest;
        (6) may independently retain legal representation;
        (7) may provide for and designate such committees, and the
      functions of the committees, as the Corporate Board considers
      necessary or desirable;
        (8) may indemnify the Executive Director and other officers of
      the Corporation, as the Corporate Board considers necessary and
      desirable, except that the Executive Director and officers shall
      not be indemnified for an act outside the scope of employment;
        (9) may, with the consent of any board, commission, independent
      establishment, or executive department of the Federal Government,
      including any field service, use information, services,
      facilities, officials, and employees in carrying out this
      subchapter, and pay for the use, which payments shall be
      transferred to the applicable appropriation account that incurred
      the expense;
        (10) may obtain the services and fix the compensation of any
      consultant and otherwise procure temporary and intermittent
      services under section 3109(b) of title 5;
        (11) may use the United States mails on the same terms and
      conditions as the Executive agencies of the Federal Government;
        (12) shall have the rights, privileges, and immunities of the
      United States with respect to the right to priority of payment
      with respect to debts due from bankrupt, insolvent, or deceased
      creditors;
        (13) may collect or compromise any obligations assigned to or
      held by the Corporation, including any legal or equitable rights
      accruing to the Corporation;
        (14) shall determine the character of, and necessity for,
      obligations and expenditures of the Corporation and the manner in
      which the obligations and expenditures shall be incurred,
      allowed, and paid, subject to provisions of law specifically
      applicable to Government corporations;
        (15) may make final and conclusive settlement and adjustment of
      any claim by or against the Corporation or a fiscal officer of
      the Corporation;
        (16) may sell assets, loans, and equity interests acquired in
      connection with the financing of projects funded by the
      Corporation; and
        (17) may exercise all other lawful powers necessarily or
      reasonably related to the establishment of the Corporation to
      carry out this subchapter and the powers, purposes, functions,
      duties, and authorized activities of the Corporation.
    (g) Specific powers
      To carry out this subchapter, the Corporation may -
        (1) make grants to, and enter into cooperative agreements and
      contracts with, eligible applicants for research, development,
      and demonstration projects in accordance with section 5904 of
      this title;
        (2) make loans and interest subsidy payments and invest venture
      capital in accordance with section 5905 of this title;
        (3) collect and disseminate information concerning State,
      regional, and local commercialization projects;
        (4) search for new nonfood, nonfeed products that may be
      produced from agricultural commodities and for processes to
      produce the products;
        (5) administer, maintain, and dispense funds from the Fund to
      facilitate the conduct of activities under this subchapter; and
        (6) engage in other activities incident to carrying out the
      functions of the Corporation.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1658, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3757; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 405(a), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1864; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 722(a), Apr. 4, 1996,
    110 Stat. 1113.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Pub. L. 104-127 amended section generally, substituting
    present provisions for provisions relating to establishment of
    Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization Center,
    including provisions relating to functions, appointment,
    compensation and responsibilities of Director, staff, and experts
    and consultants.
      1991 - Subsec. (d)(2), (3). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''; and''
    for period at end of par. (2) and a period for ''; and'' at end of
    par. (3).
               BUSINESS PLAN AND FEASIBILITY STUDY AND REPORT
      Section 730 of Pub. L. 104-127 provided that:
      ''(a) Business Plan. - Not later than 180 days after the date of
    enactment of this Act (Apr. 4, 1996), the Alternative Agricultural
    Research and Commercialization Corporation established by section
    1658 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990
    (7 U.S.C. 5902) shall -
        ''(1) develop a 5-year business plan pursuant to section
      1659(c)(1)(E) of the Act (7 U.S.C. 5903(c)(1)(E)); and
        ''(2) submit the plan to the Secretary of Agriculture, the
      Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives, and the
      Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.
      ''(b) Feasibility Study and Report. -
        ''(1) Study. - The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct a
      study of, and prepare a report on, the continued feasibility of
      the Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization
      Corporation. In conducting the study, the Secretary shall examine
      options for privatizing the Corporation and converting the
      Corporation to a Government-sponsored enterprise.
        ''(2) Report. - Not later than December 31, 2001, the Secretary
      shall transmit the report required by paragraph (1) to the
      Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the
      Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the
      Senate.''
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in sections 5901, 5903, 7624 of this
    title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5903                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
         COMMERCIALIZATION
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5903. Board of directors, employees, and facilities
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) In general
      The powers of the Corporation shall be vested in a Corporate
    Board.
    (b) Members of Corporate Board
      The Corporate Board shall consist of 11 members as follows:
        (1) The Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development.
        (2) The Under Secretary of Agriculture for Research, Education,
      and Economics.
        (3) 5 members appointed by the Secretary, of whom -
          (A) at least 1 member shall be a representative of the
        leading scientific disciplines relevant to the activities of
        the Corporation;
          (B) at least 1 member shall be a producer or processor of
        agricultural commodities;
          (C) at least 1 member shall be a person who is privately
        engaged in the commercialization of new nonfood, nonfeed
        products from agricultural commodities; and
          (D) at least 1 member shall have expertise in financial
        management.
      A different member shall be appointed pursuant to each
      subparagraph of this paragraph.
        (4) 2 members appointed by the Secretary who -
          (A) have expertise in areas of applied research relating to
        the development or commercialization of new nonfood, nonfeed
        products; and
          (B) shall be appointed from a group of at least 4 individuals
        nominated by the Director of the National Science Foundation if
        the nominations are made not later than 60 days after the date
        a vacancy occurs.
        (5) 2 members appointed by the Secretary who -
          (A) have expertise in financial and managerial matters; and
          (B) shall be appointed from a group of at least 4 individuals
        nominated by the Secretary of Commerce if the nominations are
        made not later than 60 days after the date a vacancy occurs.
    (c) Responsibilities of Corporate Board
      (1) In general
        The Corporate Board shall -
          (A) be responsible for the general supervision of the
        Corporation and Regional Centers established under section 5907
        of this title;
          (B) determine (in consultation with Regional Centers) high
        priority commercialization areas to receive assistance under
        section 5907 of this title;
          (C) review any grant, contract, or cooperative agreement to
        be made or entered into by the Corporation under section 5904
        of this title and any financial assistance to be provided under
        section 5905 of this title;
          (D) make the final decision, by majority vote, on whether and
        how to provide assistance to an applicant; and
          (E) develop and establish a budget plan and a long-term
        operating plan to carry out this subchapter.
      (2) Authority of the Secretary
        (A) In general
          The Secretary shall vacate and remand to the Corporate Board
        for reconsideration any decision made pursuant to paragraph
        (1)(D) if the Secretary determines that there has been a
        violation of subsection (j) of this section, or any conflict of
        interest provisions of the bylaws of the Corporate Board, with
        respect to the decision.
        (B) Reasons
          In the case of any violation and referral of a funding
        decision to the Corporate Board, the Secretary shall inform the
        Corporate Board of the reasons for any remand pursuant to
        subparagraph (A).
    (d) Chairperson
      The members of the Corporate Board shall select a Chairperson
    from among the members of the Corporate Board. The term of office
    of the Chairperson shall be 2 years.  The members referred to in
    paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b) of this section may not
    serve as Chairperson.
    (e) Executive Director
      (1) Appointment
        The Corporate Board shall appoint an Executive Director,
      subject to the approval of the Secretary.
      (2) Duties
        The Executive Director shall be the chief executive officer of
      the Corporation, with such power and authority as may be
      conferred by the Corporate Board.
      (3) Compensation
        The Executive Director shall receive basic pay at the rate
      provided for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section
      5315 of title 5.
    (f) Officers
      The Corporate Board shall establish the offices and appoint the
    officers of the Corporation, including a Secretary, and define the
    duties of the officers in a manner consistent with this subchapter.
    (g) Meetings
      The Corporate Board shall meet at least 3 times each fiscal year
    at the call of the Chairperson or at the request of the Executive
    Director. The location of the meetings shall be subject to approval
    of the Executive Director. A quorum of the Corporate Board shall
    consist of a majority of the members.  The decisions of the
    Corporate Board shall be made by majority vote.
    (h) Term; vacancies
      (1) In general
        The term of office of a member of the Corporate Board shall be
      4 years, except that the members initially appointed shall be
      appointed to serve staggered terms.  A member appointed to fill a
      vacancy for an unexpired term may be appointed only for the
      remainder of the term.  A vacancy on the Corporate Board shall be
      filled in the same manner as the original appointment.  The
      Secretary may remove a member of the Corporate Board only for
      cause.
      (2) Transition measure
        The Secretary may appoint to the Corporate Board an individual
      who, on the day before April 4, 1996, was serving on the former
      Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization Board,
      for a term that does not exceed the term for which the individual
      was appointed to the former Board.
    (i) Compensation
      A member of the Corporate Board who is an officer or employee of
    the United States shall not receive any additional compensation by
    reason of service on the Corporate Board. Any other member shall
    receive, for each day (including travel time) the member is engaged
    in the performance of the functions of the Corporate Board,
    compensation at a rate not to exceed the daily equivalent of the
    annual rate in effect for Level IV of the Executive Schedule. A
    member of the Corporate Board shall be reimbursed for travel,
    subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred by the member in
    the performance of the duties of the member.
    (j) Conflict of interest; financial disclosure
      (1) Conflict of interest
        Except as provided in paragraph (3), no member of the Corporate
      Board shall vote on any matter respecting any application,
      contract, claim, or other particular matter pending before the
      Corporation, in which, to the knowledge of the member, the
      member, spouse, or child of the member, partner, or organization
      in which the member is serving as officer, director, trustee,
      partner, or employee, or any person or organization with whom the
      member is negotiating or has any arrangement concerning
      prospective employment, has a financial interest.
      (2) Violations
        Violation of paragraph (1) by a member of the Corporate Board
      shall be cause for removal of the member, but shall not impair or
      otherwise affect the validity of any otherwise lawful action by
      the Corporation in which the member participated.
      (3) Exceptions
        The prohibitions contained in paragraph (1) shall not apply if
      a member of the Corporate Board advises the Corporate Board of
      the nature of the particular matter in which the member proposes
      to participate, and if the member makes a full disclosure of the
      financial interest, prior to any participation, and the Corporate
      Board determines, by majority vote, that the financial interest
      is too remote or too inconsequential to affect the integrity of
      the member's services to the Corporation in that matter.  The
      member involved shall not vote on the determination.
      (4) Financial disclosure
        A Board member shall be subject to the financial disclosure
      requirements set forth in subchapter B of chapter XVI of title 5,
      Code of Federal Regulations (or any corresponding or similar
      regulation or ruling), applicable to a special Government
      employee (as defined in section 202(a) of title 18).
    (k) Delegation of authority
      (1) In general
        The Corporate Board may, by resolution, delegate to the
      Chairperson, the Executive Director, or any other officer or
      employee any function, power, or duty assigned to the Corporation
      under this subchapter, other than a function, power, or duty
      expressly vested in the Corporate Board by subsections (c)
      through (n) of this section.
      (2) Prohibition on delegation
        Notwithstanding any other law, the Secretary and any other
      officer or employee of the United States shall not make any
      delegation to the Corporate Board, the Chairperson, the Executive
      Director, or the Corporation of any power, function, or authority
      not expressly authorized by this subchapter, unless the
      delegation is made pursuant to an authority in law that expressly
      makes reference to this section.
      (3) Reorganization act
        Notwithstanding any other law, the President (through
      authorities provided under chapter 9 of title 5) may not
      authorize the transfer to the Corporation of any power, function,
      or authority in addition to powers, functions, and authorities
      provided by law.
    (l) Bylaws
      Notwithstanding section 5902(f)(2) of this title, the Corporate
    Board shall adopt, and may from time to time amend, any bylaw that
    is necessary for the proper management and functioning of the
    Corporation. The Corporate Board shall not adopt any bylaw that has
    not been reviewed and approved by the Secretary.
    (m) Organization
      The Corporate Board shall provide a system of organization to fix
    responsibility and promote efficiency.
    (n) Personnel and facilities of Corporation
      (1) Appointment and compensation of personnel
        The Corporation may select and appoint officers, attorneys,
      employees, and agents, who shall be vested with such powers and
      duties as the Corporation may determine.
      (2) Use of facilities and services of the Department of
          Agriculture
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, to perform the
      responsibilities of the Corporation under this subchapter, the
      Corporation may partially or jointly utilize the facilities of
      and the services of employees of the Department of Agriculture,
      without cost to the Corporation.
      (3) Government employment laws
        An officer or employee of the Corporation shall be subject to
      all laws of the United States relating to governmental
      employment.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1659, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3759; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 723(a), Apr. 4, 1996, 110
    Stat. 1115.)
 
