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Habergeon  (Hauberk) - Properly, a short hauberk, but often used loosely for the hauberk.  A coat of mail; especially, the long coat of mail of the European Middle Ages, as contrasted with the habergeon, which is shorter and sometimes sleeveless.

"…How an Habergeon or Coat of Arms is to be tempered…"


Hackle - One of the peculiar, long, narrow feathers on the neck of fowls, most noticeable on the cock.

 "…And if a women with a child meets a Serpent, her fruit becomes abortive.  Hence it is, that when a woman is in very Fore Travel, if she does but smell the fume of an Adder's Hackle, it will presently either drive out, or destroy her child. .."


Hack - A frame or grating of various kinds; as, a frame for drying bricks, fish, or cheese; a rack for feeding cattle; a grating in a mill race, etc.

"…And it is fit for to make wicks for candles.  Yet that is stuck in with Hacks, until all the Membranes are pulled clean…"


Hadrian - Emperor of Rome (117-138) who sought to end distinctions between Rome and the Roman provinces. During his visit to Britain (122), he ordered the construction of Hadrian's Wall.

"…  Galen says, it has purging faculties.  And therefore it is given to drink for the Dropsies.  And it will draw forth all the water of the belly.  Lastly, I shall not pass by the error of Hadrian, concerning the Loadstone.  For he says, that the Iron by its weight makes the Loadstone never the heavier…"


Haggard - Hag, a witch, influenced by haggard wild.] Having the expression of one wasted by want or suffering; hollow-eyed; having the features distorted or wasted, or anxious in appearance; as, haggard features, eyes.

"…So that he  ( Eutelides) seemed so beautiful unto himself, that falling in love with that wherewith he used to entrap others, he lost his former complexion, and died a sacrifice to his own beauty.  So children often attract themselves, when their parents attribute it to Haggards and Witches…"


"… Isaac says, that a Peacock killed will be kept two days, and three in winter, that the hard flesh of it may grow soft.   Haliabas hangs them up three days, hanging stones to their feet…"

Halm Tree   

"…Of old, they made a decoction of Sage leaves, the green husks of Walnuts, Sumac, Myrtle berries, Blackberries, Cypress nuts, rinds of the roots of the Halm tree, and such-like…" ("How the hairs are dyed black…")

"…For the rind of the root of Halm tree, boiled till it be soft, and consumed, and then smeered on all night, blacks the hair, first made clean with Fullers Earth…"


"…Corneile, or Hamberry may be kept in Lees.  And if it be well preserved so, it will serve to be used in the stead of Olives.   Ovid declares this in the eighth book of his Metamorphosis…"


Hammer - An instrument for driving nails, beating metals, and the like, consisting of a head, usually of steel or iron, fixed crosswise to a handle.

"…For when one is rubbed against the other, or is beaten off with a light blow of the Hammer, those small pieces being rubbed one against another, do not fall to the earth by their own weight, but are held up on the force of the stone…"

"…Set them in the fire and season them, and when they are cold, beat them with the Hammer into thin Rays…"


Hamper - A large basket, usually with a cover, used for the packing and carrying of articles; as, a hamper of wine; a clothes hamper; an oyster hamper, which contains two bushels.

"… If they be used after the like manner, namely, if you set them in Hampers or earthen vessels, and carefully look unto them, and use them as you would use Gourds and Cucumbers, to make them ripe before their ordinary season..."


Mill - A machine for grinding or commuting any substance, as grain, by rubbing and crushing it between two hard, rough, or intented surfaces; as, a gristmill, a coffee mill; a bone mill.

"…  Stibium that Druggists call Antimony, is ground small in Handmills…"

"…Then dry them, and powder them in a Mortar, or a Handmill, until they are very fine, put them into a wide-mouthed vessel, full of rain water, and shake it well in your hands, for so the  finest part will rise to the top, and the grossest will settle to the bottom…"


Hannibal - Carthaginian general, born in 247 BCE, son of Hamilcar Barca; traveled with his father to conquer Spain when he was nine; from age 18 to 25, Hannibal carried out his brother-in-law Hasdrubal's plan to consolidate Carthaginian rule on the Iberian Peninsula.

 "… Junius Frontinus reports, that Hannibal being sent by the Charthagenians, against some rebels in Africa, and knowing they were a nation greedy of wine, mixed a great quantity of Mandrake with his wines…"

 "…It is apparent, that Hannibal, as Polybius writes, when the people of Agrigentum were besieged by the Romans, by many and frequent fires by night, did show forth the intolerable fajine of his army, and for that cause many of his soldiers, for want of victuals, fell off to the enemy…"


Hards - The refuse or coarse part of fiax; tow.

See:   Tow

"…  Vegetius teaches, what combustible matter must be used.  And he uses burning oil, Hards, Brimstone, Bitumen…"

 "…Mingle Hards of Hemp, with whites of Eggs well stirred…"


Hare - A rodent of the genus Lepus, having long hind legs, a short tail, and a divided upper lip. It is a timid animal, moves swiftly by leaps, and is remarkable for its fecundity.

See:   Auritum,   Lagos

"… Hares feed upon herbs that have juice like milk, and therefore in their bellies they have a cream, whence shepherds have learned to make cream of many such herbs pressed together…"

"…Therefore to consider of animals, that have the quickest hearing, we must think of those that are the most fearful.  Nor nature takes care for their safety, that as they have no great strength.  Yet they might exceed others in hearing, and save themselves by flight.  As the Hare, Coney, Hart, the Ass, Ox, and the like…"


Harelip - (the condition in which someone has) a top lip divided into two parts at the middle because it did not develop in the usual way before birth.

"…Many children have Hare-lips, and all because their mothers being with child looked upon a Hare…"


Harlot - A woman who prostitutes her body for hire; a prostitute; a common woman; a strumpet.

See:   Whore

"…A Harlot is not only impudent in herself, but she also naturally infects therewith, all that she touches and carries about her, so that if a man does often behold himself in her glass, or put on her garments, it will make him as impudent and lecherous as she is…"


"…And Plutarch says, that when he  ( Alexander ) heard Antigenida playing melodies with a Pipe, that they called Harmatii, he was so inflamed, that he rose in his arms, and laid hold of him that sat next to him…"


"… Herodotus says, that Harpagus sent letters to Cyrus, put into the belly of a Hart whose entrails were taken out, by one that counterfeited a shepherd hunting.  So…"

"…The like was done by Harpagus.  He, as Herodotus says, being to discover to Cyrus some secrets, when the ways were stopped, that he could do it by no other means, he delivered the letters to a faithful servant, who went like a hunter, that had caught a Hare…"

Harp / Harp-strings                    

Harp - A musical instrument consisting of a triangular frame furnished with strings and sometimes with pedals, held upright, and played with the fingers.

