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See:   Quicksilver, Oil of Talk

"…For the same use, is a glass stone used, that shines like Silver.  But no better water is prepared, then from Talk, or Quicksilver, as I shall show in that which follows…"

"…how Talk may be Dissolved into water or Oil.  We shall here only set down, how it may be fitted to women's use.  Of all such ways are used, I shall set forth such as I have tried to be good.  Beat Talk in a Mortar of metal…"


"…For while they fight, they strive to be gone, and they are sometime held in the Falcon's Talons, and are wounded with diverse strokes…"


"…Others say, with Oil of Peter, Duck's grease, and Pith of the Reed of Ferula, Brimstone, and as others think, with Oil, Tallow, Colophonia, Camphire, Rosin, Tow. .."

"…Mingle these with Oil to make it soft.  Then cover the Iron in this well, and dry it, and bury it in burning coals.  And, as I said, you may use Tallow and Butter the same way. .."


"…  Cicero reports, that Pythagoras made a young man more calm by a flower tune, who was a Tancomonite, and was Whitled with Wine, and mad for a Whore, and spurred forward by a Phrygian tune…"

Tanners Water   

"…Polish a Poniard, Sword or Knife, very well with Powder of Emril and oil, and then cleanse it with chalk, that no part may be dark, but that it may glister all over.  Then wet it all with juice of lemmons mingled with Tanners water, that is made with Vitriol…"


"…There is an Herb commonly called Argentaria, or Argentina, or Wild Tansey, whos leaves are greeen above, but on the backside they shine of a silver color…"


"…Then bind them about with cords, and dip them in Tar three or four times, that they may be well fenced about, lest being discharged by the violence of a Brass Cannon, they should break in pieces…"


 "…In time past there was great store of Spiders in Aquilia, which they commonly call Tarantula…"


See:  Strangle-tare

A weed that grows among wheat and other grain; alleged by modern naturalists to be the Lolium temulentum, or darnel.

 "…And when he found much Tares growing in the wheat, but very little in the Barley, he put the same experiment in other grain practice, and at last found in Pulse a hard and round Fetch, and moreover, that the herb Axesceed did grow among Pulse …"

"…The Olive, Wild Olive, Tares, Corn in Straw, Grass, and they are all the better sprinkled in Brine, but he more effectual they will be if she Fast three days before…"

Tarentine Nut   

"…If you would produce a Tarentine Nut, Palladius says, you must water the tree with Lye thrice a month throughout the whole year, and so you may obtain your purpose…"


"…But Tarentinus speaks of this matter more precisely.  If, says he, you cut the stock of a Black Poplar piecemeal into the earth, and pour upon it some Leaven that has been steeped in water, there will soon grow up some Poplar Toadstools…"

"..Must Engraff them into a Mulberry tree.  For this means the Pears will grow red, as Tarentinus and Diophanes do witness…"


Tartar the deposit of wine, means "infernal stuff," being derived from the word Tartaros (q.v.). Paracelsus says, "It is so called because it produces oil, water, tincture, and salt, which burn the patient as the fires of Tartarus burn."

"…To make wine of honey…then take two pounds of red wine Tartar, and boil them in water till they be dissolved…"

"…A Salt may be made of Thapsia.  It is very good to remove the Stone in the bladder or kidneys, and to dissolve the Tartar, or viscous Concrescency…"


"…By the same way, in the very same day, from Olympi to Aegina, was the victory of Taurosthenes declared to his father…"


"… It is certain, that those who live upon that are never troubled with Dysentery, Tenasmus, or any diseases of the belly…"


Tenuity - Thinness, smallness in diameter; exility; thinness, applied to a broad substance, and slenderness, applied to one that is long; as the tenuity of paper or of a leaf; the tenuity of a hair or filament. . Rarity; rareness; thinness; as of a fluid; as the tenuity of the air in the higher regions of the atmosphere; the tenuity of the blood. Poverty.