-REFTEXT-
                             REFERENCES IN TEXT
      The laws of the United States relating to governmental
    employment, referred to in subsec. (n)(3), are classified generally
    to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
 
-MISC2-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Pub. L. 104-127 amended section generally, substituting
    present provisions for provisions relating to Alternative
    Agricultural Research and Commercialization Board, including
    provisions relating to establishment, members, responsibilities,
    meetings, terms and vacancies, chairperson, committees,
    compensation, restrictions, and authority of Secretary.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in sections 5901, 5906 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5904                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
         COMMERCIALIZATION
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5904. Research and development grants, contracts, and
        agreements
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Eligibility
      All public and private educational institutions, other public and
    private research institutions and organizations, Federal agencies,
    and individuals shall be eligible to receive a grant from, or enter
    into a contract or cooperative agreement with, the Corporation for
    a research, development, or demonstration project, as provided in
    this section.
    (b) Competitive basis for awards
      Grants made, and contracts and cooperative agreements entered
    into, under this section shall be selected on a competitive basis
    on the recommendation of a peer review system to be established by
    the Corporation. Such system shall contain peer review expertise in
    commercial production, product development, processing, and
    marketing of agricultural commodities as well as in scientific
    research.
    (c) Selection criteria
      The Corporate Board may select a research, development, or
    demonstration project to receive a grant, contract, or cooperative
    agreement under this section based on the likelihood that the
    project will result in creating or improving economically viable
    commercial nonfood, nonfeed products, applications, processes, or
    technologies that involve the use of raw or processed agricultural
    commodities.  The criteria to be considered may include the
    following:
        (1) the prospect of developing technologies that could make it
      possible to use or modify existing agricultural commodities to
      provide an economically viable quantity of new nonfood, nonfeed
      products;
        (2) the potential market size of the new nonfood, nonfeed
      product, the likely time period needed to bring the product into
      the stream of commerce for general use, and the likely
      availability of the agricultural commodity used to produce the
      product;
        (3) the potential for job creation in an economically
      distressed rural area;
        (4) the anticipated State or local participation;
        (5) the anticipated financial participation of private
      entities;
        (6) the likely impact on reducing Federal crop subsidies and
      other Federal agricultural assistance program costs;
        (7) the unavailability of adequate funding from other sources;
        (8) the likely positive impact on resource conservation and the
      environment; and
        (9) the likely positive effect of helping family-sized farmers
      and rural communities near the affected agricultural and forested
      areas.
    (d) Set-aside of funds for certain projects
      (1) In general
        Not less than two-thirds of the funds obligated each fiscal
      year for grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements under this
      section shall be awarded only for research, development, and
      demonstration projects for which the applicant -
          (A) has committed substantial funding and support from its
        own resources; and
          (B) has entered into a cooperative agreement or other
        contractual arrangement with a commercial company domiciled in
        the United States that commits such company to -
            (i) provide funds for at least 20 percent of the total cost
          of such project; and
            (ii) engage in commercial production and sale of the
          marketable products, processes, uses, applications, or
          technologies developed through the project, under appropriate
          licensing, royalty, or other agreements.
      (2) Animal sources
        Not more than 25 percent of the funds obligated each fiscal
      year for grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements under this
      section shall be awarded only for projects concerning new
      nonfood, nonfeed products derived from animal sources.
    (e) Limitation on funds provided
      Funds committed by the Corporation for any project under a grant,
    contract, or cooperative agreement under this section shall in no
    case exceed two-thirds of the total cost of the project.
    (f) Preference
      In selecting projects to receive funds, the Corporation may give
    preference to those projects for which the ratio of Corporation
    funds to non-Corporation funds would be lowest.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1660, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3761; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 724, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.
    1119.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 724(1),
    substituted ''Corporation'' for ''Center''.
      Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 724(2), substituted
    ''Corporate Board'' for ''Board'' in introductory provisions.
      Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 724(1), substituted
    ''Corporation'' for ''Center''.
      Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 724(1), (3), substituted
    ''Corporation'' for ''Center'' in two places and substituted
    ''non-Corporation'' for ''non-Center''.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in sections 5902, 5903, 5905, 5906,
    5908, 5909 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5905                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
         COMMERCIALIZATION
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5905. Commercialization assistance
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Assistance authorized
      The Corporation, at the discretion of the Corporate Board, may
    provide to entities described in subsection (b) of this section for
    projects commercializing new nonfood, nonfeed products using
    agricultural commodities, financial assistance in the form of -
        (1) loans made or insured by the Corporation;
        (2) interest subsidy payments made by the Corporation (pursuant
      to an agreement between the Corporation, the lender, and the
      borrower) to the lender in amounts determined pursuant to the
      agreement;
        (3) venture capital invested by the Corporation in the form of
      a convertible debenture; and
        (4) repayable grants that are matched by private or local
      public funds and that are repaid as agreed in a contract between
      the Corporation and the entity.
    (b) Eligible entities
      To obtain financial assistance for commercialization of nonfood,
    nonfeed products from the Corporation, an entity shall be a
    university or other institution of higher education, a nonprofit
    organization, a cooperative, or a business concern.
    (c) Application requirements
      (1) Filed with Executive Director
        To obtain financial assistance from the Corporation under this
      section, an eligible entity shall file an application with the
      Executive Director.
      (2) Contents
        An application submitted to the Executive Director under
      paragraph (1) shall -
          (A) describe the proposal of the entity for the
        commercialization of a new product consistent with this
        section, including documentation that such proposal is -
            (i) scientifically sound;
            (ii) technologically feasible; and
            (iii) marketable;
          (B) provide documentation that adequate private sector
        funding is not available, but that the applicant has the
        ability to obtain matching funds from the public or private
        sectors;
          (C) provide documentation that the applicant has invested in
        the project a significant amount of the applicant's own
        resources, including time and money;
          (D) provide documentation that the product or process has
        broad application and has the potential to be commercially
        viable without continual assistance;
          (E) provide documentation that the proposal has broad
        participation by representatives of the public sector, the
        financial community, the private business community, State and
        local governments, educational institutions, the farm
        community, the science and engineering communities;
          (F) provide documentation that an established relationship
        exists between the applicant and other entities to give the
        applicant access to private business assistance;
          (G) provide assurances of legal compliance by the applicant
        with the terms and conditions of the receipt of assistance
        under this section; and
          (H) provide assurances that the project will result in the
        creation of new jobs in rural communities.
    (d) Priorities
      The Corporate Board shall give priority to -
        (1) applications that shall create jobs in economically
      distressed rural areas;
        (2) applications that have State or local government financial
      participation; and
        (3) applications that have private financial participation.
    (e) Additional criteria
      The Corporate Board shall establish additional criteria for use
    in selecting among equivalent applications.  Such criteria shall
    emphasize -
        (1) the quantity and quality of jobs that are likely to be
      created in rural communities;
        (2) the amount of the financial participation by State or local
      governments or private entities;
        (3) the qualifications of the management to be used in the
      project;
        (4) the potential market demand for the potential product to be
      marketed proportional to the financial assistance requested; and
        (5) the likely level of returns to the Fund and the items
      described in paragraphs (2), (6), (8), and (9) of section 5904(c)
      of this title.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1661, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3762; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 725, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.
    1119.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 725(1), (2),
    substituted ''Corporation'' for ''Center'' wherever appearing and
    substituted ''Corporate Board'' for ''Board'' in introductory
    provisions.
      Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 725(1), substituted
    ''Corporation'' for ''Center''.
      Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 725(3), (4), redesignated
    subsec. (d) as (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which provided
    for appointment of Advisory Council to advise Board and Regional
    Centers concerning applications for assistance submitted under this
    section.
      Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 725(1), (5), substituted ''Corporation''
    for ''Center'' in par. (1) and ''Executive Director'' for
    ''Director'' in par. (1) heading and text and introductory
    provisions of par. (2).
      Subsecs. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 725(2), (4),
    redesignated subsecs. (e) and (f) as (d) and (e), respectively, and
    substituted ''Corporate Board'' for ''Board''.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in sections 5902, 5903, 5906, 5907,
    5908, 5909 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5906                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
         COMMERCIALIZATION
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5906. General rules regarding provision of assistance
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Notice of receipt of applications
      Not later than 30 days before the start of each period
    established by the Corporate Board for receipt of applications for
    financial assistance under section 5904 or 5905 of this title, the
    Corporate Board shall publish in the Federal Register a notice that
    it will receive such applications.
    (b) Monitoring
      The Corporate Board shall monitor the progress of projects that
    receive financial assistance under this subchapter.  Such
    monitoring may include on-site reviews by representatives of the
    Corporate Board or a Regional Center, the requirement of written
    reports by recipients of assistance, and supportive business and
    technical counseling as needed by the recipient.
    (c) Auditing and accountability
      (1) Required
        The Corporate Board shall establish a thorough and effective
      system of auditing and accountability to ensure that funds paid
      under section 5904 or 5905 of this title are used by recipients
      only for the purposes for which those funds are provided by the
      Corporation.
      (2) Demonstrated compliance
        The Corporate Board may require that recipients of financial
      assistance demonstrate that the use of financial assistance is in
      compliance with the agreement by which that assistance is
      provided.
    (d) Information exempt from disclosure
      With respect to research, development, demonstration, or
    commercialization projects carried out with the participation of
    private research institutions or commercial companies, information
    received by the Corporation incident thereto shall be exempt from
    disclosure under section 552 of title 5 and shall not be made
    available publicly except -
        (1) with the approval of the person providing the information;
      or
        (2) in a judicial or administrative proceeding in which such
      information is subject to protective order.
    (e) Overhead and administrative costs
      The Corporate Board shall require that applications or responses
    to requests for proposals issued by the Corporation for grants,
    contracts, or cooperative agreements include detailed estimates of
    project overhead and administrative costs.  In selecting such
    applications or proposals for awards, the Corporation shall give
    preference to those with the lowest effective costs.
    (f) Prohibition on certain uses of assistance
      No grant may be awarded, or contract or cooperative agreement
    entered into under this subchapter, for the acquisition or
    construction of a building or a facility.
    (g) Reports
      (1) Preparation
        As soon as practicable after the end of each fiscal year, the
      Corporate Board shall prepare and submit to the Secretary a
      report on the activities, progress, and accomplishments of the
      Corporation during such fiscal year.  The report shall include -
          (A) a description of the progress, activities, and
        accomplishments of the Corporation during that fiscal year and
        the expenditures by the Corporation for its information and
        other service activities; and
          (B) a copy of the operating plan prepared by the Corporate
        Board under section 5903(c)(6) (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title.
       (FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.
      (2) Transmittal
        The Secretary shall transmit each report received under
      paragraph (1) to the President and Congress not later than 30
      days after the date on which the Secretary receives the report.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1662, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3764; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 726, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.
    1119.)
 