"…So if you cover it with a Bear skin, the sound thereof will make Horses run away. And if you make Harp-strings of all their guts severally, and put them together upon the instrument they will always jar, and never make comfort…"

"…The Harp has some properties in it, and things worthy to be observed, which I shall propound here…"


Harper - A player on the harp; a minstrel.

"…And Agamemnon departing from his country to go to Troy, doubting of the Chastity of Clytemnestra, left a Harper, who with Music did so incite her to Continency and Chastity…"


See:  Kyranides

"…Many such compound medicines made of creatures living on earth, in the water, in the air, together with herbs and stones, you may find most wittily devised, In the books of Kyranides and and Harpocration"

"…Whoever looks into the writings of the ancients, namely, Hermes, Orpheus, Zoroastres, Harpocration, and other such like skillful men as have invented and registered the secrets of this art, shall find that they gathered all from the likeness of seeds, fruits, flowers, leaves and roots, as also of the stars, metals, gems, and stones, that likeness, I say, which these things have to the diseases and parts of a mans body, as also of other living creatures…"


Hart - A stag; the male of the red deer.

"…When the Hart is wounded by the Cretians, they seek out the Herb Dittany, and presently the Darts fallout of their bodies…"

"…There is a kind of Spider which destroys the Hart, except presently they eat Wild Ivy, and whensoever they light upon any poisonous food, they cure themselves with the Artichoke, and against Serpents they prepare and arm them selves with Wild Parsnip, so do the Ring-doves, Coughs, and Blackbirds use Bay leaves…"

Hart's Bane   

Bane - That which destroys life, esp. poison of a deadly quality.

See: Bane

"…Some venomous fish are found in Armenia.  With the powder of them, they scatter Figs strewn with it, in places where wild beasts come.  Beasts no sooner taste of them, but they die.  And by this art are Harts and Boars killed.    Aelian…"

Harts Horn        

"…Which a man may use after unclean women.  Take a Drachm of Hartwort and Gentian, two Scruples of Sanders and Lingnum Aloes, half a Drachm of Powder of Coral, Spodium, and Harts Horn burned, a handful of Sowthistle, Scordium, Betony, Scabious, and a half of Mercury precipitate…"

"…Also, with red Coral, Cuttle Bone, Harts Horn, and such like, whereof everyone will well polish and wipe the teeth clean…"


Hart's Tongue - Botanical: Scolopendrium vulgare; Asplenium scolopendrium (LINN.) Family: N.O. Filices. Its broad, long, undivided dark-green fronds distinguish it from all other native ferns, and render it a conspicuous object in the situations where it abounds, as it grows in masses. It receives its name of Scolopendrium because its fructification is supposed to resemble the feet of Scolopendra, a genus of Mydrapods. The sori are in twin oblique lines, on each side of the midrib, covered by what looks like a single indusium, but really is two, one arranged partially over the other. In the early stages of its growth, the folding over of the indusium can be clearly seen through a lens. The fronds are stalked and the root, tufted, short and stout.   (Botanical.com, A Modern Herbal, Mrs. M. Grieve)

"…The leaves of the herb Harts-tongue will make a man quite barren, if the herb itself be barren, for there is Harts-tongue that bears fruit, and this will make a man fruitful…"


Hartwort - A coarse umbelliferous plant of Europe (Tordylium maximum).

"…Which a man may use after unclean women.  Take a Drachm of Hartwort and Gentian, two Scruples of Sanders and Lignum Aloes, half a Drachm of Powder of Coral, Spodium, and Hart horn burned…"


Hawk - One of numerous species and genera of rapacious birds of the family Falconidæ. They differ from the true falcons in lacking the prominent tooth and notch of the bill, and in having shorter and less pointed wings. Many are of large size and grade into the eagles. Some, as the goshawk, were formerly trained like falcons. In a more general sense the word is not infrequently applied, also, to true falcons, as the sparrow hawk, pigeon hawk, duck hawk, and prairie hawk.

"… Hawks are exceeding hot in lust, and though there be diverse kinds of them, yet they all couple together among themselves without any difference, as Aristotle writes, they couple with Eagles, and thereby engender bastard Eagles…"

 "…If you give a Hawk a Hen fed with Snake or Lizard's flesh, or with Barley boiled in the broth of them, it will make him Mew his feathers betimes…"


Hay - Grass cut and cured for fodder.

 "…For it is dryer and hardest, and an enemy to Mice.  But if not then Bean Straw, or such Pulse.  But if none of these, then dry Hay cut small…"

"… Columella would have dry Figs cast into a pitched vessel with dry Hay in it and upon them…"


Hazel - A shrub or small tree of the genus Corylus, as the C. avellana, bearing a nut containing a kernel of a mild, farinaceous taste; the filbert.

"…As for example, that the Fig tree may be incorporated into the Plane tree, and the Mulberry tree, and likewise the Mulberry tree into the Chestnut tree, the Turpentine tree, and the White Poplar, whereby you my procure White Mulberries, and likewise the Chestnut tree into a Hazel, and an Oak, and likewise the Pomegranate tree into all trees, for that it is like to a common whore, ready and willing for all comers, and likewise the Cherry tree into a Turpentine tree.."

 "…For with a knife they cut the Hazel tree, which they say is the fittest of all to find out veins, especially if the Hazel comes upon any mineral vein.  Others use diverse trees, as the metals are diverse.  For they use the wands of Hazel for veins of Silver, Ash for Brass, wild Pilch tree for Lead, chiefly White Lead, or Brass, or Gold…"


Hazelnut - The nut of the hazel.

"…Anoint the fore part of their heads with the ashes of the shells of Hazelnuts and Oil.  It will make the white eyes of children black, if you do it twice…"


Head - . The uppermost, foremost, or most important part of an inanimate object; such a part as may be considered to resemble the head of an animal; often, also, the larger, thicker, or heavier part or extremity, in distinction from the smaller or thinner part, or from the point or edge; as, the head of a cane, a nail, a spear, an ax, a mast, a sail, a ship; that which covers and closes the top or the end of a hollow vessel; as, the head of a cask or a steam boiler.

"…Take a Lily   Clove or Head, and when you have opened it well, pour into it some Sinoper, or any other coloring, and the Lily flower that grows out of the Clove so dressed, will be of the same color…"


Headache - . Pain in the head; cephlalgia.