"…That the Wheatmeal may be managed with the life of its heat, which is the offspring of Celestial fire.  By nature it is of such Tenuity, that being raised with its heat, it will make the lump swell so much, that it will come up to the top of the vessel…"

Terra Lemnia   

See:   Lemina

"…Or thus may you restrain that part of common Whores, with Galls, Gums, whites of Eggs, Dragon's blood, Acacia, Plantain, Hypocistis, Balanstia, Mastick, Cypress nuts, Grape skins, Acorn cups.  Or in that hollow part where the Glans breaks forth, and gaping, shows the Nucleus, with Mastick and Terra Lemnia…"


"…Now I will recite those Distillations, which draw out neither water nor Oil , but a middle between the both.  For the Terrene parts are forced up, turned into water by the vehemency of the fire…"


Terrify - To menace or threaten; intimidate.

"… Pliny, the Daffodil is eaten with the seed and head Terrified.  But this roasted in the embers as Hesiod affirms, is eaten with Oil also Braised with Figs, it is eaten with great pleasure…"

"… Which   Pliny, writes of.   Dates that are very dry of Thebes and Arabia, that are slender and very lean, with a continual vapour they are Terrified, and are covered rather with a shell then a skin…"


"…For in some membranes, where the Testes are bound together, under which there are some soft Carbuncles, and tender, that are called Lions Fat…"


"…the Herb Ragwort is forcible unto; for they grow double, a greater and a smaller, the greater helps generation, and the smaller hinders it. And this Herb is called Testiculus…"


"…Against TettersDistil water from the roots of Sowredock, and add to every pound of these, of Pompions and Saltpeter, half an ounce.   Tartar of White Wine, two ounces.  Let them soak for some days…"

"…Take Saltpeter, three ounces, Oil of bitter Almonds, two pounds, of Squils, half a pound.  One Lemon without the Pills.  Mingle them, and let them ferment three days.  Then, with chemical instruments, extract the oil, and anoint your Tetters therewith, and they will be gone, though they seem to turn to a Leprosy…"


"…Wherefore cut off that part of the semicircle, which is situated from a Pentagon as far as a Tetragon, as it were the band of the circle…"


"…  Terpander and Aaron of Methymna, cured the men of Lesbos and Jonia of great diseases.   Asclepiades, a physitian, cured deaf people by a trumpet, and by singing he stilled the sedicious people…"

Thales of Miletus /  Thales Milerius          

Thales of Miletus, c.636-c.546 BC, was the first known Greek philosopher and scientist. Because none of his writing survives, it is difficult to separate fact from legend in the accounts of his views. He achieved renown as a military advisor and engineer and was evidently a shrewd man of affairs. Stories of his travels to Egypt and Babylon rest on dubious inferences. He is said to have predicted an eclipse of the Sun in 585 BC.

"…Thales, as soon as he saw it, told Periander, that he did not esteem it as a strange and monstrous thing, which the gods had sent to protend and betoken the sedition's and commotion's likely to ensue, as Diocese thought of it, but rather as a natural thing…"

"…  Thales Milerius used a Harp, against the Plague, which could be of no other Wood than the Vine-tree…"


"…If you wash the black and blue places with the juice of the leaves and roots of Thapsia made into cakes in the Sun, but one night, they will be taken away…"

"…A Salt may be made of Thapsia.  It is very good to remove the Stone in the bladder or kidneys, and to dissolve the Tartar, or viscous Concrescency…"


(See Loadstone)

"…There is a mountain in Ethiopia, not far off, that produces a stone called Theamedes, that drives away all iron from it. Dioscorides describes it thus…"

"…And again, in the same Ethiopia, there is a mountain that produces the stone Theamedes, that drives off Iron and rejects it …"

Theatrical Glass  

"…In each of them you shall see several faces, and so quite round, as we see it often when people dance round, or in a theater, and therefore it is called a Theatrical Glass…"


(See Aconitum, Aconite, Monkshood, Dogs Bane, Theliphonum, PardalianchesMyoetonon,) 

"… Aconite called Theliphonum, from killing scorpions…."


"…  Themistius says, that among animals, Pigeons have the best memory, as having a clear and refined mind…"


Themistocles, c.524-c.460 BC, one of the greatest statesmen of Athens, was the creator of the Athenian navy and, through it, of the Athenian empire. In 483 he persuaded Athens to build a fleet with revenue from newly discovered silver mines. Some reports alleged that Themistocles committed suicide when called upon to take part in a naval war against the Athenians.