-REFTEXT-
                             REFERENCES IN TEXT
      Section 5903 of this title, referred to in subsec. (g)(1)(B), was
    amended generally by Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 723(a), Apr.
    4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1115, and, as so amended, subsec. (c) of section
    5903 no longer contains a par. (6). See section 5903(c)(1)(E) of
    this title.
 
-MISC2-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 726(2), substituted
    ''Corporate Board'' for ''Board'' in two places.
      Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 726(2), (3), in first
    sentence, substituted ''The Corporate Board'' for ''The Board'', in
    second sentence, substituted ''Corporate Board or a Regional
    Center'' for ''Board, a Regional Center, or the Advisory Council''
    and struck out at end ''The Board may use the Advisory Council
    appointed under section 5905 of this title to assist in such
    monitoring.''
      Subsecs. (c) to (e), (g). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 726(1), (2),
    substituted ''Corporation'' for ''Center'' and ''Corporate Board''
    for ''Board'' wherever appearing.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5907                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
         COMMERCIALIZATION
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5907. Regional Centers
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Establishment
      (1) Required
        Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Corporate Board shall
      establish not less than two nor more than six Regional Centers to
      carry out the activities specified in this section and such other
      activities as the Corporate Board shall from time to time
      specify.
      (2) Exception
        No Regional Centers may be established in a fiscal year unless
      at least $5,000,000 has been appropriated for that fiscal year to
      carry out this subchapter.
    (b) Method of establishment
      (1) Regional basis
        Each Regional Center established under this section shall be
      located at a host institution.  The Regional Centers shall be
      established in different States to reflect the different regional
      climatic conditions and rural economic stresses in the United
      States.
      (2) Competition
        An organization that desires to be selected as a host
      institution for a Regional Center shall submit an application to
      the Corporate Board. The Corporate Board shall determine the
      location of the Regional Centers based on a competitive review of
      the contents of such applications and shall consider the ability
      of the applicant to carry out the activities specified in this
      section.
    (c) Matching of funds
      (1) Assurances of applicants
        Each institution submitting an application for a Regional
      Center under this section shall provide assurances -
          (A) that adequate funds or in-kind support (including office
        space, equipment and staff support) shall be provided to match
        the amount of funds used for administrative costs that are
        provided by the Federal Government under this subchapter;
          (B) that the institution is qualified to carry out the
        activities required of a Regional Center; and
          (C) concerning such other matters as the Corporate Board
        determines to be appropriate.
      (2) Consortium
        The matching funds required under paragraph (1) may be provided
      by a consortia that may include the host institution and other
      public or private entities existing within various regions of the
      United States, including State and local governments, entities
      created by State and local governments, charitable organizations,
      public and private universities and other institutions of higher
      education, cooperatives, and economic development organizations.
    (d) Director
      Each Regional Center shall be headed by a full-time Regional
    Director who shall -
        (1) be selected by the Corporate Board; and
        (2) have a scientific or engineering background or have
      experience in the development of new products or processes in the
      public or private sector.
    (e) Activities
      Each Regional Center shall -
        (1) encourage interaction among the private and Federal
      laboratories, National Science Foundation centers, Department of
      Agriculture research programs, other Federal resources, State and
      local regional economic development programs, universities,
      colleges, the private sector, and the financial community, for
      the purpose of evaluating and commercializing new nonfood,
      nonfeed uses of agricultural commodities;
        (2) identify broad areas where commercialization of new
      nonfood, nonfeed products and processes can contribute to
      economic growth in rural areas of the United States, through the
      development of new nonfood, nonfeed uses for agricultural
      commodities by private companies and businesses;
        (3) provide technical assistance and related business and
      financial counseling for small domestic businesses to
      commercialize new nonfood, nonfeed uses of agricultural
      commodities;
        (4) identify new nonfood, nonfeed products and processes that
      are worthy of financial assistance;
        (5) make use of existing programs in scientific, engineering,
      technical, and management education that will support the
      accelerated commercialization of new nonfood, nonfeed products
      and processes using agricultural commodities;
        (6) advise the Corporate Board on the viability of specific
      applications submitted for financial assistance and on the type
      of assistance, if any, to be provided;
        (7) coordinate their activities with the Small Business
      Development Centers; and
        (8) coordinate their activities with the Corporation.
    (f) Review of proposals for assistance
      (1) Submission to Regional Center
        If a Regional Center is established that includes the area in
      which a person applying for assistance under this subchapter is
      located, that person shall submit the application to the Regional
      Center for review.
      (2) Review
        The Directors of the Regional Centers shall work to obtain peer
      review and evaluation of applications submitted to the Regional
      Centers.
      (3) Recommendation
        The Regional Director, based on the comments of the reviewers,
      shall make and submit a recommendation to the Board, which shall
      not be binding on the Board.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1663, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3765; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 405(b), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1864; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 727, Apr. 4, 1996, 110
    Stat. 1119.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsecs. (a)(1), (b)(2), (c)(1)(C), (d)(1), (e)(6). Pub.
    L. 104-127, Sec. 727(1), substituted ''Corporate Board'' for
    ''Board'' wherever appearing.
      Subsec. (e)(8). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 727(2), substituted
    ''Corporation'' for ''Center''.
      Subsec. (f)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 727(3), in par. (2),
    struck out ''in consultation with the Advisory Council appointed
    under section 5905(c) of this title'' before ''to obtain peer
    review'', added par. (3), and struck out former pars. (3) and (4)
    which read as follows:
      ''(3) Role of advisory council. - The Advisory Council shall
    review applications submitted to the Regional Centers. The Advisory
    Council shall, by majority vote, make a nonbinding recommendation
    on each proposal to the appropriate Regional Director.
      ''(4) Recommendation. - The Regional Director, after
    consideration of the Advisory Council's recommendation and based on
    the comments of the reviewers, shall make and submit a
    recommendation to the Board along with the recommendation of the
    Advisory Council. A recommendation submitted by a Regional Director
    or the Advisory Council shall not be binding on the Board.''
      1991 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''No Regional
    Centers may be established'' for ''A Regional Center may not be
    established or operated''.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in section 5903 of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5908                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
         COMMERCIALIZATION
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5908. Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization
        Revolving Fund
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Establishment
      There is established in the Treasury of the United States a
    revolving fund to be known as the Alternative Agricultural Research
    and Commercialization Revolving Fund. The Fund shall be available
    to the Corporation, without fiscal year limitation, to carry out
    this subchapter.
    (b) Contents of Fund
      There shall be deposited in the Fund -
        (1) such amounts as may be appropriated or transferred to
      support programs and activities of the Corporation;
        (2) payments received from any source for products, services,
      or property furnished in connection with the activities of the
      Corporation;
        (3) fees and royalties collected by the Corporation from
      licensing or other arrangements relating to commercialization of
      products developed through projects funded in whole or part by
      grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements executed by the
      Corporation;
        (4) proceeds from the sale of assets, loans, and equity
      interests made in furtherance of the purposes of the Corporation;
        (5) donations or contributions accepted by the Corporation to
      support authorized programs and activities; and
        (6) any other funds acquired by the Corporation.
    (c) Funding allocations
      Funding of projects and activities under this subchapter shall be
    subject to the following restrictions:
        (1) Of the total amount of funds made available for a fiscal
      year under this subchapter -
          (A) not more than the lesser of 15 percent or $3,000,000 may
        be set aside to be used for authorized administrative expenses
        of the Corporation;
          (B) not more than 1 percent may be set aside to be used for
        generic studies and specific reviews of individual proposals
        for financial assistance; and
          (C) except as provided in subsection (e) of this section, not
        less than 84 percent shall be set aside to be awarded to
        qualified applicants who file project applications with, or
        respond to requests for proposals from, the Corporation under
        sections 5904 and 5905 of this title.
        (2) Any funds remaining uncommitted at the end of a fiscal year
      shall be credited to the Fund and added to the total program
      funds available to the Corporation for the next fiscal year.
    (d) Authorized administrative expenses
      For the purposes of this section, authorized administrative
    expenses shall include all ordinary and necessary expenses,
    including all compensation for personnel and consultants, expenses
    for computer usage, or space needs of the Corporation and similar
    expenses.  Funds authorized for administrative expenses shall not
    be available for the acquisition of real property.
    (e) Project monitoring
      The Corporate Board may establish, in the bylaws of the Corporate
    Board, that a percentage (which shall not exceed 1 percent) of the
    funds provided under subsection (c) of this section for any
    commercialization project shall be expended to ensure that project
    funds are being utilized in accordance with the project agreement.
    (f) Termination of Fund
      On expiration of the authority provided by this subchapter, all
    assets (after payment of all outstanding obligations) of the Fund
    shall revert to the general fund of the Treasury.
    (g) Authorization of appropriations; capitalization
      (1) Authorization of appropriation
        There are authorized to be appropriated to the Fund $75,000,000
      for each of fiscal years 1996 through 2002.
      (2) Capitalization
        The Executive Director may pay in as capital of the
      Corporation, out of dollar receipts made available through annual
      appropriations, $75,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1996 through
      2002. On the payment of an amount of capital by the Executive
      Director, the Corporation shall issue an equivalent amount of
      capital stock to the Secretary of the Treasury.
      (3) Transfer
        All obligations, assets, and related rights and
      responsibilities of the former Alternative Agricultural Research
      and Commercialization Center established under former section
      5902 of this title (as in effect on the day before April 4, 1996)
      are transferred to the Corporation.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1664, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3766; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 728, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.
    1120.)
 