"…Pliny has gathered into his books, many things out of the ancient works that were extant in his time. We will relate some of them. He says, that an herb which grows in the head of an image, being wrapt in a cloth, is good for the Headache. .."


Hearn - A heron; esp., the common European heron.

See: Hern

"… In the Diomedian Isles, now called Tremity, in the Adriatique Sea, there are birds, commonly called Hearns.  Who breed there, and continue there, and are to be found nowhere else…"

Heathcock (Heath grouse)   

Heathcock - Heath cock , the blackcock. Heath grouse (below). -- Heath grouse, Heath game , a European grouse (Tetrao tetrix), which inhabits heats; -- called also black game, black grouse, heath poult, heath fowl, moor fowl. The male is called, heath cock, and blackcock; the female, heath hen, and gray hen. -- Heath hen.

"… Pheasants, Partridges, Heathcocks, and Turkyhens, will fat being shut up..."

"…Fed thus, they will grow as fat as great Sappers in Fig time, and so tender, that they will melt in your mouth, and they taste better by far then Pheasants, Heathcocks, or Thrushes. .."


Heaven - . The expanse of space surrounding the earth; esp., that which seems to be over the earth like a great arch or dome; the firmament; the sky; the place where the sun, moon, and stars appear; The dwelling place of the Deity; the abode of bliss; the place or state of the blessed after death.

"…Yes, even in Heaven itself, as Jupiter and Venus love all Planets save Mars and Saturn, Venus agrees with Mars, where no other plant agrees with him…"

"…seeing that forms come from Heaven, they must needs be counted divine and heavenly things, for such is the pattern and the most excellent cause of them, which Plato, that chief Philosopher, calls the Soul of the World, and Aristotle, Universal Nature, and Avicenna calls it Form-giver…"


"… Hecateus says, that the Egyptians grind Barley to make a drink, and that the Macedonians drink Brytum made of Barley, and Parabia made of Millet, and Rice, says Athenaus…."


Hedgehog - A small European insectivore (Erinaceus Europæus), and other allied species of Asia and Africa, having the hair on the upper part of its body mixed with prickles or spines. It is able to roll itself into a ball so as to present the spines outwardly in every direction. It is nocturnal in its habits, feeding chiefly upon insects.

 "…The Ancients made their hair grow again with these remedies.  With the ashes of a land Hedgehog, or of burnt Bees or Flies, or the powder of them dried, also with man's Dung burnt, and anointed on with Honey…"

"…So also, will the ashes of Chestnuts or Hedgehog do, if you with Honey smear the head with it…."  (To curl the hair.)


"…Other properties there are also of places and fountains, which he that would know, may learn out of Theophrastus, Timaus, Poffidonius, Hegefias, Aristides, Meirodorus, and the like, who have very diligently sought out, and registered the properties of places, and out of them, Pliny, Solinus, and such writers have gathered their books…"


"…Heliodorus begins that excellent history which he wrote, with the Queen of Ethiopia, who brought forth Chariclea a fair daughter, the cause was determined to be the fable of Andromeda pictured in that chamber, where she lay with the King…"


or Heliotropium.

See Turn-sole

"…That kind of Spurge which is called Heliofeopium, because it follows the Sun, disposes of her leaves as the Sun rules them…"


"…Wine made of barley they call Brytum.   Sophocles in Triptolemo, and Aeschylus in Lycurgo.  But Hellantcus says, Brytum is made in farms out of roots."…

Hellebour / Hellebore          

Hellebore - A genus of perennial herbs (Helleborus) of the Crowfoot family, mostly having powerfully cathartic and even poisonous qualities. H. niger is the European black hellebore, or Christmas rose, blossoming in winter or earliest spring. H. officinalis was the officinal hellebore of the ancients. Any plant of several species of the poisonous liliaceous genus Veratrum, especially V. album and V. viride, both called white hellebore.

"…Wherefore, when Quail feed on Black Hellebour, they put those that feed on them into so great danger of their lives, that they swell and suffer convulsions, and are subject to Vertigo…"

"… Wolfs Bane kills wolves and many other wild beasts, and it is so called from the effect.  Mountebanks make venome thus;  Take black Hellebore, two ounces, Yew leaves, one ounce, beech rind, glass, Quicklime, yellow Arsenic, of each one ounce and half…"


The widespread iron oxide hematite is the most important ore mineral of iron. Other uses include polishing compounds and paint pigments. Varying in color from reddish brown to black, it forms brilliantly metallic, tabular crystals as well as compact, fibrous kidney-shaped or granular masses and concretions.

"…The stone Hematites being rubbed, is like blood, and is good for those that bleed, and for blood-shot eyes…"


Hemina - In Roman antiquity, a measure containing half a sextary, and according to Arbuthnot, about half a pint English wine measure. In medicine, a measure equal to about ten ounces.

"…The nuts being pressed again, a Hemina of water is sprinkled on them, and when they have drank that up, they do as before.  Every bushel yields an Hemina…"

"…Every bushel yields an Hemina…"


Hemlock -  Poison hemlock, Conium maculatum, a biennial herb of the carrot family, Umbelliferae, is very poisonous and is the plant associated with the death of Socrates. It is native to Europe but now grows wild throughout the New World. Poison hemlock reaches 3 m (10 ft) tall and has a smooth, hollow stem that is spotted or striped with purplish color. Its root is white and carrotlike. A drink made from the plant was used by the Athenians to execute the philosopher Socrates.

"…Theophrastus would have Hemlock gathered and fetched from Sufa, because Thrasias was of opinion, that there it might safely be taken, and in other very cold places. For whereas in Athens the juice of it's poison, odious among the Athenians, because it is given to kill men in common executions, and Socrates there taking it, died presently…"

"...Hemlock and Rue are at enmity, they strive each against each other. Rue must not be handled or gathered with a bare hand, for then it will cause ulcers to arise, but if you do chance to touch it, with your bare hand, and so cause it to swell or itch, annoint it with the juice of Hemlock …"


Hemp - A plant of the genus Cannabis (C. sativa), the fibrous skin or bark of which is used for making cloth and cordage. The name is also applied to various other plants yielding fiber.

"…  Hemp is plucked up after the vintage, but it is cleansed and worked with great labor.  There are three sorts of it.  That next to the rind is the worst, and that next the pith, the middle is the best, which is called Mesa…"

"…Boil wicks of Hemp or Cotton in water, with Saltpeter …"


Hen - The female of the domestic fowl; also, the female of grouse, pheasants, or any kind of birds.