"…so that this kind of fish breeds all times of the year, in shadowy and warm places, when the soil is heated, as in Attica, near to Salamnia, and in Marathon, where Themistocles got his famous victory…"


"…You may find many things in Theocritus and Virgil, of this kind ( Enchantment)…"


"… For Hippace signifies Cheese made of Mares Milk, and is no herb.   Theodorus translated it Equestrem, as it were a root like Licorice, fit to drive away hunger and thirst…"


"...Oppianus in his Ixeutica says, that there is a bird known well enough, called Theocronus, which is generated of a male hawk, and a female eagle. .."


A Greek philosopher and scientist and Aristotle's pupil, Theophrastus, c.371-c.286 BC, headed the PERIPATETICS following Aristotle. Although he criticized some basic Aristotelian positions, Theophrastus's works--few of which are extant--were primarily developments of those of Aristotle, with the emphasis on the empirical and scientific. Theophrastus's own scientific works, particularly those in botany, were highly influential. Theophrastus is also known for his Doctrines of the Natural Philosophers; for Characters, a satirical study of ethical types; and for his contributions to logic.

"…And Theophrastus says, that the flower of the herb Lotum, is not only open and shut, but also sometimes hides, and sometimes shows here stalk for sunset to midnight, and this, says he, is done about the river Euphrates…"

"…  Athenaus says, that dogs and crows are made drunk with an herb called Aenutra.  But Theophrastus, from whom he had it, says, that the root of Aenothera, given with wine, will make them more tame and gentle.  Whence Aenutra comes, by corruption of the word.   Theophrastus, his Aenothera is Rhododaphne…"


"… The hollow cave in Nymphaeum foreshows terrible things to the men of Apollonia.  As Theopompus writes, it increases by shower, and it casts forth Bitumen, that must be tempered with that fountain that cannot be rafted, otherwise t is more weak then any Bitumen is…"


"How a dead carcass may be kept long…Of Aloes wood half a pound, of the oil of Spicknard three ounces, of the powder of Rosemary flowers five, of burnt green Brass and Calcanthum two, of the best Theriack four…"


"…were excellent Magicians: as, amongst the Persians, Zoroastres the son of Orimafius, whom we spoke of before, amongst the Romans, Numa Pompilius; Thespion, amongst the Gymnosophists; Zamolxis, amongst the Thracians: Abbarais, amongst the Hyperboreans; Hermes, amongst the Egyptians and Budda among the Babylonians. Besides these, Apuleius reckons up Carinondas, Damigeron, Hifmoses, Apollonius, and Dardanus, who all followed Zoroastres and Osthanes. .."


"…  Philarchus reports of another kind (women that kill whatever they look earnestly on), called Thibians in Pontus, who had two pupils in one eye, and in the other the picture of a Horse…"


 "…Take the flowers of Sage, Origanum, Mugwort, Savory, Elder, Sage leaves, White Mint, Rosemary, Basil, Marjoram, Pennyroyal, Rosebuds, the roots of Betony, Pellitory, Snake-weed, White Thistle, Aristolochy, Elder, Cretan Dittany, Currants…"

"…And their tilled lands, those that are somewhat moist, when they lie fallow, bring forth Thistles…"


"… Homer was not ignorant of, who writing of skins and Thongs. A Thong, says he, of an Ox slain by force, for the skins of those creatures are tougher and stronger, when they die not by old age or of diseases, but are slain…"

Thos / Thoes  

"…A strong and swift dog gendred of a kind of Wolf called Thos,…"

"…Oppianus says, that the panther and the wolf do gender this Thoes, and yet he is of neither kind…"


"…Theophrastus would have Hemlock gathered and fetched from Sufa, because Thrasias was of opinion, that there it might safely be taken, and in other very cold places. For whereas in Athens the juice of it's poison, odious among the Athenians, because it is given to kill men in common executions, and Socrates there taking it, died presently…"