-REFTEXT-
                             REFERENCES IN TEXT
      Former section 5902 of this title, referred to in subsec. (g)(3),
    means section 5902 of this title as in effect before the general
    amendment of that section by Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec.
    722(a), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1113.
 
-MISC2-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Pub. L. 104-127 amended section generally, substituting
    present provisions for provisions providing for establishment of
    Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization Revolving
    Fund, including provisions relating to contents of Fund, funding
    allocations, termination of Fund, and authorization of
    appropriations.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5909                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND
         COMMERCIALIZATION
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5909. Procurement of alternative agricultural research and
        commercialization products
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) ''Executive agency'' defined
      In this section, the term ''executive agency'' has the meaning
    provided the term in section 403(1) of title 41.
    (b) Procurement
      To further the achievement of the purposes specified in section
    5901(b) of this title, an executive agency may, for any procurement
    involving the acquisition of property, establish set-asides and
    preferences for property that has been commercialized with
    assistance provided under this subchapter.
    (c) Set-asides
      Procurements solely for property may be set aside exclusively for
    products developed with commercialization assistance provided under
    section 5905 of this title.
    (d) Preferences
      Preferences for property developed with assistance provided under
    this subchapter in procurements involving the acquisition of
    property may be -
        (1) a price preference, if the procurement is solely for
      property, of not greater than a percentage to be determined
      within the sole discretion of the head of the procuring agency;
      or
        (2) a technical evaluation preference included as an award
      factor or subfactor as determined within the sole discretion of
      the head of the procuring agency.
    (e) Notice
      Each competitive solicitation or invitation for bids selected by
    an executive agency for a set-aside or preference under this
    section shall contain a provision notifying offerors where a list
    of products eligible for the set-aside or preference may be
    obtained.
    (f) Eligibility
      Offerors shall receive the set-aside or preference required under
    this section if, in the case of products developed with financial
    assistance under -
        (1) section 5904 of this title, less than 10 years have elapsed
      since the expiration of the grant, cooperative agreement, or
      contract;
        (2) paragraph (1) or (2) of section 5905(a) of this title, less
      than 5 years have elapsed since the date the loan was made or
      insured;
        (3) section 5905(a)(3) of this title, less than 5 years have
      elapsed since the date of sale of any remaining government equity
      interest in the company; or
        (4) section 5905(a)(4) of this title, less than 5 years have
      elapsed since the date of the final payment on the repayable
      grant.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1665, as added Pub. L. 104-127,
    title VII, Sec. 729, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1121.)
 
-CITE-
     7 USC SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS    01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
    .
 
-HEAD-
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5921                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5921. Biotechnology risk assessment research
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Purpose
      It is the purpose of this section to -
        (1) authorize and support environmental assessment research to
      the extent necessary to help address general concerns about
      environmental effects of biotechnology; and
        (2) authorize research to help regulators develop policies, as
      soon as practicable, concerning the introduction into the
      environment of such technology.
    (b) Grant program
      The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a grant program
    within the Cooperative State Research Service and the Agricultural
    Research Service to provide the necessary funding for environmental
    assessment research concerning the introduction of genetically
    engineered organisms into the environment.
    (c) Types of research
      Types of research for which grants may be made under this section
    shall include the following:
        (1) Research designed to develop methods to physically and
      biologically contain genetically engineered animals, plants, and
      microorganisms once they are introduced into the environment.
        (2) Research designed to develop methods to monitor the
      dispersal of genetically engineered animals, plants, and
      microorganisms.
        (3) Research designed to further existing knowledge with
      respect to the rates and methods of gene transfer that may occur
      between genetically engineered organisms and related wild and
      agricultural organisms.
        (4) Other areas of research designed to further the purposes of
      this section.
    (d) Eligibility requirements
      Grants under this section shall be -
        (1) made on the basis of the quality of the proposed research
      project; and
        (2) available to any public or private research or educational
      institution or organization.
    (e) Consultation
      In considering specific areas of research for funding under this
    section, the Secretary of Agriculture shall consult with the
    Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service,
    the Office of Agricultural Biotechnology, and the Agricultural
    Biotechnology Research Advisory Committee.
    (f) Program coordination
      The Secretary of Agriculture shall coordinate research funded
    under this section with the Office of Research and Development of
    the Environmental Protection Agency in order to avoid duplication
    of research activities.
    (g) Authorization of appropriations
      (1) In general
        There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as necessary
      to carry out this section.
      (2) Withholdings from biotechnology outlays
        The Secretary of Agriculture shall withhold from outlays of the
      Department of Agriculture for research on biotechnology, as
      defined and determined by the Secretary, at least one percent of
      such amount for the purpose of making grants under this section
      for research on biotechnology risk assessment.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1668, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3767; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(9), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1865.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1991 - Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted
    ''Withholdings'' for ''Witholdings'' in heading.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5922                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5922. Graduate School of Department of Agriculture
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Training services
      Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the head of a Federal
    agency or major organizational unit within any agency, including
    agencies and offices within the Department of Agriculture, may
    place an order (or enter into an agreement) with the Graduate
    School of the Department of Agriculture under the provisions of
    section 1535 of title 31 for training and other services incidental
    to the provision of such training.
    (b) Goods or services
      The Graduate School may obtain any goods or services necessary to
    the fulfillment of an order under subsection (a) of this section or
    its obligations under such agreement without regard to the
    requirements of -
        (1) the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of
      1949 (40 U.S.C. 471 et seq.); or
        (2) any other law that prescribes procedures for the
      procurement of property or services by an executive agency.
    (c) Audits of records
      The financial records of the Graduate School relating to orders
    or agreements under subsection (a) of this section shall be made
    available to the Comptroller General for purposes of conducting an
    audit.
    (d) Definitions
      For purposes of this section:
        (1) The term ''Graduate School'' means the Graduate School of
      the Department of Agriculture.
        (2) The term ''training'' has the meaning given that term in
      section 4101(4) of title 5.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1669, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3768.)
 
-REFTEXT-
                             REFERENCES IN TEXT
      The Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40
    U.S.C. 471 et seq.), referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is act June 30,
    1949, ch. 288, 63 Stat. 377, as amended.  Provisions of that Act
    relating to procurement are classified to chapter 10 (Sec. 471 et
    seq.) of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, and
    subchapter IV (Sec. 251 et seq.) of chapter 4 of Title 41, Public
    Contracts. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see
    Short Title note set out under section 471 of Title 40 and Tables.
 