"… Paracelsus says, As the yolk and white of an Egg, becomes a chick by the heat of a Hen, so a bird burnt to ashes, and shut up in a vessel of Glass, and so laid under the mixture, will become a filmy humor, and then, if it be laid under a Hen, is enliven by her heat, and restored to herself like a Phoenix…"

"…A Dog and a Wolf, a Lion and a Panther, an Ass and a Horse, a Partridge and a Hen, are of one bigness, and therefore may couple together, but a Horse and a Dog, or a Mare and an Elephant, or a Hen and a Sparrow cannot…"

Hen's Bane   

Bane - That which destroys life, esp. poison of a deadly quality.

See: Bane

"…Hens die by eating the seeds of Broom, called Spartum…"


Henbane is susceptible of considerable diversity of character, causing varieties which have by some beenconsidered as distinct species. Thus the plant is sometimes annual, the stem almost unbranched, smaller and less downy than inthe biennial form, the leaves shorter and less hairy and the flowers often yellow, without any purple markings. The annual plant also flowers in July or August, the biennial in May and June. (Botanical.com, A Modern Herbal, Mrs. M. Grieve)

"…In a Lohoch.  Take the heads of Poppy, and cut them crossways, with a tender hand, lest the knife enter too deep.  Let your nail direct the issuing juice into a glass, where let it stand a while, and will congeal.  The Theban Poppy is best.  You may do the same with Nightshade, Henbane…"

 "…The root of Pellitory bruised, and put into the teeth, takes away the pain.  So does the root of Henbane…"


Alcanna, Alkanet, Orchanet - A thorny tree or shrub of the genus Lawsonia (L. alba). The fragrant white blossoms are used by the Buddhists in religious ceremonies. The powdered leaves furnish a red coloring matter used in the East to stain the hails and fingers, the manes of horses, etc. The leaves of the henna plant, or a preparation or dyestuff made from them.

See:  Al-henna, Alchena, Orchanet

"…There is a powder brought to us from africa, they commonly call it Alchena. If we boil it in a lye till it be colored, and annoint our hair with it, it will dye them red for many days, that is indelible…"


Heraclitus  (500 b.c. ) - Greek philosopher who maintained that strife and change are natural conditions of the universe.

"…Heraclitus, calls the sun, the Fountain of heavenly light; Opheus calls it the light of life, Plato calls it heavenly fire, an everliving creature, a star that has a soul, the greatest and the daily star…"


Heraclius  (575?-641) - Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (610-641) who captured Syria, Palestine, and Egypt from Persia (613-628) but lost them all to Muslim invaders (635-641).

(See Loadstone)

"…  Hesychius makes the stone Siderites to be different from Heraclius, for he says, one has an iron color, and the other a silver color…"

"… And the same Plato says, some call it Heraclius.   Theophrastus in his book of Stones calls Herculeum, because he found it about the city Heraclea…"


Herb - A plant whose stem does not become woody and permanent, but dies, at least down to the ground, after flowering.

"…And let them stand for three days, and Infuse.  Then set them on a gentle fire, and boil them five hours for fifteen days together, until the Oil has extracted all the virtue of the Infused Herbs…"

"…Draw of the water by Balneum, and the Essence must then be Expressed out in a press.   Ferment it in Dung for five days, and it will yield you the scent, color and virtues of the Herbs in perfection…"


Herbalist - . One skilled in the knowledge of plants; a collector of, or dealer in, herbs, especially medicinal herbs.

See:   Herb

"…Moreover, it is required of him, that he be a Herbalist, not only able to discern common Simples, but very skillful and sharp-sighted in the nature of all plants; for the uncertain names of plants, and their near likeness of one to another, so that they can hardly be discerned, has put us to much trouble in some of our works and experiments…"


Hercules - A hero, fabled to have been the son of Jupiter and Alcmena, and celebrated for great strength, esp. for the accomplishment of his twelve great tasks or labors.  A constellation in the northern hemisphere, containing 113 stars.

"…The Poets, and the ancient devisors of Fables, do speak much of that, Hydra Lernaea which was one of Hercules labors to overcome…"

"…when the Cook of Aristian, among other meats, offered to Hercules a tender dunghill cock, newly slain, that was extremely short.   Aristio gives the reason of this tenderness to be the fig tree…"


See:   Loadstone, Heraclius

"… And the same Plato says, some call it Heraclius.   Theophrastus in his book of Stones calls Herculeum, because he found it about the city Heraclea…"


Hermaphrodite - a plant, animal or person with both male and female sex organs

"…Whereby it comes to pass, that if the matter be defective, as having but one leg, or but one eye, some exceeding the ordinary course as having four eyes, or four arms, or four feet, and sometimes having both sexes in them, which are called Hermaphrodites…"


"…  Hermenias, a Theban, endeavoured, to cure many of the Sciatica, in Beotia, by Music…"


Hermes - son of Zeus and Maia, god who escorts Priam to the hut of Achilles in the Iliad; also known as Argeiphontes.


"…You shall boil Brimstone and Orpiment with Oil, and in them let thread boil.  When it is dry, bind it to the wicks of candles, and let them pass through.  For when one head is lighted, the flame will run to them all, and set them on fire.  Some call it Hermes, his ointment…"

Hermes Trismegistos   

Hermes Trismegistos (thrice-great Hermes), a Greek name for the Egyptian god  Thoth, patron of the literary arts and originator of all mystical wisdom. His reputed works are both popular--dealing with alchemy and astrology--and learned--concerning divine revelation and the redemption of humanity through knowledge of God . Although set in Egypt, the Hermetic writings are entirely Greek in origin and reflect the then-prevalent respect for Egyptian wisdom and occultism. Hermetic literature is frequently alluded to in medieval and Renaissance writing and is now regarded as an important source of information on the social and intellectual history of the early Roman Empire.

"…were excellent Magicians: as, amongst the Persians, Zoroastres the son of Orimafius, whom we spoke of before, amongst the Romans, Numa Pompilius; Thespion, amongst the Gymnosophists; Zamolxis, amongst the Thracians: Abbarais, amongst the Hyperboreans; Hermes, amongst the Egyptians and Budda among the Babylonians. Besides these, Apuleius reckons up Carinondas, Damigeron, Hifmoses, Apollonius, and Dardanus, who all followed Zoroastres and Osthanes. .."

"…Albumasar said, that all things had their virtue from the sun and the moon. And Hermes the learned, said, that the sun and the moon are the life of all things living"

Hermitis Sigillum   

Sigillum - A seal.

"…Pour some strong generous Wine into a glass bottle.  so that it may fill two parts of it.  Stop the mouth of it very exactly, either with Hermitis Sigillum, or a strong glue, which I will hereafter describe to you…"


Hern - A heron; esp., the common European heron.