Thracian Stone    

"… Dioscorides says, that the Thracian Stone is bred in a certain river of Scythia, the name of it is Pontus.  It has the force of Jet, they say it is inflamed by water, and quenched with oil, like as Bitumen…"


"…How a householder may provide himself with many sorts of Thread…"

"…also there is made Thread of Aloes in America.  It is hard, white, and most perfect…"


"…run toward the Loadstone, touching it, that is the very point of attraction, and the beams of its virtue are sent round about them from that point.  Wherefore the farther from that point the Iron is, the more faintly and weakly will it move.  For the more forcible virtue nests in the center, as in its Throne…"


Thrush - Any one of numerous species of singing birds belonging to Turdus and allied genera. They are noted for the sweetness of their songs.

"… Fed thus, they will grow as fat as great Sappers in Fig time, and so tender, that they will melt in your mouth, and they taste better by far then Pheasants, Heathcocks, or Thrushes…"

"…The the foresaid dainties, namely Thrushes, Udders, Gnatsnappers, and many Eggs poured unto them, Oysters, Scallops, were thrust into his belly at his mouth…"


Thucydides, c.460-c.400 BC, the Athenian historian of the Peloponnesian war, is considered by many to be the greatest of the ancient Greek historians. Thucydides served as general in 424 but was banished from Athens in that year for his failure to protect Amphipolis from the Spartans. He returned from exile after the war ended in 404.

".. Thucidides says, that those that besieged Plataenenses, when the engines would do no good, they fell to fireworks.   For casting about the walls bundles of stuff, and throwing in fire, Brimstone and Pitch, they burnt the wall…"


"…Ticinus, a river in Italy, produces a fish called Thymalus, that is not taken with the dainty baits that other fish are, but only with the gnat, an enemy to man, and she delights in no other bait…"


"… The Tibarita, says Simaus, before they drank, fenced themselves by feeding on Coleworts.   Alexis…"


"…  Columella says, that Tiberius the Emperour took great delight in the cucumbers that were thus ripened, which he had at all times of the year…"

"…  Livia Augusta, when she was young and great with the child of Nero, by Caesar Tiberius, because she earnestly desired to bring first a boy.  She made use of this Omen to try it by…"


"…all these thing are to keep Dogs from barking.   Nigidius says, that Dogs will all day fly from him who pulls off a Tick from a Sow, and carries it a while about him…"

Tile tree  

"…Anyone may make letters upon wood, and not be suspected.  For they shall not be seen, but when we please.  Let the wood be fleshy and soft, of Poplar, or Tile tree, or suchlike…"


"…Other properties there are also of places and fountains, which he that would know, may learn out of Theophrastus, Timaus, Poffidonius, Hegefias, Aristides, Meirodorus, and the like, who have very diligently sought out, and registered the properties of places, and out of them, Pliny, Solinus, and such writers have gathered their books…"


Timoxenus, captain of the Scionaeans

"…Sometimes therefore they sought a way in the air, and used arrows for messengers, that none might intercept them.   Herodotus says, that Artabazus and Timoxenus did this, when one would declare anything to the other…"


"…One Timotheus, a musician, as often as he pleased would pay a Phrygian tune, and so enrage the mind of Alexander, that he ran presently to the wars…"


"…That is called a Parabolical Section, that more forcibly farther off and in shorter time, will set matter on fire.  That is opposite to it.  It will melt Lead and Tin…"

"John Baptist Porta - "Natural Magick" - Volumn XII "…Let it not be a Steel glass, because it cannot sustain the heat of burning, and by burning it loses its brightness.  Let it be therefore of glass a finger thick.  Let the Tin foil be of purged Antimony and Lead, such as they make in Germany…"


Tincture:  The finer and more volatile parts of a substance, separated by a solvent; an extract of a part of the substance of a body communicated to the solvent. . <medicine> A solution (commonly coloured) of medicinal substance in alcohol, usually more or less diluted; spirit containing medicinal substances in solution.