-CROSS-
                              CROSS REFERENCES
      Graduate School of Department of Agriculture, operation as
    nonappropriated fund instrumentality, see section 2279b of this
    title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5923                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5923. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(c), June
        23, 1998, 112 Stat. 563
 
-MISC1-
      Section, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1670, Nov. 28, 1990,
    104 Stat. 3769; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(10), Dec. 13,
    1991, 105 Stat. 1865; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 834, Apr.
    4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1169, authorized establishment of livestock
    product safety and inspection program.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5924                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5924. Agricultural Genome Initiative
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Goals
      The goals of this section are -
        (1) to expand the knowledge of public and private sector
      entities and persons concerning genomes for species of importance
      to the food and agriculture sectors in order to maximize the
      return on the investment in genomics of agriculturally important
      species;
        (2) to focus on the species that will yield scientifically
      important results that will enhance the usefulness of many
      agriculturally important species;
        (3) to build on genomic research, such as the Human Genome
      Initiative and the Arabidopsis Genome Project, to understand gene
      structure and function that is expected to have considerable
      payoffs in agriculturally important species;
        (4) to develop improved bioinformatics to enhance both sequence
      or structure determination and analysis of the biological
      function of genes and gene products;
        (5) to encourage Federal Government participants to maximize
      the utility of public and private partnerships for agricultural
      genome research;
        (6) to allow resources developed under this section, including
      data, software, germplasm, and other biological materials, to be
      openly accessible to all persons, subject to any confidentiality
      requirements imposed by law; and
        (7) to encourage international partnerships with each partner
      country responsible for financing its own strategy for
      agricultural genome research.
    (b) Duties of Secretary
      The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the
    ''Secretary'') shall conduct a research initiative (to be known as
    the ''Agricultural Genome Initiative'') for the purpose of -
        (1) studying and mapping agriculturally significant genes to
      achieve sustainable and secure agricultural production;
        (2) ensuring that current gaps in existing agricultural
      genetics knowledge are filled;
        (3) identifying and developing a functional understanding of
      genes responsible for economically important traits in
      agriculturally important species, including emerging plant and
      animal diseases causing economic hardship;
        (4) ensuring future genetic improvement of agriculturally
      important species;
        (5) supporting preservation of diverse germplasm;
        (6) ensuring preservation of biodiversity to maintain access to
      genes that may be of importance in the future; and
        (7) otherwise carrying out this section.
    (c) Grants and cooperative agreements
      (1) Authority
        The Secretary may make grants or enter into cooperative
      agreements with individuals and organizations in accordance with
      section 3318 of this title.
      (2) Competitive basis
        A grant or cooperative agreement under this subsection shall be
      made or entered into on a competitive basis.
    (d) Administration
      Paragraphs (1), (6), (7), and (11) of subsection (b) of section
    450i of this title shall apply with respect to the making of a
    grant or cooperative agreement under this section.
    (e) Matching of funds
      (1) General requirement
        If a grant or cooperative agreement under this section provides
      a particular benefit to a specific agricultural commodity, the
      Secretary shall require the recipient to provide funds or in-kind
      support to match the amount of funds provided by the Secretary
      under the grant or cooperative agreement.
      (2) Waiver
        The Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement of
      paragraph (1) with respect to a research project if the Secretary
      determines that -
          (A) the results of the project, while of particular benefit
        to a specific agricultural commodity, are likely to be
        applicable to agricultural commodities generally; or
          (B) the project involves a minor commodity, the project deals
        with scientifically important research, and the recipient is
        unable to satisfy the matching funds requirement.
    (f) Consultation with National Academy of Sciences
      The Secretary may use funds made available under this section to
    consult with the National Academy of Sciences regarding the
    administration of the Agricultural Genome Initiative.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1671, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3769; Pub. L. 104-66, title I, Sec. 1011(s), Dec. 21, 1995, 109
    Stat. 710; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 835, Apr. 4, 1996, 110
    Stat. 1169; Pub. L. 105-185, title II, Sec. 241, June 23, 1998, 112
    Stat. 547.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1998 - Pub. L. 105-185 amended section catchline and text
    generally, substituting present provisions for provisions which in
    subsec. (a) required plant genome mapping program, in subsec. (b)
    authorized competitive grants for research projects, in subsec. (c)
    described research areas for projects, in subsec. (d) set forth
    deadline for submission of plan for awarding grants, in subsec. (e)
    directed coordination of section activities with certain related
    activities, in subsec. (f) required protection of proprietary
    interests when considered to be appropriate, and in subsec. (g)
    authorized appropriations for fiscal years 1996 and 1997 to carry
    out this section.
      1996 - Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104-127 inserted ''for fiscal years
    1996 and 1997'' after ''appropriated''.
      1995 - Subsecs. (g), (h). Pub. L. 104-66 redesignated subsec. (h)
    as (g) and struck out former subsec. (g) which required Secretary
    to submit annual reports to Congress describing operations of grant
    program for plant genome mapping.
 