See:   Hearns

"… Oil of Herns is excellent to allay and remove all cold aches.  The Gout, Sciatica, Griefs of the sinews, Convulsions, pain in the joints, cold Defluctions, and other diseases of moisture and cold…"


Heron of Alexandria  - Greek mathematician Heron of Alexandria, who lived in 1 A.C.

"…  Heron teaches, that in burning of walls, after you have made a hole through, you must put wood of the Pine tree under and annoint it with dry pitch, and powdered brimstone together, with Tar or Oil, and set this on fire…"

"… There are extant the famous monuments of the most learned Heron of Alexandria, concerning wind instruments, I will add some that are new, to give an occasion to search out greater matters…"


Herodotus - 484?-425? B.C., Greek historian, called the Father of History; b. Halicarnassus, Asia Minor. His history of the PERSIAN WARS, the first comprehensive attempt at secular narrative history, marks the start of Western historical writing. The work is written in an anecdotal style of great charm and offers a rich diversity of information about the ancient world.

"…Herodotus in second book, writes of a He-goat, that had to do with a woman openly, and in the sight of many men standing by…"

"…Hence Herodotus first, and others from him, report, that Arion was carried to Tenarus on a Dolphin's back…"

Hesiod \ Hesiode     

Hesiod - 8th cent.? B.C., Greek poet, self-described as a Boeotian farmer. His Works and Days is filled with maxims for farmers, to inculcate righteousness and efficiency. Also ascribed to him is the Theogony, a genealogy of the gods. Hesiod and HOMER codified much of Greek myth.

"…Bread of Asphodils is eaten…  Pliny, the Daffodil is eaten with the seed and head terrified.  But this roasted in the embers as Hesiod affirms, is eaten with oil also braised with figs, it is eaten with great pleasure.  These round-heads are like to Navews of moderate bigness…"

"…For which cause the priests of Egypt would not eat Onions, as Plutark writes in his fourth commentary upon the Hesiode…"


"…  Hesiodus in his book of Husbandry, never makes any mention of Muck or soiling…"


Hesperides - The nymphs in classical mythology who guard with the aid of a dragon a garden in which golden apples grow a legendary garden at the western extremity of the world producing golden apples.

"…Our Naples abounds so with them, that we would not go forth to see the orchards of the Hesperides, Alcinus, Semiramis, and at Memphis, that were made to hang above ground…"


"…  Herodotus mentions it from Hestiaus, who was the author of it.  He being born in Asia, when of noble place, when Darius ruled, when he was with the King in Persia, ans would privately write to Aristagoras to fall from him…"

"…How Hestiaus could make the letters on his head indelible…"


"…And surely the best and swiftest hunting dogs, as greyhounds, are long-headed, and sharp-snouted, as foxes are. Hesychius and Varinus call them dog-foxes…"

"…There is also a Thoes gendred of a wolf and a female Hyena. This medley, Hesychius and Varinus have described…"


Hexagon - A plane figure of six angles. Regular hexagon, a hexagon in which the angles are all equal, and the sides are also all equal.

"…Take a great or small circle, as you would have your glass, and here and there cut off two part of the circumference, one to the quantity of a Pentagon, the other of a Hexagon, as is clear in the Mathematicks…"


"…For when Hiero purposed to off a golden Crown to the Gods in the temple, he put it to the Goldsmith by weight…"

 "… Hiero enraged at this, had Archimedes to consider of it…."


Hieroglyphic - A sacred character; a character in picture writing, as of the ancient Egyptians, Mexicans, etc. Specifically, in the plural, the picture writing of the ancient Egyptian priests. It is made up of three, or, as some say, four classes of characters: first, the hieroglyphic proper, or figurative, in which the representation of the object conveys the idea of the object itself; second, the ideographic, consisting of symbols representing ideas, not sounds, as an ostrich feather is a symbol of truth; third, the phonetic, consisting of symbols employed as syllables of a word, or as letters of the alphabet, having a certain sound, as a hawk represented the vowel a.

"…Wherefore the Egyptians in their Hieroglyphics, when they would signify a woman that has brought forth a daughter, they make the character and likeness of a Bull looking toward the left side.  But to signify the birth of a son, they make his character as looking toward the right side…"

"…The Egyptians thought the Hare so quick of hearing, that it was their Hieroglyphic for hearing…"


Hieron - A consecrateo place; esp., a temple.

"… Hieron, to cover scaling engines, used the raw hides of beasts new killed, as having force to resist fire…"


"…were excellent Magicians: as, amongst the Persians, Zoroastres the son of Orimafius, whom we spoke of before, amongst the Romans, Numa Pompilius; Thespion, amongst the Gymnosophists; Zamolxis, amongst the Thracians: Abbarais, amongst the Hyperboreans; Hermes, amongst the Egyptians and Budda among the Babylonians. Besides these, Apuleius reckons up Carinondas, Damigeron, Hifmoses, Apollonius, and Dardanus, who all followed Zoroastres and Osthanes. .."


Hind - The female of the red deer, of which the male is the stag/hart.

"…The Hind  purges herself with large Cumin, before she brings forth, that her birth may come the more easily from her…"


"…o says. If you would have a strong and a big Mule, you must chose a   Mare of the largest size, and well-knit joints, not regarding her swiftness, but her strength. But there is another kind of Mule called Hinnus, that comes…"

"… But here special choice must be made of the Ass that she be of the largest size, strongly jointed, and able to endure any labor, and of good qualities also, for howsoever it is the sire that gives the name to the young one, and it is called Hinnus…"


See:   Dulcis

"… And elsewhere, the Scythians pour Mares Milk into hollow vessels of wood and shake it, and that froths with churning, and the fat of it they call Butter, which swims to the top, that which is heavy sinks to the bottom, they separate this and dry it, and when it is dry, they call it Hippace…"

"… and wars.   Pliny says, some things being but tasted, will abate hunger and thirst, and preserve our forces, as Butter, Licorice, Hippace…"


Hippocentaur - In ancient fable, a supposed monster, half man and half horse. The hippocentaur differed from the centaur in this, that the latter rode on an ox, and the former on a horse, as the name imports.

"…Not fruit only, but also even the bodies of living creatures from being putrefied, as we have shown elsewhere.   Alexander's body, and the carcass of the Hippocentaur were preserved in Honey…"

Hippocras  Wine   

See:   Wine

"… Hippocras Wine…Take the sweetest wine, we call it commonly, Mangiaguerra, and into four vials full of that, pour in two pounds of beaten sugar, four ounces of Cinnamon , Pepper, and Grains of Paradise, one ounce and a half.  Let them infuse one day. …"


"…But Hippon and Critias held that the vapors of the elements were the first beginnings; Parmenides held that their qualities were the principles; for all things (said he) consist of cold and heat. .."