"…I shall teach how to give Silver a Tincture that it may show like to pure Gold, and after that, how it may be turned to a true Gold…"

"…A Tincture is the purest and most active part of a colored body extracted.  The noblest   Essence of a compound.  It is Extracted out of gems, flowers, roots, seeds, and such-like.  It differs from Quintessence thus, that it especially draws the color of the body from whence it is Extracted…"


 "…It is healthful, in these diseases, to apply bitter things to kill these Worms, called Tiners or Syrens.  Take the flowers of Myrtle trees, Broom-clary, boil them in Vinegar , till the Vinegar is consumed, then rub the ends of the hair continually with it…"


"…The falcon, seagull, the turtle, the blackbird, the vulture, the nightbird, called Scopes, perish with pomegranate kernels.  The Titling by the flower of willows.  The crow with Rocket seed…"


Leafy spurge was also known as 'Faitour's Grass' or 'Tithymal'  

"…The wild cucumber, and Coloquintida, kill mice.  If mice eat Tithymal, cut into small pieces, and mingled with flour and Metheglin, they will be blind.  So Chamaelion, Myacanthus, Realgar, namely, of live Brimstone, quicklime and Orpiment will do the same…"

"… Tumours and cavities are made by using to the part milk of Tithymal, as to the mouth, nose, eyes, especially where the skin is off, that by this remedy alone the face is deformed…"


 "…If, says he, you would make anyone smooth from hair, cast a Pale Frog into water, and boil it to a third part, and with that anoint the body.  By by Pale Frog we must understand a Toad…"

"…In Dariene, a Province of the new world, the air is most unwholesome, the place being muddy and full of stinking marshes, nay, the village is itself a marsh, where Toads are presently gendered of the drops wherewith they water their houses, as Peter Martyr writes…"


"…What should I here rehearse, how many kinds of Toadstools and Puffs we have produced?  Yes, of every several mixture of putrified things, so many several kinds have been generated…"


"…Of the herb called Tobacco, namely of the juice thereof, and the ashes of Cockle shells they make little balls and dry them in the shade…"

"…The virtues of TobaccoOut of the seeds of it is expressed an Oil, three ounces of a pound, which allays the cruel tortures of the Gout…."


"…And these being thus Racked and Toffed with great pains, at the journeys end you shall find them dead, and very tender..."


"… Zonaras the Greek, writes in the third Tome of histories, that Anastasius moved sedition against Vitalianus a Thracian, and he got those of Mysia, and the Scythians to stand with him…"


"…They take the melted glass out with an Iron.  With their Blast they frame an empty Pillar.  They open it on one side with their Tongs, and while it is red hot they lay it upon a plain plate of Iron, that is equally made…"

"… Take away the vessel with a pair of Tongs, and cast it into another Iron pyramidal vessel red hot, called a Crucible, that has in the bottome of it Ram's fat…"


"…Make a Linen  Tongue, or of Bombast, and dip into the vessel, where Wine is mingled with water…"


Toothsome - Grateful to the taste; palable.

"…Sweet Rochet,… Such as will yield leaves that shall be more Toothsome, if you water it with Salt Liquor…"


Tortoise - Any one of numerous species of reptiles of the order Testudinata. &hand; The term is applied especially to the land and fresh-water species, while the marine species are generally called turtles, but the terms tortoise and turtle are used synonymously by many writers.

"…Wash a Tortoise with wine a good while, and give one of that wine to drink privately, half a cupfull every morning for three days, and you shall see a wonderful virtue.   Myrepsus…."

"…The Tortoise, having eaten a serpent, dispels the poison by eating the herb Oregano…"


"…When you have made a Topaz, and would have a Chrysolite, add a little more Copper, that it may have a little verdure.  For the Chrysolite differs from the Topaz in nothing, but that it has a greater luster…"

"…To counterfeit the Topaz. To every pound of glass, add a quarter of an ounce of Crocus of iron, and three ounces of red lead, to make it of a brighter red.  First put in the lead, then the Crocus of iron…"


A small-flowered form is very frequent on heaths and in dry pastures, a larger-flowered, in which the slender stems do not rise, but trail on the ground, is more general in woods, and on hedge-banks. From the ascending form, 6 to 12 inches high, this species has been called P. erecta, but even in this case the long stems are more often creeping and ascending rather than actually erect. The name Tormentil is said to be derived from the Latin tormentum, which signifies such gripings of the intestines as the herb will serve to relieve, likewise the twinges of toothache. The plant is very astringent, and has been used in some places for tanning.