-SECREF-
                   SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
      This section is referred to in section 450i of this title.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5925                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5925. High-priority research and extension initiatives
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Competitive specialized research and extension grants
        authorized
      The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the
    ''Secretary'') may make competitive grants to support research and
    extension activities specified in subsections (e), (f), and (g) of
    this section.  The Secretary shall make the grants in consultation
    with the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and
    Economics Advisory Board.
    (b) Administration
      (1) In general
        Except as otherwise provided in this section, paragraphs (1),
      (6), (7), and (11) of subsection (b) of section 450i of this
      title shall apply with respect to the making of grants under this
      section.
      (2) Use of task forces
        To facilitate the making of research and extension grants under
      this section in the research and extension areas specified in
      subsection (e) of this section, the Secretary may appoint a task
      force for each such area to make recommendations to the
      Secretary. The Secretary may not incur costs in excess of $1,000
      for any fiscal year in connection with each task force
      established under this paragraph.
    (c) Matching funds required
      (1) In general
        The Secretary shall require the recipient of a grant under this
      section to provide funds or in-kind support from non-Federal
      sources in an amount at least equal to the amount provided by the
      Federal Government.
      (2) Waiver authority
        The Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement
      specified in paragraph (1) with respect to a research project if
      the Secretary determines that -
          (A) the results of the project, while of particular benefit
        to a specific agricultural commodity, are likely to be
        applicable to agricultural commodities generally; or
          (B) the project involves a minor commodity, the project deals
        with scientifically important research, and the grant recipient
        is unable to satisfy the matching funds requirement.
    (d) Partnerships encouraged
      Following the completion of a peer review process for grant
    proposals received under this section, the Secretary may provide a
    priority to those grant proposals, found in the peer review process
    to be scientifically meritorious, that involve the cooperation of
    multiple entities.
    (e) High-priority research and extension areas
      (1) Brown citrus aphid and citrus tristeza virus research and
          extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of -
          (A) developing methods to control or eradicate the brown
        citrus aphid and the citrus tristeza virus from citrus crops
        grown in the United States; or
          (B) adapting citrus crops grown in the United States to the
        brown citrus aphid and the citrus tristeza virus.
      (2) Ethanol research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of carrying out or enhancing research on ethanol
      derived from agricultural crops as an alternative fuel source.
      (3) Aflatoxin research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of identifying and controlling aflatoxin in the
      food and feed chains.
      (4) Mesquite research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of developing enhanced production methods and
      commercial uses of mesquite.
      (5) Prickly pear research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of investigating enhanced genetic selection and
      processing techniques of prickly pears.
      (6) Deer tick ecology research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of studying the population ecology of deer ticks
      and other insects and pests that transmit Lyme disease.
      (7) Red meat safety research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of developing -
          (A) intervention strategies that reduce microbial
        contamination on carcass surfaces;
          (B) microbiological mapping of carcass surfaces; and
          (C) model hazard analysis and critical control point plans.
      (8) Grain sorghum ergot research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of developing techniques for the eradication of
      sorghum ergot.
      (9) Peanut market enhancement research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of evaluating the economics of applying
      innovative technologies for peanut processing in a commercial
      environment.
      (10) Dairy financial risk management research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of providing research, development, or education
      materials, information, and outreach programs regarding risk
      management strategies for dairy producers and for dairy
      cooperatives and other processors and marketers of milk.
      (11) Cotton research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of improving pest management, fiber quality
      enhancement, economic assessment, textile production, and
      optimized production systems for short staple cotton.
      (12) Methyl bromide research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of -
          (A) developing and evaluating chemical and nonchemical
        alternatives, and use and emission reduction strategies, for
        pre-planting and post-harvest uses of methyl bromide; and
          (B) transferring the results of the research for use by
        agricultural producers.
      (13) Potato research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of developing and evaluating new strains of
      potatoes that are resistant to blight and other diseases, as well
      as insects.  Emphasis may be placed on developing potato
      varieties that lend themselves to innovative marketing
      approaches.
      (14) Wood use research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of developing new uses for wood from underused
      tree species as well as investigating methods of modifying wood
      and wood fibers to produce better building materials.
      (15) Low-bush blueberry research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of evaluating methods of propagating and
      developing low-bush blueberry as a marketable crop.
      (16) Wetlands use research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of better use of wetlands in diverse ways to
      provide various economic, agricultural, and environmental
      benefits.
      (17) Wild pampas grass control, management, and eradication
          research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of control, management, and eradication of wild
      pampas grass.
      (18) Food safety, including pathogen detection and limitation,
          research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of increasing food safety, including the
      identification of advanced detection and processing methods to
      limit the presence of pathogens (including hepatitis A and E.
      coli 0157:H7) in domestic and imported foods.
      (19) Financial risk management research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of providing research, development, or education
      materials, information, and outreach programs regarding financial
      risk management strategies for agricultural producers and for
      cooperatives and other processors and marketers of any
      agricultural commodity.
      (20) Ornamental tropical fish research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of meeting the needs of commercial producers of
      ornamental tropical fish and aquatic plants for improvements in
      the areas of fish reproduction, health, nutrition, predator
      control, water use, water quality control, and farming
      technology.
      (21) Sheep scrapie research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of investigating the genetic aspects of scrapie
      in sheep.
      (22) Gypsy moth research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of developing biological control, management, and
      eradication methods against nonnative insects, including
      Lymantria dispar (commonly known as the ''gypsy moth''), that
      contribute to significant agricultural, economic, or
      environmental harm.
      (23) Forestry research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section to
      develop and distribute new, high-quality, science-based
      information for the purpose of improving the long-term
      productivity of forest resources and contributing to forest-based
      economic development by addressing such issues as -
          (A) forest land use policies;
          (B) multiple-use forest management, including wildlife
        habitat development, improved forest regeneration systems, and
        timber supply; and
          (C) improved development, manufacturing, and marketing of
        forest products.
      (24) Tomato spotted wilt virus research and extension
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of control, management, and eradication of tomato
      spotted wilt virus.
    (f) Imported fire ant control, management, and eradication
      (1) Task force
        The Secretary shall establish a task force pursuant to
      subsection (b)(2) of this section regarding the control,
      management, and eradication of imported fire ants.  The Secretary
      shall solicit and evaluate grant proposals under this subsection
      in consultation with the task force.
      (2) Initial grants
        (A) Request for proposals
          The Secretary shall publish a request for proposals for
        grants for research or demonstration projects related to the
        control, management, and possible eradication of imported fire
        ants.
        (B) Selection
          Not later than 1 year after the date of publication of the
        request for proposals, the Secretary shall evaluate the grant
        proposals submitted in response to the request and may select
        meritorious research or demonstration projects related to the
        control, management, and possible eradication of imported fire
        ants to receive an initial grant under this subsection.
      (3) Subsequent grants
        (A) Evaluation of initial grants
          If the Secretary awards grants under paragraph (2)(B), the
        Secretary shall evaluate all of the research or demonstration
        projects conducted under the grants for their use as the basis
        of a national plan for the control, management, and possible
        eradication of imported fire ants by the Federal Government,
        State and local governments, and owners and operators of land.
        (B) Selection
          On the basis of the evaluation under subparagraph (A), the
        Secretary may select the projects that the Secretary considers
        most promising for additional research or demonstration related
        to preparation of a national plan for the control, management,
        and possible eradication of imported fire ants.  The Secretary
        shall notify the task force of the projects selected under this
        subparagraph.
      (4) Selection and submission of national plan
        (A) Evaluation of subsequent grants
          If the Secretary awards grants under paragraph (3)(B), the
        Secretary shall evaluate all of the research or demonstration
        projects conducted under the grants for use as the basis of a
        national plan for the control, management, and possible
        eradication of imported fire ants by the Federal Government,
        State and local governments, and owners and operators of land.
        (B) Selection
          On the basis of the evaluation under subparagraph (A), the
        Secretary shall select 1 project funded under paragraph (3)(B),
        or a combination of those projects, for award of a grant for
        final preparation of the national plan.
        (C) Submission
          The Secretary shall submit to Congress the final national
        plan prepared under subparagraph (B) for the control,
        management, and possible eradication of imported fire ants.
    (g) Formosan termite research and eradication
      (1) Research program
        The Secretary may make competitive research grants under this
      subsection to regional and multijurisdictional entities, local
      government planning organizations, and local governments for the
      purpose of conducting research for the control, management, and
      possible eradication of Formosan termites in the United States.
      (2) Eradication program
        The Secretary may enter into cooperative agreements with
      regional and multijurisdictional entities, local government
      planning organizations, and local governments for the purposes of
      -
          (A) conducting projects for the control, management, and
        possible eradication of Formosan termites in the United States;
        and
          (B) collecting data on the effectiveness of the projects.
      (3) Funding priority
        In allocating funds made available to carry out paragraph (2),
      the Secretary shall provide a higher priority for regions or
      locations with the highest historical rates of infestation of
      Formosan termites.
      (4) Management coordination
        The program management of research grants, cooperative
      agreements, and projects under this subsection shall be conducted
      under existing authority in coordination with the national
      formosan (FOOTNOTE 1) termite management and research
      demonstration program conducted by the Agricultural Research
      Service.
       (FOOTNOTE 1) So in original.  Probably should be capitalized.
    (h) Authorization of appropriations
      There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are
    necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999
    through 2002.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1672, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3770; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 406, 407(11), Dec. 13, 1991,
    105 Stat. 1864, 1865; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 836, 863,
    888, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1169, 1174, 1180; Pub. L. 105-185,
    title II, Sec. 242, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 549.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1998 - Pub. L. 105-185 amended section catchline and text
    generally, substituting present provisions for provisions which in
    subsecs. (a) to (f) which authorized specialized research programs
    relating to, respectively, brown citrus aphid and citrus tristeza
    virus, ethanol, aflatoxin, mesquite, prickly pear, and deer tick
    ecology and related research, and for provisions in subsec. (g)
    subjecting research to peer review, setting limitation on use of
    funds, and providing for general eligibility to participate in
    programs.
      1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863(1), 888, added
    subsec. (a) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (a).
    Text read as follows: ''The Secretary of Agriculture is encouraged
    to fund research for the development of technology which will
    ascertain the lean content of animal carcasses to be used for human
    consumption.''
      Subsecs. (d)(4), (e)(4). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 836, substituted
    ''1997'' for ''1995''.
      Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863, redesignated subsec. (i)
    as (f) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (f). Text
    read as follows:
      ''(1) Research required. - The Secretary of Agriculture shall
    establish and carry out a program to make grants to colleges and
    universities for research relating to immunoassay used -
        ''(A) to detect agricultural pesticide residues on agricultural
      commodities for human consumption; and
        ''(B) to diagnose animal and plant diseases.
      ''(2) Preference. - In making grants under this subsection, the
    Secretary may give preference to those colleges and universities
    that, as of November 28, 1990, are conducting research described in
    this subsection.''
      Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863, redesignated subsec. (k)
    as (g) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (g). Text
    read as follows: ''The Secretary shall make research and extension
    grants available for the development of agricultural production and
    marketing systems that will service niche markets located in nearby
    metropolitan areas.  In awarding such grants, the Secretary shall
    pay particular attention to areas -
        ''(1) with a high concentration of small farm operations; and
        ''(2) that experience difficulty in delivering products to
      market due to geographic isolation.''
      Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863(1), struck out subsec. (h)
    which provided that Secretary of Agriculture may establish and
    carry out a program to conduct research on disease of scrapie in
    sheep and goats.
      Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 836, 863(2), redesignated
    subsec. (i) as (f) and substituted ''1997'' for ''1995''.
      Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863(1), struck out heading and
    text of subsec. (j). Text read as follows: ''The Secretary of
    Agriculture may -
        ''(1) conduct fundamental and applied research related to the
      development of new commercial products derived from natural plant
      materials for industrial, medical, and agricultural applications;
      and
        ''(2) participate with colleges and universities, other Federal