The Greek physician Hippocrates, c.460-377 BC, is often called the "father of medicine." Little is known about him, but a great tradition surrounds his name. The famed Hippocratic Collection probably contains only a few of his own works and may be the remains of the Hippocratic School at Cos. It includes writings on illnesses, surgery, fractures, anatomy, and dreams as well as an attack on the view that diseases were of divine origin. Perhaps the most important idea associated with Hippocrates is that of relying on facts, clinical observation, and experiment. The Hippocratic oath, although probably not the work of Hippocrates, serves as an ideal of ethics for physicians.

"…And Hippocrates and Galen say, we may judge a man to be of a sanquine complexion by it.  Therefore, those who eat windy meats, by reason thereof, have rough and monstrous dreams. .."


"…  Hipponax held, that males and females were generated, according as the seed is either strong and sold, or fluid, weak and feeble…"

Hircan Dog  

See:   Mastiff, Indian-dog

"…This is called by some a Mastiff, by others a Warrior, or a Hircan-Dog. Aristotle calls them Indian-dogs, and says, they are generated of a Dog and a Tygre…"


"…  Hircius being Consul, as Frontinus testifies, sent forth Pigeons from the nearest place he could from the walls, which had been long shut up in the dark, and half famished, to Decius Brutus, who was besieged at Matina by Anthony…"

Hispanus,  Apparitius       

"…The water or Oil, extracted from the seeds of Citron, is a very strong Antidote against the Plague.  Apparitius Hispanus, his Oil is also approved against the same…"

"…The Oil of Hispanus for wounds and other things…."


Hoary - White or gray with age; hoar.

"…It is worth the while, to show such as are ashamed to seem old, how to dye their Hoary hairs black, as if they might grow young again by it…"

"…And if we provide for young women, we must do as much for aged Matrons, especially, if it fall out that they grow Hoary too soon…"


Hog - A quadruped of the genus Sus, and allied genera of Suidæ; esp., the domesticated varieties of S. scrofa, kept for their fat and meat, called, respectively, lard and pork; swine; porker; specifically, a castrated boar; a barrow.

"…As Damageron teaches.  The fruit of Turpentine is ground in a mill, as the Olives are, and pressed out, and so it sends forth oil.  The Kernels serve to feed Hogs and to burn…"

"…In the middle sits a little man of Wood, fastened through the middle with a Hogs Bristle, so equal balanced, that with every light motion he may easily stir himself…"


Hogshead - . An English measure of capacity, containing 63 wine gallons, or about 52 imperial gallons; a half pipe. &hand; The London hogshead of beer was 54 beer gallons, the London hogshead of ale was 48 ale gallons. A large cask or barrel, of indefinite contents; esp. one containing from 100 to 140 gallons.

 "… Apuleius says, that Apples are to be put into a new pot, and the pot to be put into a Hogshead of Wine that there it may swim, and play on the top of the Wine…"

"…When the wine is run out of the press into the Hogshead, and other vessels, and begins to purge, place an earthen neck, or one of wood, being two cubits in length, upon the bung hole of the vessel…"


Holly - A tree or shrub of the genus Ilex. The European species (Ilex Aguifolium) is best known, having glossy green leaves, with a spiny, waved edge, and bearing berries that turn red or yellow about Michaelmas.

See:   Holm

"…Pull off the bark of Holly, and make a pit in some moist ground, and there bury your Holly Vines,…"


Holm - A common evergreen oak, of Europe (Quercus Ilex); -- called also ilex, and holly.

See:   Holly

 "…Others take a new earthen pitcher, and strew it with the dust or shavings of Poplar, or else the Holm tree.  And then they place the fruit in it, in such a way that their lies some of the dust between every fruit…"

"…They are such as are very hot, as the Bay tree, the Buckthorn, the Holm, the Piel tree.  But Mnestor adds the Mulberry tree, and men conjecture so, because they will presently blunt the ax…"


 "…Dirty mud genders Oysters, sandy mud Perwincles, the mud in the rocks breeds Holoturia, Lepades, and such-like…"


Wart - a glandular excrescence or hardened protuberance on plants. Fig wart, Moist wart (Med.), a soft, bright red, pointed or tufted tumor found about the genitals, often massed into groups of large size. It is a variety of condyloma.

"…Many men have written of Holy-wort. It has a Fly Beetle in the stalk, that runs up and down in it, making a noise like a Kid, (where it receives the name), and this herb is passing good for the voice…"


Homer - principal figure of ancient Greek literature, the first European poet. Two epic poems are ascribed to him, the Iliad and the Odyssey. Among the greatest works of Western literature, they are the prototype for all later EPIC poetry. Modern scholars generally agree that they were written for an aristocratic audience by a single poet in Asia Minor before 700 B.C.

"…From where Form comes; and of the chain that Homer feigned, and the rings that Plato mentions…"

"…  Homer was not ignorant of, who writting of skins and thongs. A thong, says he, of an Ox slain by force, for the skins of those creatures are tougher and stronger, when they die not by old age or of diseases, but are slain…"


"…a four-footed bird, which live and fly about till noon, but pine away as the sun dreaws downward, and die at the sun-setting, and because they live but one day, they are called Homerobion, a Days-bird…"


Honey - A sweet viscid fluid, esp. that collected by bees from flowers of plants, and deposited in the cells of the honeycomb.

"…For if you do Engraff an Apple into a Quince, the Apple will have a relish like Honey.  Which kind of fruit the Athenians do therefore call Melimela, because they tast like Honey, as Diophanes shows…"

"…Add to the Lees of white Wine as much Honey that they may be soft, and some thin matter…"


Honeysuckle - a climbing plant with flowers that smell sweet, which grows wild and in gardens.