"…In the month of July, take three ounces of the seed, stamp it gently, and steep it in two glasses of the best white Wine, with Gentian, Tormentil, white Dittany, Zedoary, and Carline gathered in August…"

 "… Tormentil boiled in good wine, and boil wheat or barley in the same, cast to birds, is good to catch them…"

Torrefied  / Torrify       

"…  Cassianus makes it thus;  Put into a vessel old Figs, Torrefied Barley, and the internal parts of Citrons. .."

"… Then they add some Torrefied Salt, and that hinders Worms and other other Vermin to breed in it…"


"…Then put your measure of powder in atop, and stamp in your Bullet.  Putting Gunpowder to the Touch-hole…"


"…Yet put it not on the edges, for the fraud will be easily discovered by rubbing it on the Touch-stone…"

 "…The Tincture will fall off, when the glutinous matter is gone.  Make a powder of a very fine Touch-stone…"


"…But in the concave part of this dart there was glue and fuel, for fire not to be extinguished, of Colophonia, Brimstone, and Saltpeter, all mingled with Oil of Bays.  Others say, with Oil of Peter, Ducks grease, and Pith of the reed of Ferula, Brimstone, and as others think, with Oil, Tallow, Colophonia, Camphire, Rosin, Tow…"

"…Because as Democritus states, the dryness of the dust preserves them  ( Quinces)  from Putrefaction.  They may be also kept in Wool, fine Tow, or the like in chests…"

Tranquillas, Suetonius   

"…But Suetonius Tranquillas, in his book, De Ludicra Historia, says, that in winter some strings are struck, and others sound…"


The uncrystallized syrup drained from partly refined sugar, a golden syrup. (2) The uncrystallized syrup drained from raw sugar in refining, molasses & frequently distinguished as black treacle.

"…  Florentinus says, that you may make a Fig to grow which shall be good against the biting of venemous beasts, if you set it after it has been laid in Treacle…"

 "…Upon this, I thrust half a Drachm of Treacle, or Mithridate, mixed with Aqua Vitae, into a Viper's mouth, and she died within half an hour…


"…Almost the same way is there made a little chest of many plain glasses, covered round.  This they call the Treasury.  On the ground, arches and walls, were there pearls, jewels, birds, and monies hanging, and these were so multiplied by the reflections of the glasses, that it represented a most rich treasury indeed…"


 "…Wherefore I will leave the discourse of it to a particular Treatise, which I intend to set out at large on this matter…"

Tree of Garden-dainties    

"…A tree, which of itself may yield you the fruit of all trees.  A thing which I have seen, and in merriment have often called it, the Tree of Garden-dainties…"


"… Albertus reports, (if the thing be as true as it is strange, but let the truth thereof lie upon his credit) he reports, I say, that Oak or Beech boughs being Grafted  into the Tree Myrica, is quite changed into it, and so into the tree called Tremisca, which is a baser kind of wood…"


 "…I make a Trestle with legs of two foot in length.  There must a hole be bored in the plank of it, to receive the neck of the Limbeck…"


"… Tretres writes, that the Unicorn so hunts after young virgins, that he will grow tame with them.  And sometimes he will fall asleep by them, and be taken and bound…"


"…Take four pounds of rose water, two of orange flowers, one of myrtle, three ounces of sweet Trifoil, one of Lavender.  Add to these, two ounces of Benjamin, one of Storax, the quantity of bean of Labdanum, as much of Mace and cloves, a drachm of cinnamon, Sanders, and Lignum Aloes, an ounce of Spikenard…"


"…And upon this they sprinkle water of Depart and powder of Tripolis.  And by rubbing it diligently, you shall see it take a perfect glass.  Thus are your great Lenticulars, and Spectacles made at Venice…"

"…When it is come to temper it should be, cast upon it two ounces of Borax, and let it alone till it dissolve into smoke.  Then cast it into your mold, and let it cool.  When it is cool, rub it with a Pumice-stone, then with powder of Emril.  When you see that the supersicies is perfectly polished and equal, rub it over with Tripolis…"