      agencies, and private sector entities in conducting such
      research.''
      Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863(2), redesignated subsec.
    (k) as (g).
      1991 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 407(11), redesignated
    pars. (A) to (I) as (1) to (9), respectively.
      Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 406(1), substituted
    ''Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Cooperative State
    Research Service, to make competitive grants'' for ''Agricultural
    Research Service''.
      Subsec. (k)(1). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 406(2), substituted
    ''Research'' for ''Except for research funded under subsection (i),
    research''.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5925a                                            01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5925a. Nutrient management research and extension initiative
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Competitive research and extension grants authorized
      The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the
    ''Secretary'') may make competitive grants to support research and
    extension activities specified in subsection (e) of this section.
    The Secretary shall make the grants in consultation with the
    National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics
    Advisory Board.
    (b) Administration
      (1) In general
        Paragraphs (1), (6), (7), and (11) of subsection (b) of section
      450i of this title shall apply with respect to the making of
      grants under this section.
      (2) Use of task forces
        To facilitate the making of research and extension grants under
      this section in the research and extension areas specified in
      subsection (e) of this section, the Secretary may appoint a task
      force for each such area to make recommendations to the
      Secretary. The Secretary may not incur costs in excess of $1,000
      for any fiscal year in connection with each task force
      established under this paragraph.
    (c) Matching funds required
      (1) In general
        The Secretary shall require the recipient of a grant under this
      section to provide funds or in-kind support from non-Federal
      sources in an amount at least equal to the amount provided by the
      Federal Government.
      (2) Waiver authority
        The Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement
      specified in paragraph (1) with respect to a research project if
      the Secretary determines that -
          (A) the results of the project, while of particular benefit
        to a specific agricultural commodity, are likely to be
        applicable to agricultural commodities generally; or
          (B) the project involves a minor commodity, the project deals
        with scientifically important research, and the grant recipient
        is unable to satisfy the matching funds requirement.
    (d) Partnerships encouraged
      Following the completion of a peer review process for grant
    proposals received under this section, the Secretary may provide a
    priority to those grant proposals, found in the peer review process
    to be scientifically meritorious, that involve the cooperation of
    multiple entities.
    (e) Nutrient management research and extension areas
      (1) Animal waste and odor management
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of -
          (A) identifying, evaluating, and demonstrating innovative
        technologies for animal waste management and related air
        quality management and odor control;
          (B) investigating the unique microbiology of specific animal
        wastes, such as swine waste, to develop improved methods to
        effectively manage air and water quality; and
          (C) conducting information workshops to disseminate the
        results of the research.
      (2) Water quality and aquatic ecosystems
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of investigating the impact on aquatic food webs,
      especially commercially important aquatic species and their
      habitats, of microorganisms of the genus Pfiesteria and other
      microorganisms that are a threat to human or animal health.
      (3) Rural and urban interface
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of identifying, evaluating, and demonstrating
      innovative technologies to be used for animal waste management
      (including odor control) in rural areas adjacent to urban or
      suburban areas in connection with waste management activities
      undertaken in urban or suburban areas.
      (4) Animal feed
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of maximizing nutrition management for livestock,
      while limiting risks, such as mineral bypass, associated with
      livestock feeding practices.
      (5) Alternative uses of animal waste
        Research and extension grants may be made under this section
      for the purpose of finding innovative methods and technologies
      for economic use or disposal of animal waste.
    (g) (FOOTNOTE 1) Authorization of appropriations
       (FOOTNOTE 1) So in original.  No subsec. (f) has been enacted.
      There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are
    necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999
    through 2002.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1672A, as added Pub. L. 105-185,
    title II, Sec. 243, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 554.)
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5925b                                            01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5925b. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Competitive specialized research and extension grants
        authorized
      In consultation with the National Agricultural Research,
    Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board, the Secretary
    of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the ''Secretary'')
    may make competitive grants to support research and extension
    activities regarding organically grown and processed agricultural
    commodities for the purposes of -
        (1) facilitating the development of organic agriculture
      production and processing methods;
        (2) evaluating the potential economic benefits to producers and
      processors who use organic methods; and
        (3) exploring international trade opportunities for organically
      grown and processed agricultural commodities.
    (b) Grant types and process, prohibition on construction
      Paragraphs (1), (6), (7), and (11) of subsection (b) of section
    450i of this title shall apply with respect to the making of grants
    under this section.
    (c) Matching funds required
      (1) In general
        The Secretary shall require the recipient of a grant under this
      section to provide funds or in-kind support from non-Federal
      sources in an amount at least equal to the amount provided by the
      Federal Government.
      (2) Waiver authority
        The Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement
      specified in paragraph (1) with respect to a research project if
      the Secretary determines that -
          (A) the results of the project, while of particular benefit
        to a specified agricultural commodity, are likely to be
        applicable to agricultural commodities generally; or
          (B) the project involves a minor commodity, the project deals
        with scientifically important research, and the grant recipient
        is unable to satisfy the matching funds requirement.
    (d) Partnerships encouraged
      Following the completion of a peer review process for grant
    proposals received under this section, the Secretary may provide a
    priority to those grant proposals, found in the peer review process
    to be scientifically meritorious, that involve the cooperation of
    multiple entities.
    (e) Authorization of appropriations
      There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are
    necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999
    through 2002.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1672B, as added Pub. L. 105-185,
    title II, Sec. 244, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 555.)
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5926                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5926. Agricultural telecommunications program
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Purpose
      The program (hereafter referred to in this section as the
    ''program'') established under this section is intended to
    encourage the development and utilization of an agricultural
    communications network to facilitate and to strengthen agricultural
    extension, resident education and research, and domestic and
    international marketing of United States agricultural commodities
    and products through a partnership between eligible institutions
    and the Department of Agriculture. The network will employ
    satellite and other telecommunications technology to disseminate
    and to share academic instruction, cooperative extension
    programming, agricultural research, and marketing information.
    (b) Objectives
      The objectives of the program established under this section are
    -
        (1) to make optimal use of available resources for agricultural
      extension, resident education, and research by sharing resources
      between participating institutions;
        (2) to improve the competitive position of United States
      agriculture in international markets by disseminating information
      to producers, processors, and researchers;
        (3) to train students for careers in agriculture and food
      industries;
        (4) to facilitate interaction among leading agricultural
      scientists;
        (5) to enhance the ability of United States agriculture to
      respond to environmental and food safety concerns; and
        (6) to identify new uses for farm commodities and to increase
      the demand for United States agricultural products in both
      domestic and foreign markets.
    (c) Definitions
      For purposes of this section -
        (1) A*DEC. - The term ''A*DEC'' means the distance education
      consortium known as A*DEC.
        (2) The term ''eligible institution'' means an accredited
      institution of higher education determined by the Secretary to be
      able to meet the objectives identified in subsection (b) of this
      section.
        (3) The term ''communications network'' refers to television or
      cable television origination or distribution equipment, signal
      conversion equipment (including both modulators and
      demodulators), computer hardware and software, programs or
      terminals, or related devices, used to process and exchange data
      through a telecommunications system in which signals are
      generated, modified, or prepared for transmission, or received,
      via telecommunications terminal equipment or via
      telecommunications transmission.
        (4) The term ''delivery'' means the transmission and reception
      of programs by facilities that transmit, receive, or carry data
      between telecommunications terminal equipment at each end of a
      telecommunications circuit or path.
        (5) The term ''facilities'' includes microwave antennae,
      fiberoptic cables and repeaters, coaxial cables, communications
      satellite ground station complexes, copper cable electronic
      equipment associated with telecommunications transmission, and
      similar items as defined by the Secretary.
        (6) The term ''satellite ground station complex'' includes
      transmitters, receivers, and communications antennae at the Earth
      station site together with the interconnecting terrestrial
      transmission facilities (including cables, line, or microwave
      facilities) and modulating and demodulating equipment necessary
      for processing traffic received from the terrestrial distribution
      system prior to transmission via satellite and the traffic
      received from the satellite prior to transfer to terrestrial
      distribution systems.
        (7) Secretary. - Except as provided in subsection (d)(1) of
      this section, the term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of
      Agriculture, acting through A*DEC.
    (d) Authorization of assistance to eligible institutions
      (1) The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a program, to be
    administered through a grant provided to A*DEC under terms and
    conditions established by the Secretary of Agriculture, under which
    financial and technical assistance may be provided to eligible
    institutions that participate in a network that distributes
    programs consistent with the objectives described in subsection (b)
    of this section.
      (2) The Secretary may approve all or part of any application
    submitted by an eligible institution if the proposed activity will
    contribute, directly or indirectly, to the purpose and objectives
    of the program established under this section.
      (3) As provided in subsection (f) of this section, applications
    for financial assistance may include requests to fund program
    production or program delivery, or both.
    (e) Priority
      The Secretary, in considering applications for assistance under
    this program, shall establish procedures to ensure a broad
    dissemination of programming, giving a preference to applications
    that -
        (1) are submitted by institutions affiliated with an
      established agricultural telecommunications network that
      distributes programs to a wide geographical area; or
        (2) demonstrate the need for such assistance, taking into
      consideration the relative needs of all applicants and the
      financial ability of the applicants to otherwise secure or create
      the telecommunications system.
    (f) Applications for program production and delivery
      (1) The Secretary shall consider applications for financial
    assistance for the production and delivery of programs of
    cooperative extension, academic instruction in agriculture,
    agricultural research, and other topics consistent with the
    objectives described in subsection (b) of this section.
      (2) Eligible institutions shall request assistance by submitting
    applications to A*DEC. Applications shall include -
        (A) a detailed description of the telecommunications network
      and programming proposed to be produced and delivered, including
      to whom the programming will be distributed, how the programming
      will contribute to achieving the objectives described in
      subsection (b) of this section, and the total cost of producing
      and delivering such programming;
        (B) the amount of assistance requested for the proposed program
      authorized under this section and other sources of funding that
      will be used for the proposed program; and
        (C) an analysis of the costs and benefits of purchasing (or
      leasing) different types of facilities, equipment, components,
      hardware and software, or other items.
    (g) Limitations on assistance
      (1) The Secretary may provide funds totaling not more than 50
    percent of the cost of a proposal for which an application is
    submitted under subsection (f) of this section.  Notwithstanding
    the preceding sentence, the Secretary may provide funds totaling up
    to 100 percent of the cost of such a proposal if the Secretary
    determines that an eligible institution would otherwise be unable
    to carry out the proposal.
      (2) The Secretary may allocate not more than 10 percent of the
    funds appropriated under this section for the acquisition and
    installation of telecommunications transmission facilities.
    (h) Authorization of appropriations
      For the purposes of implementing the program established under
    this section, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated not
    more than $12,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 through
    2002.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1673, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3773; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(12), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1865; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 837, Apr. 4, 1996,
    110 Stat. 1169; Pub. L. 105-185, title II, Sec. 245, title III,
    Sec. 301(b)(2), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 556, 563.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1998 - Subsec. (c)(1) to (7). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 245(1), added
    pars. (1) and (7) and redesignated former pars. (1) to (5) as (2)
    to (6), respectively.
      Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 245(2), substituted ''The
    Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a program, to be
    administered through a grant provided to A*DEC under terms and
    conditions established by the Secretary of Agriculture,'' for ''The
    Secretary shall establish a program, to be administered by the
    Assistant Secretary for Science and Education,''.
      Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 245(3), substituted
    ''A*DEC'' for ''the Assistant Secretary for Science and Education''
    in first sentence.
      Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 301(b)(2), substituted
    ''2002'' for ''1997''.
      1996 - Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for
    ''1995''.
      1991 - Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''programs
    of'' for ''programs or''.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5927                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5927. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 864, Apr. 4,
        1996, 110 Stat. 1174
 