"… Distil all these severally.   Elder flowers, and flowers of wild Roses, Broom, Honeysuckles, Solomon's Seal, and Briony roots, sour Grapes, and Sarcocolla…"  (To make the face white, clear, ruddy and soft)

"… For this wipes all spots and red Pimples from the face.  Some mingle with this water of Bean flowers, Elder, Poppy, Honeysuckles, and the like.  So do they take away all wrinkles and spots coming from the sun, and all the rest.  But you may thus take off…"


"…that the bitter Piths of Citrons may be made sweet, if you take the Citron seeds, and steep them in Honeywater, or else in Ewes  Milk, (for this is better) for the space of three days before you set them…"

"…Others, because they would have the Cucumber to be the sweeter, do steep the seed thereof in Honeywater…"


Hook - . A piece of metal, or other hard material, formed or bent into a curve or at an angle, for catching, holding, or sustaining anything; as, a hook for catching fish

"… Sturgeons or Whales are allured with the lungs of a Bull, roasted, hung upon a line with a Hook and cast into the sea…"

"…Moreover, if men fasten to the Hook the Bait that is made of a salted Mousefish, and move this gently in the sea, the Sargus will come to it exceedingly, and gather about the Hook for the love of it, and are easily caught by their greediness after the meat…"


Hop - A climbing plant (Humulus Lupulus), having a long, twining, annual stalk. It is cultivated for its fruit (hops). The catkin or strobilaceous fruit of the hop, much used in brewing to give a bitter taste.

 "…ow the same drink is made in the northern climates of Corn, and they call it Biera, but they put Hops to it, for it cannot be made without.   Barl…"


Horace - 65-8 B.C.  Roman lyric poet. His Odes and Satires have exerted a major influence on English poetry.

"…So old Pigeons that by chance had fallen into deep pits, when they had long labored, struggling with their stuttering wings above the waters to save themselves from drowning, with struggling and fear of death they grew very tender, and by this accident we have learned, that when we would have them very tender, we purposely drive them in.  Horace in Serm. says almost the same…"


"", Culpeper, Nicholas, 1616-1654. -- Common Horehound groweth up with square hoary Stalks, half a yard or two foot high, set at the Joynts with two round crumpled rough Leavs, of a sullen hoary green colour, of a reasonable good scent, but a very bitter tast: The Flowers are smal, white and gaping, set in rough, hard, prickly Husks, round about the Joynts with the leaves from the middle of the Stalk upwards, wherein afterwards is found smal round blackish Seed. The root is blackish, hard, and woody, with many strings thereat, and abideth many years.

"… Also as much of the Flowers of Sage, Rosemary, Olive and Plantain leaves, two handfuls of Hypocistis, Horehound, and the tops of Bramble, one pound of the Flower of Myrtle…"


Horn - A hard, projecting, and usually pointed organ, growing upon the heads of certain animals, esp. of the ruminants, as cattle, goats, and the like. The hollow horns of the Ox family consist externally of true horn, and are never shed. The antler of a deer, which is of bone throughout, and annually shed and renewed.

"… Dydimus, writes, that if any man would have good store of Sperage to grow, he must take the Horns of wild Ram, and beat them into very small powder, and sow them in eared ground, and water it, and he shall have his intent…"

"…Other effect this by heaping up a great many Ram Horns about the root of the tree…"


Hornet - A large, strong wasp. The European species (Vespa crabro) is of a dark brown and yellow color. It is very pugnacious, and its sting is very severe.

"… Pliny and Virgil say, that Wasps and Hornets both, are generated of the flesh of dead Horses…"

"…Because the stinging of Bees, Wasps, Hornets, do so change the face, making the nose, mouth and other parts to stand awry, and to be full of swellings and depressions…"


Horse - A hoofed quadruped of the genus Equus; especially, the domestic horse (E. caballus), which was domesticated in Egypt and Asia at a very early period. It has six broad molars, on each side of each jaw, with six incisors, and two canine teeth, both above and below. The mares usually have the canine teeth rudimentary or wanting. The horse differs from the true asses, in having a long, flowing mane, and the tail bushy to the base. Unlike the asses it has callosities, or chestnuts, on all its legs. The horse excels in strength, speed, docility, courage, and nobleness of character, and is used for drawing, carrying, bearing a rider, and like purposes.

"…So if you cover it with a Bear skin, the sound thereof will make Horses run away…"

"…Experience that proved, that a dead Horse thrown into a standing pool, has brought forth a great store of Eels…"


Horseradish - This plant has been in cultivation from the earliest times, but its exact place of origin seems to be obscure. Hooker considers that it is possibly a cultivated form of Cochlearia macrocarpa, a native of Hungary; other authorities consider it indigenous to the eastern parts of Europe, from the Caspian and through Russia and Poland to Finland. In Britain and other parts of Europe from Sicily northwards, it occurs cultivated, or semi-wild as a garden escape. It is probably the plant mentioned by Pliny under the name of Amoracia, and recommended by him for its medicinal qualities, being then apparently employed exclusively in physic, not as food or condiment It is possible that the Wild Radish, or Raphanos agrios of the Greeks was this plant.

"…Take Tylhimalus, or Spurge, roots of wildflowers, Horseradish Bryonica and obtain of each equal quantities.  Pound all together so that you may get a least one pound of Red Haired Childs Water…"


Horsetail - They are chiefly distributed in the temperate northern regions: seven of the twenty-five known species are British, the most frequent being Equisetum arvense, E. sylvaticum, E. maximum and E. hyemale. E. arvense, the CORN HORSETAIL, is a very troublesome weed, most difficult to extirpate from cultivated land.

"…Take a pound of Lingnum Guaiacum, half a pound of Sarsaperilla beaten small, five ounces of the stalks and leaves of Sena, one handful of Agrimony and Horsetail, a drachm of Cinnamon, and as much Cloves, and one Nutmeg…"


Hortulus - A collection /record of specimens of plants.

"…One should take the seed out of the middle of the Gourd, and set it with the top downward.  This course Columella prescribes, in his Hortulus…"


"…The ashes of the Bill of a Swallow, powdered with Myrrhe, and strewn into the wine you drink, will keep you secure from being drunk.   Horus, the King of Assyria, found out this invention.   Pliny…."


"…  Seneca reports that Hostius made such Concave-glasses , that they might make things show greater.  He was a great provoker to lust.  So ordering his glasses, that when he was abused by sodomy, he might see all the motions of the sodomite behind him, and delight himself with a false representation of his privy parts that showed so great…."

Houpe  (Hoopoe)    

Hoopoe - A European bird of the genus Upupa (U. epops), having a beautiful crest, which it can erect or depress at pleasure. Called also hoop, whoop. The name is also applied to several other species of the same genus and allied genera.

"…Likewise Pismires shun the wings of a Rere-mouse, but her head and heart they do not shun. So they shun the heart of an Houpe, but neither the head, nor yet the wings…"


"…The ancients had Hour-Dials made by water.  And Water-Dials were usual and famous.   Heron of Alexandria wrote a book of them, but they are lost…."


Hourglass - . An instrument for measuring time, especially the interval of an hour. It consists of a glass vessel having two compartments, from the uppermost of which a quantity of sand, water, or mercury occupies an hour in running through a small aperture unto the lower.

