United States v. Rhodes
27 Federal Cases, 785, 1 Abb. U.S. 28; 1 Am. Law T. Rep. U.S. Ctgs. 22; 7 Am. Law Reg. (N.S.) 233 (1866).
[27 Federal Cases, 785, 793] When the Civil War broke out, slavery of the African race subsisted in fifteen states of the Union."
[27 Federal Cases, 785, 794] "The [14th] amendment reversed and annulled the original policy of the constitution, which left it to each state to decide exclusively for itself whether slavery should or should not exist as a local institution, and what disabilities should attach to those of the service race within its limits. The white needed no relief or protection, and they are practically unaffected by the amendment. The emancipation which it wrought was an act of great national grace, and was doubtless intended to reach further in its effects to every one within its scope, than the consequences of a manumission by a private individual."