-MISC1-
      Section, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1674, Nov. 28, 1990,
    104 Stat. 3775; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(13), Dec. 13,
    1991, 105 Stat. 1865, provided for establishment of Agriculture
    Research Facilities Planning and Closure Study Commission.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5928                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5928. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(c), June
        23, 1998, 112 Stat. 563
 
-MISC1-
      Section, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1675, Nov. 28, 1990,
    104 Stat. 3777; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(14), Dec. 13,
    1991, 105 Stat. 1865; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 838, Apr.
    4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1169, related to national centers for
    agricultural product quality research.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5929                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5929. Red meat safety research center
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Establishment of center
      The Secretary of Agriculture shall award a grant, on a
    competitive basis, to a research facility described in subsection
    (b) of this section to establish a red meat safety research center.
    (b) Eligible research facility described
      A research facility eligible for a grant under subsection (a) of
    this section is a research facility that -
        (1) is part of a land-grant college or university, or other
      federally supported agricultural research facility, located in
      close proximity to a livestock slaughter and processing facility;
      and
        (2) is staffed by professionals with a wide diversity of
      scientific expertise covering all aspects of meat science.
    (c) Research conducted
      The red meat safety research center established under subsection
    (a) of this section shall carry out research related to general
    food safety, including -
        (1) the development of intervention strategies that reduce
      microbiological contamination of carcass surfaces;
        (2) research regarding microbiological mapping of carcass
      surfaces; and
        (3) the development of model hazard analysis and critical
      control point plans.
    (d) Administration of funds
      The Secretary of Agriculture shall administer funds appropriated
    to carry out this section.
    (e) Authorization of appropriations
      There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are
    necessary for fiscal year 1997 to carry out this section.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1676, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3779; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 839, Apr. 4, 1996, 110
    Stat. 1169.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''Red meat safety research
    center'' for ''Turkey Research Center'' in section catchline and
    amended text generally.  Prior to amendment, text read as follows:
    ''There are authorized to be appropriated $500,000 for fiscal year
    1992 to be used by the Agricultural Research Service for planning
    purposes in the establishment of a facility to be known as the
    Agricultural Turkey Research Center to be located in Pelican
    Rapids, Minnesota, and operated in cooperation with the North
    Dakota State University.''
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5930                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5930. Reservation extension agents
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Establishment
      The Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Extension
    Service, shall establish appropriate extension education programs
    on Indian reservations and tribal jurisdictions.  In establishing
    these extension programs, the Secretary shall consult with the
    Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Intertribal Agriculture Council, and
    the Southwest Indian Agriculture Association, and shall make such
    interagency cooperative agreements or memoranda of understanding as
    may be necessary.  The programs to be developed and delivered on
    reservations and within tribal jurisdictions shall be determined
    with the advice and counsel of reservation or tribal program
    advisory committees.
    (b) Administration and management
      Extension agents shall be employees of, and administratively
    responsible to, the Cooperative Extension Service of the State
    within which the reservation or tribal jurisdiction is located, and
    employment and personnel management responsibilities shall be
    vested with the State Cooperative Extension Service. In cases where
    a reservation or tribal jurisdiction is located in two or more
    States, the Secretary of Agriculture shall make the determination
    of administrative responsibility, including possible divisions
    along State boundaries.
    (c) Advisory committees
      At the request of a State Extension Director, and with the
    assistance of the tribal authorities, the Secretary of Agriculture
    may form an advisory committee to give overall policy and program
    advice to that State Extension Director with regard to programs
    conducted on reservations or within tribal jurisdictions.  Program
    advisory committees may be formed to assist extension staff in
    development and conduct of program activities.
    (d) Staffing
      Insofar as possible, agent and specialist staff shall include
    individuals representative of the tribal grouping being served.
    Programs shall emphasize training and employment of local people in
    positions such as program aides, master gardeners, and volunteers.
    Staffing at a particular location shall be dependent on the needs
    and priorities of that location, as identified by the advisory
    committees and the State Extension Director, and the Director may
    make use of existing personnel and facilities as appropriate.
    (e) Placing of agents
      The number of offices and their placement shall be jointly
    determined by the State Extension Directors and tribal authorities
    of the respective States by taking into consideration the
    agricultural acreage within the boundaries of an Indian reservation
    or tribal jurisdiction, the soil classifications of such acreage,
    and the population of such reservation or tribal jurisdiction.
    (f) Reduced regulatory burden
      On a determination by the Secretary of Agriculture that a program
    carried out under this section has been satisfactorily administered
    for not less than 2 years, the Secretary shall implement a reduced
    reapplication process for the continued operation of the program in
    order to reduce regulatory burdens on participating university and
    tribal entities.
    (g) Authorization of appropriations
      There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be
    necessary to carry out this section.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1677, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3779; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(15), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1865; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 840, Apr. 4, 1996,
    110 Stat. 1170.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1996 - Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 104-127 added subsec. (f) and
    redesignated former subsec. (f) as (g).
      1991 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 407(15)(A), (B),
    substituted ''reservation'' for ''Reservation'' and
    ''reservations'' for ''Reservations'' wherever appearing.
      Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 407(15)(A), substituted
    ''reservation'' for ''Reservation'' in two places.
      Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 407(15)(C), substituted
    ''tribal'' for ''Tribal'' after ''assistance of the''.
      Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 407(15)(A), substituted
    ''reservation'' for ''Reservation'' in two places.
           INDIAN SUBSISTENCE FARMING DEMONSTRATION GRANT PROGRAM
      Pub. L. 102-237, title IX, subtitle C, Sec. 931-939, Dec. 13,
    1991, 105 Stat. 1889, established Indian subsistence farming
    demonstration grant program to provide grants to any Indian tribe,
    or intertribal consortium, for establishment on Indian reservations
    of subsistence farming operations that grow fresh produce for
    distribution to eligible recipients, and provided for definitions,
    applications for assistance, training and technical assistance by
    Extension Service, tribal consultation, use, amount, and terms of
    grants, additional requirements, and authorization of
    appropriations through fiscal year 1995, prior to repeal by Pub. L.
    104-127, title VIII, Sec. 874, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1175.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5931, 5932                                       01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5931, 5932. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 865,
        866, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1174
 
-MISC1-
      Section 5931, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1678, Nov. 28,
    1990, 104 Stat. 3780; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(16), Dec.
    13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1865, related to special grants to study
    constraints on agricultural trade.
      Section 5932, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1679, Nov. 28,
    1990, 104 Stat. 3780, provided for establishment of five-year pilot
    project to coordinate food and nutrition education programs.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5933                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5933. Assistive technology program for farmers with
        disabilities
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Special demonstration grants
      (1) In general
        The Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with other
      appropriate Federal agencies, shall make demonstration grants to
      support cooperative programs between State Cooperative Extension
      Service agencies and private nonprofit disability organizations
      to provide on-the-farm agricultural education and assistance
      directed at accommodating disability in farm operations for
      individuals with disabilities who are engaged in farming and
      farm-related occupations and their families.
      (2) Eligible services
        Grants awarded under paragraph (1) may be used to support
      programs serving individuals with disabilities, and their
      families, who are engaged in farming and farm-related
      occupations.
      (3) Eligible programs
        Grants awarded under paragraph (1) may be used to initiate,
      expand, or sustain programs that -
          (A) provide direct education and assistance to accommodate
        disability in farming to individuals with disabilities who
        engage in farming and farm-related occupations;
          (B) provide on-the-farm technical advice concerning the
        design, fabrication, and use of agricultural and related
        equipment, machinery, and tools, and assist in the modification
        of farm worksites, operations, and living arrangements to
        accommodate individuals with disabilities who engage in
        farming, farm living and farm-related tasks;
          (C) involve community and health care professionals,
        including Extension Service agents and others, in the early
        identification of farm and rural families that are in need of
        services related to the disability of an individual;
          (D) provide specialized education programs to enhance the
        professional competencies of rural agricultural professionals,
        rehabilitation and health care providers, vocational
        counselors, and other providers of service to individuals with
        disabilities, and their families, who engage in farming or
        farm-related occupations; and
          (E) mobilize rural volunteer resources, including peer
        counseling among farmers with disabilities and rural ingenuity
        networks promoting cost effective methods or accommodating
        disabilities in farming and farm-related activities.
      (4) Extension Service agencies
        Grants shall be awarded under this subsection directly to State
      Extension Service agencies to enable them to enter into
      contracts, on a multiyear basis, with private nonprofit
      community-based direct service organizations to initiate, expand,
      or sustain cooperative programs described under paragraphs (2)
      and (3).
      (5) Minimum amount
        A grant awarded under this subsection may not be less than
      $150,000.
    (b) National grant for technical assistance, training, and
        dissemination
      The Secretary of Agriculture shall award a competitive grant to a
    national private nonprofit disability organization to enable such
    organization to provide technical assistance, training, information
    dissemination and other activities to support community-based
    direct service programs of on-site rural rehabilitation and
    assistive technology for individuals with disabilities, and their
    families, who are engaged in farming or farm-related occupations.
    (c) Authorization of appropriations
      (1) In general
        Subject to paragraph (2), there is authorized to be
      appropriated to carry out this section $6,000,000 for each of
      fiscal years 1999 through 2002.
      (2) National grant
        Not more than 15 percent of the amounts made available under
      paragraph (1) for a fiscal year shall be used to carry out
      subsection (b) of this section.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1680, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3781; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 841, Apr. 4, 1996, 110
    Stat. 1170; Pub. L. 105-185, title II, Sec. 246, June 23, 1998, 112
    Stat. 556.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1998 - Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 246(1), struck out
    heading and text of par. (6). Text read as follows: ''There are
    authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection -
        ''(A) not less than $3,000,000 for each of the fiscal years
      1991 and 1992; and
        ''(B) not less than $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years
      1993 through 1997.''
      Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 246(2), struck out par. (1)
    designation and heading and struck out heading and text of par.
    (2). Text read as follows: ''There are authorized to be
    appropriated $1,000,000 to carry out this subsection for each of
    the fiscal years 1991 through 1997.''
      Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 246(3), added subsec. (c).
      1996 - Subsecs. (a)(6)(B), (b)(2). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted
    ''1997'' for ''1996''.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5934                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5934. Research on honeybee diseases
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Sense of Congress
      It is the sense of Congress that -
        (1) diseases affecting the entire honeybee population impact on
      the ability of honeybees to carry out crop pollination and honey
      production, and therefore impact negatively on beekeepers,
      producers and consumers; and
        (2) certain diseases (such as those caused by tracheal mite,
      varroa mite, and the Africanized honeybee) pose a threat to the
      continued well-being of the general honeybee population, and thus
      merit further study.
    (b) Research
      Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of
    Agriculture shall give priority attention to the funding of
    research regarding the diseases referred to in subsection (a) of
    this section that are affecting the honeybee population.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1681, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.
    3782; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(17), Dec. 13, 1991, 105
    Stat. 1865.)
 
-MISC1-
                                 AMENDMENTS
      1991 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''tracheal
    mite'' for ''teacheal mite''.
 
-CITE-
     7 USC Sec. 5935                                             01/05/99
 
-EXPCITE-
    TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE
    CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH
    SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS
 
-HEAD-
    Sec. 5935. Use of remote sensing data and other data to anticipate
        potential food, feed, and fiber shortages or excesses and to
        provide timely information to assist farmers with planting
        decisions
 
-STATUTE-
    (a) Findings
      Congress finds that -
        (1) remote sensing data can be useful to predict impending
      famine problems and forest infestations in time to allow remedial
      action;
        (2) remote sensing data can inform the agricultural community
      as to the condition of crops and the land that sustains those
      crops; and
        (3) remote sensing data and other data can be valuable, when
      received on a timely basis, in determining the need for
      additional plantings of a particular crop or a substitute crop.
    (b) Information development
      The Secretary of Agriculture and the Administrator of the
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, maximizing private
    funding and involvement, shall provide farmers and other interested
    persons with timely information, through remote sensing, on crop
    conditions, fertilization and irrigation needs, pest infiltration,
    soil conditions, projected food, feed, and fiber production, and
    any other information available through remote sensing.
    (c) Coordination
      The Secretary of Agriculture and the Administrator of the
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration shall jointly develop
    a proposal to provide farmers and other prospective users with
    supply and demand information for food and fibers.
    (d) Sunset
      The authorities provided by this section shall expire 5 years
    after April 4, 1996.
 
-SOURCE-
    (Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 892, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.
    1183.)
 
-COD-
                                CODIFICATION
      Section was enacted as part of the Federal Agriculture
    Improvement and Reform Act of 1996, and not as part of subtitle H
    of title XVI of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act
    of 1990 which comprises this subchapter.
 


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