"…A description of water Hour-glasses, wherein wind or water-instruments for to show the hours are described…"


Hovel - An open shed for sheltering cattle, or protecting produce, etc., from the weather. A poor cottage; a small, mean house; a hut. Large conical brick structure around which the firing kilns are grouped.

"…they straight away carried them in again into their close Hovels made for the same purpose…"


Huckle bone. (a) The hip bone; the innominate bone. (b) A small bone of the ankle.

 "… Theopohrastus gives the reason why they turn round, in his books, De Causis Plantarum.  Moreover we read in Dioscorides, that a reed with Vinegar, applied to the Huclebones will cure the Luxation of the loins, without words of superstition…"


Hull - The outer covering of any thing, particularly of a nut or of grain.

"…Let it be Bruised with a wooden Pestle, and sifted through a Sieve till the Hulls be parted, as we see it done at Rome and at Florence. .."

"…For the best there is an iron box, the Hulls being then beaten off…"


Humor - . Moisture, especially, the moisture or fluid of animal bodies, as the chyle, lymph, etc.; as, the humors of the eye, etc. &hand; The ancient physicians believed that there were four humors (the blood, phlegm, yellow bile or choler, and black bile or melancholy), on the relative proportion of which the temperament and health depended. A vitiated or morbid animal fluid, such as often causes an eruption on the skin.

"…  Rainoldus, Raimundus, and other Physicians of the best esteem, do attribute to Gold, a power to corroborate and strengthen the heart, to dry up superfluities and ill Humors…"

"…When they have eaten all, and voided their excrements, bruise the Snails with their shells.  And putting them into a Retort, draw out their moisture with a gentle fire.  The Humor that drops forth, will exceedingly adorn the face…"


Hurdle - . A movable frame of wattled twigs, osiers, or withes and stakes, or sometimes of iron, used for inclosing land, for folding sheep and cattle, for gates, etc.; also, in fortification, used as revetments, and for other purposes.

"…You must gather your Grapes when they are of a reasonable ripeness, and then lay them upon certain Hurdles, so that one cluster may not touch the other.  Then bring them within doors, and tuck away the dry, and withered, and rotten Grapes with a pair of Tuckers…"

"… Dioscorides makes it thus.  Let ripe Ricini, as many as you please, wither in the hot Sun, and be laid upon Hurdles…"

Husbandry  /  HusbandmanHusbandmen                  

Husbandman - One whose occupation is husbandry; a farmer.

"…Likewise the very stems of plants do follow the state of the heavens, witness the Husbandman, who finds it by experience in his grassing…"

"…  Hesiodus in his book of Husbandry, never makes any mention of Muck or soiling…"


Hutch - A chest or box; a corn chest or bin; a case for rabbits.

"…The next day, cast it into a Hutch, and add more Meal to it, which again being raised by its heat, and coming back again by the same, and meeting with the lump as flowing back again, it joins into the Refracted Elements, and so into Clotters of Meal. .."

Hyacinthus / Hyacinth  / Hyancinthus       

Hyacinth - The Wild Hyacinth is in flower from early in April till the end of May, and being a perennial, and spreading rapidly, is found year after year in the same spot, forming a mass of rich colour in the woods where it grows. The long leaves remain above ground until late in the autumn. From the midst of very long, narrow leaves, rising from the small bulb and overtopping them, rises the flower-stem, bearing the pendulous 'bluebells' arranged in a long, curving line. Each flower has two small bracts at the base of the short flower-stalk of pedicel. The perianth (the term applied when the parts of the calyx and corolla are so similar in form and colour that no difference is perceptible) is bluish-purple and composed of six leaflets. The flowers have a slight, starch-like scent.

Hyacinthus -  a beautiful Laconian youth, beloved by Apollo, fr. Gr. , : cf. F. hyacinthe. Cf. Jacinth. The hyacinth was fabled to have sprung from the blood of Hyacinthus, who was accidentally slain by Apollo.

See:   Jacinth

"… valiant Hyacinthus, and of other young lusty gallants that were mostly comely and beautiful in face, and very sightly for all the parts fo their body;…"

"…In former times, they rubbed the down parts of children with the roots of Hyancinthus, and the hair would never grow there…"

Hyena /  Hyaena        

Hyena - Any carnivorous mammal of the family Hyænidæ, of which three living species are known. They are large and strong, but cowardly. They feed chiefly on carrion, and are nocturnal in their habits.

"…The beast Hyaena, and the Panther, are naturally at variance, therefore the skin of a dead Hyaena makes the Panther run away, nay, if you hang their several skins one against the other, the Panthers skin will lose the hairs…"

"…For Pliny writes, and Solinus writes the same, that the Hyena and the Lioness of Ethiopia, gender the beast Crocuta  …"


"…And those which are thus gendred, these half-wilds, are called Hybrides, happily because there are generated in reproachful adultery. For Hybris signifies reproach…."  


"…Offspring of a wolf and panther, also called Thoes/Thos…"


Hydra - a mythical being with nine serpent heads that when cut off were replaced by two more heads; this monster was destroyed by Herakles.

Hydra Lernaea

"…The Poets, and the ancient devisors of fables, do speak much of that, Hydra Lernaea which was one of Hercules labors to overcome. Which fiction was without all question occasioned by these kinds of monsters…"


 "…In like manner, may plants be generated of the putrified barks and boughs of old trees.  For so is, Polypody, and the herb Hyphear generated; for both these, and diverse other plants also do grow up in the Fir trees and Pine trees, and such other…"


"… Also as much of the Flowers of Sage, Rosemary, olive and plantaine leaves, two handfuls of Hypocistis, Horehound…"

"…It is more effectual to use the Decoction of the herb therewith, as Hypocistis, Pills of Pomegranate, and the like.  so water Distilled from green Pineapples, will draw in loose breasts, and make them like the round hard, solid breasts of Virgins…"


See Nightshade, Belladonna, Fair Lady, Solanum Manicon

"…We may make the same of Nightshade, which is also called, Hypnoticon, from the effect of it.  A drachm of the rind, drank in wine, causes sleep, but gently and kindly.  This later age, seems to have lost the knowledge of Solanum Manicon…"


Hyssop - A plant or genus of plants, one species of which is cultivated for use. The leaves have an aromatic smell, and a warm pungent taste. Hyssop was much used by the Jews in purification.

"…Smell also Hyssop, and the sweet Lily.  Wear a ring made of the hoof of a time or wild Ass.  Also Satyrion, the male and female, are thought alike…"


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