See: Astroites

 "…Lay upon this the stone Trochites or Astroites, whose outward surfaces, is made smooth also…"


"…And Cocks will fat better then Hens, and such as never Trod nor made Eggs…"

Trojan Hog   

"…The ancient gluttons invented, how a whole ox or camel should be set on the table, and diverse other creatures.  Hence the people had a tale concerning the Trojan Hog.  So called, because he covered in his belly, many kinds of living creatures, as the ancient Trojan Horse concealed many armed men…"

Trojan Horse   

"…Also the Grecians compacted with Sinon, that by night, when the Trojans were asleep, those that came to Troy should have a token, when he should open the Trojan Horse, to let forth the soldiers that were within…"


"… Trotula says, we may honestly speak of this, because Conception is sometimes hindered by it, if the Matrix be too open…"


 "…They make Trouches of it with Gum Traganth.  Others to Sublimate, add a sixth part of Quicksilver, bruising it round about…"

 "…Afterwards make Trouches of it with Gum Traganth, that it may keep the better…"

Trumpet Trumpets        

"…But of old were made Dentifrices of the shells of Purples, and others like Trumpets burnt…"

"…  Terpander and Aaron of Methymna, cured the men of Lesbos and Jonia of great diseases.   Asclepiades, a physitian, cured deaf people by a Trumpet, and by singing he stilled the sedicious people…"


"…To signify to friends all things by a Trunk…"


"…or any such like commixtion, we must take the dung of a Sheep or a Goat, and though it be but a small substance, yet you must make a shift to bore the Truttle through the middle, and as well as you can, get out the inmost pith, and instead hereof put into it those seeds which you desire to have mingled together, packing them in as hard as the Truttle will bear it. .."

"…If you take, says he, a Truttle of Goats Dung , and bore it through, and make it hollow cunningly with a Bodkin, and then fill it up with the seed of Lettuce, Cresses, Basil, Rotchet, and Radish, and when you have so done, lap them up in more of the same Dung…"

Tuber Tree        

"…that the Oxyacantha, or the Barbery Tree, is nothing else but a Bastard, or a wild Tuber. and therefore if a man follow that example of   Corellius, and Graft the Oxyacantha often into the branch or stock, it will be much bettered, and become the Tuber tree…"

"… Medlars, and the fruit Tuber may be shut up in pitchers, so to be preserved…"


"…You must gather your Grapes when they are of a reasonable ripeness, and then lay them upon certain Hurdles, so that one cluster may not touch the other.  Then bring them within doors, and tuck away the dry, and withered, and rotten Grapes with a pair of Tuckers…"


See Cicero (wrote book Divinations)

"…Tully, in his book of Divination, says, that in the Persian language, a Magician is nothing else but one that expounds and studies divine things; and it is the general name of wise-men in that country…"


"…Then bruise Myrrh, and mingle it with the white of an Egg, and burn it on hot Firesticks, or red hot tiles, and receive the fume by a Tunnel…"

"…Then boil Spelt.  And when it is boiled, take the fume of it by a Tunnel.  Then rub your face with a course Linen cloth…"

Tuny Fish 

"…Or, take the liver of the Tuny fish, four drachms, Sea-squils, eight drachms, Sesame seed, four drachms, beans ground, eight drachms, of raw Dog fish, two drachms…"


"…  Turbith beaten, and boiled, and annointed on, makes all swell where it touches, chiefly the testicles…"


"…So we do Turkeys, Peacocks.  And when they cannot fly away by the weight of their bodies, for fear of death, with great pains and shaking of their wings, they fall down, that they may take no hurt by falling.  That those are so killed with fear of death, grow very tender…"


"… Pheasants, Partridges, Heathcocks, and Turkyhens, will fat being shut up..."

Turner  /  Turners Instrument            

"…Make a stick of three foot long, round on the outside, and with a Turners Instrument make it hollow within…"

"…Is a excellent remedy against the Pox, and is thus Extracted.  Take the shavings of Lingnum Guaiacum, or the dust of it, which the Turners work off.  For the file by continual friction, heats it, and exhausts the best Spirits…"


See: Spurge

or Heliotropium.

"", Culpeper, Nicholas, 1616-1654. -- "The greater Turnsole riseth up with one upright Stalk about a foot high or more, deviding it self almost from the bottom into diverse smaller Branches of a hoary colour: at each Joynt of the Stalk and Branches grow two smal broad Leaves somwhat white or hoary also: At the tops of the Stalks and Branches stand many small white Flowers consisting of four and somtimes five very small Leaves, set in order one about another, upon a smal crooked spike which turneth inwards like a bowed finger, opening by degrees as the Flowers blow open; after which in their places come smal corner'd Seed, four for the most part standing together. The Root is smal and threddy perishing every yeer, and the Seed shedding every yeer, raiseth it again the next Spring.  It groweth in Gardens, and Flowreth and Seedeth with us in England, notwithstanding it is not natural to this Land, but to Italy, Spain, and France, where it groweth plentifully. --'Tis an Herb of the Sun, and a good one too."

"…So many other Herbs follow the Sun, as the Herb Turnsole. For when the Sun rises, she holds down her head all day long, that the Sun may never so much as writhe any of her (there is such love as it were between them) and she stoops still the same way which the Sun goes. …"


"…As Pliny says, we have made most wholesome Bread of these mingled with meal, especially for men wasted and in consumptions, also Bread is made of Rape-roots, Turnips, and Skirworts"

Turpentine   \ Turpentine tree                         

Turpentine Tree - F. térébentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree.

Turpentine - A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree (Pistacia Terebinthus), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir.

Oil of Turpentine

"…The weapon Salve…Of Linseed Oil, Turpentine, and Bole-armenick, an ounce.   Bray them all together in a Mortar, and keep them in a long straight glass…"

"…This is a secret worth knowing.  Dissolve Goat Suet with a little Turpentine.  Rub the paper with this Liquor, and keep it…"


"…The Doves, for a preservative against enchantments, first gather some little Bay tree boughs, and then lay them upon their nests, to preserve their young, so do the Kites use White Brambles, the Turtles Swordgrass…"

"…The Falcon, Seagull, the Turtle, the Blackbird, the Vulture, the Nightbird, called Scopes, perish with Pomegranate kernels..."


"… Fill the hollow hole with this composition.  Gunpowder three parts, Colophonia, Tutia, Brimstone, half a part…"


 "…To stain Crystal with the color of Jacinth, or a Ruby, without breaking, or wearing it….take six parts of Stibium, four of Orpin, three of Arsenic, as much of Sulphur, two of Tutty…"

 "…Take two bottles of Greek wine, half a pint of white Rose Water, of Celendine, two ounces, of Fennel, Rue, Eye-Bright, as much, of Tutty, half an ounce, of Cloves as much, Sugar-Candy of Roses, one Drachm, Camphire, half a Drachm, and as much Aloes…"

Tyaneus, Appolonius   

See:  Apollonius of Perga 

"…St. Jerome writing to Paulinus, says, that Apollonius Tyaneus was a magician, as the people thought; or a Philosopher, as the Pythagoreans esteemed him…"

Tygre /  Tyger  

"…as Aristotle writes, is in all his entrails like a wolfs, and is a strong beast, swift, and is wont to encounter a lion. Pliny says, it is kind of wolf, Hesychius says, it is like a wolf, Herodotus, that it is gendered in Africa. Solinus called them Ethiopian Wolves. Nearchus calls these beasts Tygres, and says there be diverse kinds of them…"

"…This is called by some a Mastiff, by others a Warrior, or a Hircan-Dog. Aristotle calls them Indian-dogs, and says, they are generated of a Dog and a Tygre…"


"…Take Tylhimalus, or Spurge, roots of wildflowers, Horseradish Bryonica and obtain of each equal quantities.  Pound all together so that you may get a least one pound of Red Haired Childs Water…"


"… Upon the supersicies of the Tympanum let there be C a very little hole with a cover to it, or let it have as the Greeks call it, Smerismation, to shut and open it handsomely…"


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